American History Timeline (IB)

By ibester
  • Founding of Jamestown

    Founding of Jamestown
    The significance of this was that this was the first town ever to be established in the Americas. Founded by the Virginia Company of London.
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    This was the first assembly of elected respresentatives of the English colonists in North America. The house was established by the Virginia Company. This house had granted many farming colonists with land up to 50 acres in aid to farm.
  • Founding of Plymouth Colony and The Mayflower Compact

    Founding of Plymouth Colony and The Mayflower Compact
    About 100 english men and women had set sail onwards to what is known as the Plymouth Colony. The purpose of this colony was to set sail for America and start a new life on American soil. For the Mayflower Compact, it was signed on November 11th, 1620, written by the Seperatists of the Plymouth Colony. It's purpose was to create fair and equal laws for the Colony.
  • Founding of Massachussets Bay

    Founding of Massachussets Bay
    The Colony was founded by The Massachussets Bay Company on June 12th, 1630. The purpose of this colony was to obtain religious freedom for the puritans. Coming to America had helped them to obtain the freedom.
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    Pequot War

    The Pequot War was between the Pequot tribe and The Massachussets bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook Colonies. The cause of the Pequot War was mainly over the fur trade which caused tension between both sides, resulting in conflicts, then war.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    This was rebellion was towards a group of indians who had allegedly stolen hogs from a group of colonists. The colonists were not okay with this, they proceeded in killing a few indians. This led the indians to kill the colonists herdsman, Robert Hen.
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    King Philip's War

    King Philip's War was mainly caused by the murder of John Sassamon and other Native Americans which led to a great deal of tension and conflicts.
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    Salem Witch Trials

    This was a series of events of trials and prosecutions towards people who were accused of Witchcraft. People had believed there was supernatural occurences happening everyday such as Satan 'walking' the earth. Many people who were accused of Witchcraft primarily were sawn as beings who took the form of something that afflicted the common people.
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    French and Indian War

    This was a war between British colonies and New France, with the help of some Native Americans. The war had been caused between the struggle of new lands. Many British Colonists had wanted the lands but sometimes were not handed the land to them, so they had to fight for it.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    This was known as the act of providing British solgiers with housing and provisions from the local governments of the American Colonies. The main purpose was to re-gain control over the colonies.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The primary reason of this act was to tax colonies of British America. The colonies did not like this taxation, which resulted in the Boston Tea Party.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    This was known as the brutal killing of 5 civilian men while injuring 6 others. These red-coats, who had done the shooting, were protecting crown-appointed colonial officials. Although many say these red-coats are murderers, many people don't understand they were protecting themselves as self-defense.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    .The primary purpose of this act was to reduce the mass surplus of tea. This was done because of the British East Inida Companies struggle financially.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    This was not much of a party to some people, but it may have been for the Sons of Liberty. These colonists had been infuriated by the taxation of the tea from London. These Sons had boarded the ships and destroyed the tea by throwing it overboard.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    This was known as a series of laws passed by the British Parliament. Many of the 13 colonies had resistence to these new set of laws mainly because they didn't think they were necessary or fair.
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    The first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The war was fought between the Kingdom of Great Britian and the 13 colonies of North America.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    This was known as a big divide between the 13 colonies and Great Britian. It allowed the 13 colonies to be free states within America.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    A rebellion that takes place in Massachusetts which is named after Daniel Shays. Shays tried to lead 1100 men to the victory of Springfield, MA. The reason of this uprising was because of the economic state the farmers were in, which were very poor.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    This event consisted of 55 delegates meeting together to frame a constitution for the Federal Public.
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

    Judiciary Act of 1789
    This act was a statute adopted on September 24, 1789 that established the U.S. federal judiciary. Anti-Federalists had believed this Act was a potential instrument of national tyranny. Most to all of the Anti-Federalists opposed this act in hopes of upholding judicial power from the government.
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    Second Great Awakening

