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American History Sem. 2

  • "The Spark" of WW1

    "The Spark" of WW1
    The archduke of Austria Hungary was assassinated in Sarajevo and that sparked WW1
  • M.A.I.N.E

    M.A.I.N.E
    Militarianism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, and Extreme leaders
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    A type of war that would be battled in trenches and then it was very dirty because many people died
  • Wet VS Dry

    Wet VS Dry
    wet: were against prohibition
    dry: was for prohibition
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    a secret society whose purpose was to ensure white supremacy over blacks; also opposed to Jews, Catholics, and Foreigners
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    The rounding up and deportation of several hundred immigrants of radical political views by the federal government in 1919 and 1920. This “scare” was caused by fears of subversion by communists in the United States after the Russian Revolution.
  • Rise of the Nazi Party

    Rise of the Nazi Party
    Hitler helps form the Nazi Party (German Nationalist Socialist Party)
    Beer Hall Putsch: Hitler and his Nazis try to overthrow the new democracy in a large beer hall in Munich
    16 of his men are killed. Hitler flees and is later arrested on high treason
    While in prison Hitler writes "Mein Kampf"
    Learns the lesson: Must destroy democracy from within
    Served 8 months and was released
  • Installment Plan

    Installment Plan
    a system in which a consumer may buy and take possession of goods, paying for them at agreed-upon intervals while having use of the goods
  • Xenophobia

    Xenophobia
    dislike or prejudice against people from other countries
  • Fundamentalism

    Fundamentalism
    a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching
  • Hoover was Elected

    Hoover was Elected
    An American engineer, businessman, and politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A member of the Republican Party, he held office during the onset of the Great Depression.
  • Business Cycle

    Business Cycle
    The cycle of the economy and how it changes in a long period of time. Also, the unemployment
  • Cutting Federal Income Tax

    Cutting Federal Income Tax
    Taxes were already so low (average family saved $3.75 per year)
    The wealthy saved their tax cut; frightened of the future
  • Great Depression

    Great Depression
    was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world
  • Federal Farm Board

    Federal Farm Board
    Farm cooperatives would voluntarily:
    coordinate crop production (region by region)
    withheld crops from the market until prices rose
  • "Black Tuesday"

    "Black Tuesday"
    Selling panic, but no buyers
    share prices deflated and margin loans came due
  • Signing of the Hawley-Shoot Tariff Act into law

    Signing of the Hawley-Shoot Tariff Act into law
    Raised protective tariffs to their highest level ever
    One Goal: to protect farmers and manufacturers
    Result: A Trade War; worldwide trade declined by 40% (which backfired)
  • Bonus Army

    Bonus Army
    WWI vets marched on Washington D.C.
    Hoover hid in the White House, destroying his chances of reelection
  • Lost Election

    Lost Election
    happened by a landslide to FDR
    Hoover was booed as he left the office
    He served in numerous volunteer positions until he died
  • RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)

    RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)
    Granted $2B in loans to save big businesses, banks, and railroads
    an attempt at "trickle down" theory or indirect relief
    summary: too little, too late
    Unemployment in 1929=2 million, 1932=12 million
  • United States Response to foreign aggression

    United States Response to foreign aggression
    1935- passed neutrality act-- no arms to warring nations
    1939- Cash-n-Carry policy (purpose to aid the Allies)
  • Causes of WW2

    Causes of WW2
    -Japenese Expansion
    -Fascism
    -Hitler and the Nazi Party
    -Appeasement -Great Depression
  • War in Europe

    War in Europe
    Germany invaded Poland with a blitzkrieg attack
    France and Britain declare war the next day
    The Holocaust intensifies
  • Blitzkrieg Attacks

    Blitzkrieg Attacks
    Neutral Nations fell quickly
    France fell to Hitler in late June
  • European Theater

    European Theater
    the name was given to the fighting that took place in Europe
    Britain stood alone against Axis
    Gen. Dwight Eisenhower-supreme allied commander of the European theater
    allies first invaded through sicily and up to italy
    Mussolini was overthrown and killed
  • Diplomacy was Failing

    Diplomacy was Failing
    Appeasement was ineffective when dealing with Hitler
    Sept 1940: German, Italy, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact
    -1940: WW1 destroyers given for bases deal with Great Britain
    -1941: Lend-Lease Act> the U.S. became the "Arsenal of Democracy"
    -1941: FDR and W. Churchill (Britain) agreed to the Atlantic Charter
  • Hitler Double Crossed Stalin

    Hitler Double Crossed Stalin
    Big Mistake! Stalin used Scorched Earth military tactic
    Harsh winter and lack of useable supplies resulted in over 1 million Nazi losses
  • Western Front: D-Day

    Western Front: D-Day
    General Eisenhower planned D-Day
    Allied Invasion across English Channel into Normandy
    Largest military invasion
  • Harry Truman

    Harry Truman
    WW2 ends with Truman's decision to drop the A-Bomb on Japan
  • German Surrender

    German Surrender
    Hitler committed suicide before he could be captured
    Germany officially surrendered, following day known as VE day
    Now allies had to figure out how to defeat Japan
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    S.U. creates Warsaw Pact to offset NATO
  • Richard Nixon

    Richard Nixon
    Nixon recognizes China and visits the Soviet Union
    First Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
  • Jimmy Crater

    Jimmy Crater
    The US supports freedom fighters
    The US boycotts Moscow Summer Olympics in protest
    "Miracle on Ice" occurs during Winter Olympics
  • Ronald Reagan

    Ronald Reagan
    Berlin Wall falls; SU loses its satellite nations
    Tiananmen Square Massacre in China