World War 2

  • Hitler's rise to power

    Hitler's rise to power
    Hitler proved to be such a powerful public speaker and organizer that he
    quickly became the party’s leader. Calling himself Der Führer—“the Leader”—he
    promised to bring Germany out of chaos.
  • Mussolini/Fascism

    Fascism (fBshPGzQEm) stressed nationalism and
    placed the interests of the state above those of individuals. Italy
  • Stalin/Totalitarian government

    Stalin/Totalitarian government
    to exert complete control over its citizens. In a totalitarian state, individuals have
    no rights, and the government suppresses all opposition.
  • Mein Kampf

    Mein Kampf
    Hitler's book that put forward Nazi beliefs. Means "my struggle"
  • Storm troopers

    Storm troopers
    Many men who
    were out of work joined Hitler’s private army, the storm troopers (or Brown Shirts).
    The German people were desperate and turned to Hitler as their last hope.
  • Japanese invasion of Manchuria

    Japanese invasion of Manchuria
    Hitler a belief in the need for more
    living space for a growing population. Ignoring the protests of more moderate
    Japanese officials, the militarists launched a surprise attack and seized control of
    the Chinese province of Manchuria in 1931.
  • Third Reich

    Third Reich
    Once in power,
    Hitler quickly dismantled Germany’s democratic Weimar Republic. In its place he
    established the Third Reich, or Third German Empire. According to Hitler, the Third
    Reich would be a “Thousand-Year Reich”—it would last for a thousand years.
  • Hitler invades the Rhineland

    Hitler invades the Rhineland
    Hitler sent troops into
    the Rhineland, a German region bordering France and Belgium that was demilitarized
    as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. The League did nothing to stop Hitler.
  • Hitler's military buildup

    Hitler's military buildup
    In 1935, he began a military
    buildup in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. A year later, he sent troops into
    the Rhineland, a German region bordering France and Belgium that was demilitarized
    as a result of the Treaty of Versailles
  • Mussolini invades Ethiopia

    Mussolini invades Ethiopia
    His first target was Ethiopia, one of Africa’s few
    remaining independent countries. By the fall of 1935, tens
    of thousands of Italian soldiers stood ready to advance on
    Ethiopia. The League of Nations reacted with brave talk of
    “collective resistance to all acts of unprovoked aggression.”
    When the invasion began, however, the League’s
    response was an ineffective economic boycott
  • Francisco Franco

    Francisco Franco
    a group of
    Spanish army officers led by General Francisco Franco,
    rebelled against the Spanish republic. Revolts broke out all
    over Spain, and the Spanish Civil War began
  • Rome-Berlin axis

    Rome-Berlin axis
    The Spanish revolution forged a close
    relationship between the German and Italian dictators, who
    signed a formal alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis.
  • Hitler's Anschluss

    Hitler's Anschluss
    Germany announced that its
    Anschluss, or “union,” with Austria was complete.
  • Munich agreement

    Munich agreement
    In their
    eagerness to avoid war, Daladier and Chamberlain chose to believe him. On
    September 30, 1938, they signed the Munich Agreement, which turned the
    Sudetenland over to Germany without a single shot being fired
  • Britain and France declare war on Germany

    Britain and France declare war on Germany
    After Germany attacked Poland, France and Britain decided to declare war on Germany
  • Nonaggression pact

    Nonaggression pact
    As tensions rose over Poland, Stalin surprised everyone by signing a
    nonaggression pact with Hitler
  • Blitzkrieg

    the German
    air force roared over Poland, raining bombs on military
    bases, airfields, railroads, and cities. At the same time, German tanks raced across
    the Polish countryside, spreading terror and confusion.
  • Phony War

    Phony War
    France’s eastern border (see map on p. 538), sat
    staring into Germany, waiting for something to happen. On the
    Siegfried Line a few miles away German troops stared back. The
    blitzkrieg had given way to what the Germans called the sitzkrieg
    (“sitting war”), and what some newspapers referred to as the
    phony war
  • Hitler's invasion of Norwayh and Denmark

    Hitler's invasion of Norwayh and Denmark
    Hitler launched a surprise invasion
    of Denmark and Norway in order “to protect [those countries’] freedom
    and independence.” But in truth, Hitler planned to build bases along the
    coasts to strike at Great Britain
  • Hitler's invasion of Netherlands