    Was a protestant revival that expressed religious preaching and belief. The second awakening began as an emotional counteroffensive to the deism identified with the French Revolution.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    This was a tax protest in the United States in 1791. Farmers who had to sell their grain in a form of whiskey had to pay this new tax. This tax was part of Alexander Hamilton’s program to pay off all the national debt. Hamilton believed that this taxation would present prosperity and unity.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed in 1798 by the Federalists in the 5th United States Congress in the aftermath of the French Revolution and during an undeclared naval war with Britain and France, later known as the Quasi-War.
  • Revolution of 1800

    Revolution of 1800
    In the United States Presidential election of 1800, sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800",Vice President Thomas Jefferson defeated President John Adams.
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    Supreme Court case in 1803. This court case formed the basis of judicial review in the United States under Article 3 of the Constitution.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The U.S., under Jefferson, bought the Louisiana territory from France, under the rule of Napoleon, in 1803. The U.S. paid $15 million for the Louisiana Purchase, and Napoleon gave up his empire in North America. The U.S. gained control of Mississippi trade route and doubled its size.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    A war between the United States and the British Empire that lasted around 32 months. This war was also known as the "second war of independence", meaning that it was fought for freedom.
  • Election of 1816

    Election of 1816
    A presidential election between two candidates named James Monroe and Rufus King. This election was won by James Monroe from the Electoral College vote, being 183 to 34.
  • Indian Removal Act of 1830

    Indian Removal Act of 1830
    This act was passed by president Andrew Jackson. This act primarily served as an agreement between the Indians and Jackson by relocating these Indians west of the Mississippi River. These Indians only had right to stay East of the river if they adopted a civilized behavior.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    Served as a defense retalitation against South Carolinians who wanted to Nullify the Tariff of 1828. This granted the independence of the Confederate States of America.
  • Texas Independence

    Texas Independence
    This was a document allowing the independence of Texas from Mexico, resulting as the Republic of Texas. This was significant in history because Texas had been fought long and hard for against Mexico.
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    Mexican American War

    This was was fought between The United States of America and Mexico for the territory of Texas. This had played an important role in histroy for the adoption and success of gaining Texas as a free state.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    This settled the dispute between the U.S. and Mexico which ended the Mexican American War. This treaty was helped from a man named Nicholas Trist, who had negotiated with Mexican officials.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    Authorized the President of The United States to survey Indian tribal land. The primary purpose of this was to divide up land between the Indians. This act was named after it's sponsor, Henry Laurens Dawes.
  • Wounded Knee Massacre

    Wounded Knee Massacre
    Happened at Wounded Knee Creek on the Lakota Pine Ridge. Soldiers were commanded to seize all fire arms of the tribe located at Wounded Knee Creek. A deaf man had not understood what was to be done and refused to give up his weapon. This resulted in a fight breaking out between the tribe and soldiers.
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    A war between Spain and the United States. This war was caused by the intervention of The United States in the Cuban War for independence.
  • Founding of NAACP

    Founding of NAACP
    An organization that formed in response to the Springfield race riot and the practicing of lynching. A meeting was formed by two white members of the NAACP who are former members. This meeting was met by 60 plus people including 7 African Americans.
  • Red Summer

    Red Summer
    A series of race riots through out three dozen cities in the United States during the summer of 1919. These riots were mainly formed by white men and usually attacked African Americans.
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    First Red Scare

    A period of time in which the United States feared Bolshevism and Anarchism. The US, at the time, also feared the threat of a revolution.
  • New Deal

    New Deal
    A series of economic programs started by a man named Frankelin D Roosevelt. This plan was to help and stimulate the economy.
  • Attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    A retaliation by the United States who dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. This act of retaliation was caused by the attack at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii from Japanese war planes.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    Policy presented by President Harry Truman. This policy stated that the US would aid Turkey and Greece with economic and military support to prevent them from falling into Soviet control.
  • NATO

    A military alliance between European countries and North America that promised a collective defense system. The Nato was originally created to counter communism in the East.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    A war between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea between June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953. This war had only lasted 3 years and was caused by the political division of Korea by an agreement Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.
  • Fall of China to Communism

    Fall of China to Communism
    Conflict between Chinese Nationalists and Chinese Communists caused by the desire of aquiring the opponents territory.
  • Election of 1952

    Election of 1952
    Election between Dweight D. Eisenhower and Adlai Stevenson for the Presidency of 1952 to 1956.