Essentially, this was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province, in order to eventually encompass all of East Asia. This proved to be one of the causes of World War II.
The authoritarian states began a series of hostile attacks against other countries.
Occupation of Ethiopia by Italy
Ethiopia had valuable exports and at the time they were also forming a modern army with the help of several European powers, but was purchased with their own money.
In Europe, it also invaded Albania.
In violation of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler remilitarised the Rhineland.
Germany developed a policy of territorial expansion aimed at creating a vast empire (Third Reich) of lands inhabited by Germanic peoples.
Germany entered into the Rome-Berlin Axis alliance with Italy
which was renewed in 1939 under the name of Pact of Steel
Germany entered into the Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan
Spanish Civil War
Italy and Germany took part of it, by supplying the insurgent forces with soldiers and weapons, while France and Great bRitain chose not to get involved(Non-Intervention Pact)
Occupation of China by Japan
Germany used its military force to occupy Austria.
The leaders of Great Britain, France, and Italy agreed to allow Germany to annex certain areas of Czechoslovakia. The Munich Conference came as a result of a long series of negotiations.
The Allies (France and Great Britain) declared war on Germany, which marked the begining of the Second World War.
France and Great Britain pledged Poland their military support if necessary.
Hitler signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact
to prevent the USS from joining forces with France and Great Britain and helping Poland.Hitler signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact with Stalin, after which he began the invasion of Poland.
Invasion of Poland
Hitler launched Blitzkrieg which consisted of using armoured division and strong aerial support.This type of war made surprise attacks and quick advances possible.Poland collapsed after three weeks.
German army invaded most fo the western Europe(Battle of Britain)
By that summer,Great Britain was the only country to hvae resisted German occupation.Luftwaffe,Germany's air force,bombed British ports and cities in what was known as the Battle of Britain
From 1940 onwards, the Jews in Poland, and later in other countries, were moved into ghettos.
Hitler launched Operation Barbarosa and attacked Russia,quickly reaching the gates of Moscow and Leningrad.This was an extremely significant event as, in response, the USSR joined the Allied forces in the batle against Axis power
Battle of the Atlantic
As Great Britain resisted the attack, Hitler was forced to abort the mission. He ordered the blockade of teh British Isles and launched the Battle of Atlantic to cut off the British supply lines
Beginning of the Jewish massacre in the USSR and eastern Europe
Battles of Midway and Guadalcanal
The Americanns stopped the Japanese advances in the Pacific
German assault on Stalingrad
German assault on Stalingrad was Hitler's first major failure. The city withstood several months of siege, after which the German Field Marshal Paulus surrended
Nazi leaders planned the ''Final Solution'
Nazi leaders planned the ''Final Solution',the elimination of all Jews. At that time,the concentration camps became places of mass prisioner extermination. The systematic torture began during the journey to these places in crowded cattle cars wothout food or toilet.This meant death.
British defeated the Germans at El Alamein
In North Africa, the British defeated the Germans at El Alamein.An Allies army under the control of General Eisenshower landed in Frenc Africa and defeated the Germans in Tunisia
The three majors Allies(Great Britain, the United States and the USSR) met for the first time. That, was attended by Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin. There, they took joint military measures to speed up the end of the war
Soviets attaced Ukraine
The Soviets went on the attack, taking back Ukraine and ending the siege of Leningrad
Normandy landings by British and American troops
The liberation of Europe was hastened by the Normandy landings by British and American troops, which brought many soldiers and weapons into France
About a 30% of the workers in Germany's arms industry were foreigners
Atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki
To force Japan to surrender, US President Truman decided to use a new weapon: the atomic bomb, which was dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Second Conference in Yalta
The second conference took place in Yalta. This meeting agreed desnazification and partition of Germany and Austria into four occupied zones and the division of Berlin and Vienna
Third conference in Potsdam
The third conference took place in Potsdam.The nwe leader researched an agreement to return all of the European territories annexed by Germany, separated Austria, dismantle the military insdustry and preosecute and punish the Nazi leaders
Paris Peace Conference
Finally, peace treaties with Germany's other allies were drawn up during the Paris Peace Conference.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted
It's a text that remains hugely important to this day
Th treaty with Austria was signed and Allied occupation finished