    Hitler's invasion of Netherlands
    Next, Hitler turned against the Netherlands,
    Belgium, and Luxembourg, which were overrun by the end of May. The phony
    war had ended
  • The battle of britain

    The battle of britain
    Every night for two solid months, bombers pounded
    The Battle of Britain raged on through the summer and
    fall. Night after night, German planes pounded British targets
  • Germany/ Italy attacks France

    Germany/ Italy attacks France
    The German offensive trapped almost 400,000 British
    and French soldiers as they fled to the beaches of Dunkirk on the French side of
    the English Channel. Fleet of makeshift boats from citizens carried victims to safety. France lost the battle but not the war.
  • Marshall Philippe Petain

    Marshall Philippe Petain
    Germans would occupy the northern part of
    France, and a Nazi-controlled puppet government, headed
    by Marshal Philippe Pétain, would be set up at Vichy,
    in southern France.
  • Pearl Harbor Attack

    Pearl Harbor Attack
    Japan's attack on the US that brought the US officially into world war two.
  • Lend-Lease Act

    Lend-Lease Act
    Roosevelt compared his plan to lending a garden hose to a neighbor whose
    house was on fire. He asserted that this was the only sensible thing to do to prevent
    the fire from spreading to your own property. Isolationists argued bitterly
    against the plan, but most Americans favored it, and Congress passed the LendLease
  • Women's Auxiliary Army Corps

    Women's Auxiliary Army Corps
    Under this
    bill, women volunteers would serve in noncombat positions.
    Despite opposition from some members of Congress
    who scorned the bill as “the silliest piece of legislation” they
    had ever seen, the bill establishing the WAAC became law
    on May 15, 1942. The law gave the WAACs an official status
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    Battle of the Atlantic
    Hitler ordered submarine raids against ships along America’s east coast. The German
    aim in the Battle of the Atlantic was to prevent food and war materials from
    reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
  • U.S. Convoy system

    U.S. Convoy system
    Way of delivering resources overseas with ships escorting it to protect the goods
  • Internment

    The confinement of a group of people
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Hitler wanted to capture soviet oil fields as well as take out Stalingrad. Germany had 9/10 of it when Soviets launched a counter attack and trapped Germany in Stalingrad forcing them to surrender.
  • Unconditional Surrender

    Unconditional Surrender
    At this meeting,
    the two leaders (Roosevelt Churchill) agreed to accept only the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers.
    That is, enemy nations would have to accept whatever terms of peace the Allies
  • Operation Torch

    Operation Torch
    . Churchill and Roosevelt didn’t think the Allies had enough
    troops to attempt an invasion on European soil. Instead, they launched
    Operation Torch, an invasion of Axis-controlled North Africa, commanded by
    American General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  • Bloody Anzio

    Bloody Anzio
    One of the hardest battles the Allies encountered
    in Europe was fought less than 40 miles from Rome. This battle, “Bloody
    Anzio,” lasted four months—until the end of May 1944—and left about 25,000
    Allied and 30,000 Axis casualties. During the year after Anzio, German armies
    continued to put up strong resistance. The effort to free Italy did not succeed until
    1945, when Germany itself was close to collapse
  • Korematsu v. United States

    Korematsu v. United States
    Supreme court decided the internment of japanese citizens was justified by way of military necessity
  • D-Day

    Shortly after midnight, three divisions
    parachuted down behind German lines. They were followed
    in the early morning hours by thousands upon
    thousands of seaborne soldiers—the largest land-sea-air
    operation in army history.
  • The Battle of the Bulge

    The Battle of the Bulge
    The battle raged for a month. When it was over, the
    Germans had been pushed back, and little seemed to have
    changed. But, in fact, events had taken a decisive turn.
    The Germans had lost 120,000 troops, 600 tanks and
    assault guns, and 1,600 planes in the Battle of the Bulge
  • Death of Hitler

    Death of Hitler
    I myself
    and my wife choose to die in
    order to escape the disgrace of
    . . . capitulation,” he said. The
    next day Hitler shot himself
    while his new wife swallowed
  • Harry S. Truman

    Harry S. Truman
    the president
    had a stroke and died. That night, Vice President Harry S. Truman
    became the nation’s 33rd president
  • V-E day

    V-E day
    Victory in Europe Day