Interwar years

Interwar Years Project

  • J: Russo-Japanese War

    J: Russo-Japanese War
    Victorious against the Russians, Japan seeked equality among the Western powers due to their military strength.
  • J: Japan Conquers Land

    J: Japan Conquers Land
    Japan colonized Korea. Western Powers see Japan as a threat.
  • J: Japan's Twenty One Demands

    J: Japan's Twenty One Demands
    Japanese troops captured the Chinese province of Shantung, which had been under German (enemy of Japan) control, therefore the Japanese government made demands to the Chinese government for exclusive trade, control over land, railroads and to have general peace.
  • I: Treaty of London

    I: Treaty of London
    Secret signed treaty with Italy and the Triple Entente. The treaty’s purpose was for Italy to leave the Triple Alliance for territory. Italy gained Trentino, South Tyrol, and Trieste.
  • J: Lansing-Ishii Agreement

    J: Lansing-Ishii Agreement
    After the U.S. entered the war Japan and USA sought to smooth over their differences. The document read about sovereignty and the independence of China’s land and exclusive trade with Japan.
  • WP: Treaty of Versailles

    WP: Treaty of Versailles
    Treaty which ended WW1 between Germany and the Allied powers by restricting Germany to return territories from Franco-Prussian war, Czechs and Poland, accept full blame from the war, demilitarize their army to 100,000 men and were not allowed to maintain a Navy or an Air Force
  • World: Palmer Raids

    World: Palmer Raids
    During a period of unrest known as the Red Summer, a series of violent law enforcement concluded in massive numbers of deportation. Palmer used the Sedition Act, Espionage Act and his new power to inaugurate a campaign whom targeted immigrants accused of being communists, socialists, anarchists, etc.
  • WP: First Meeting of League of Nations

    WP: First Meeting of League of Nations
    First meeting of an international group developed after WW1 to maintain peace and solve issues between countries to prevent another war.
  • G: Formation of Nazi Party

    G:  Formation of Nazi Party
    The National Socialist German Workers' Party was a group that practiced totalitarian methods.
  • J: Japan's Grievances

    J: Japan's Grievances
    Complaints toward the U.S and western powers about how caucasian people control too much land in Asia when their population is not grand in their country. Also how the powers would not let them gain land for resources which were needed.
  • WP: Washington Conference

    WP: Washington Conference
    A gathering of the biggest naval powers to stabilize and disarm naval arms to release tension in East Asia and the Pacific. Conference resulted in the Four-Power Treaty, Five-Power Treaty and the Nine-Power Treaty.
  • J: Nine Power Treaty

    J: Nine Power Treaty
    Similar to the Lang-Ishii Agreement, this treaty guaranteed the open door policy (equal opportunity to trade with China) in China. Treaty was signed by the U.S., Belgium, Great Britain, France, Italy, Netherlands, Japan, Portugal and China.
  • I: Mussolini Appointed Prime Minister

    I: Mussolini Appointed Prime Minister
    Italy seemed to be slipping into political chaos. The Black Shirts marched on Rome and Mussolini presented himself as the only man capable of restoring order. Therefore he was appointed prime minister.
  • G: Beer Hall Putsch

    G: Beer Hall Putsch
    Adolf Hitler and his followers staged the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, a failed takeover of the government in Bavaria, a state in southern Germany.
  • J: Cut off Immigration in Asia

    J: Cut off Immigration in Asia
    U.S Congress passed rules cutting of immigration from Asia. Asians were unable to obtain a U.S citizenship. Left many people in Asia hopeless with a dark future. Asia took this legislation as an insult
  • WP: Dawes Plan

    WP: Dawes Plan
    Plan created by the Western Powers so Germany can clear their reparations.
  • World: Great Depression

    World: Great Depression
    After multiple economic failures such as the stock market crash on Black Tuesday, previous bank failures and the reduction in purchasing across the board, the world faced an economic downturn during an industrialized period. Many citizens were jobless and broke.
  • J: Mukden Incident

    J: Mukden Incident
    Japan fakes a claim saying that China is threat to their railways and other land in the Manchurian region, therefore, they have an excuse to invade Manchuria. Ultimately the Japanese stage an attack on railway and conquer Manchuria.
  • G: Totalitarianism

    G: Totalitarianism
    No privacy was given to German society. Religion, Education, Art/Literature, was heavily monitored.
  • G: Hitler becomes Chancellor

    G: Hitler becomes Chancellor
    To please the unruly crowd of Germany, the government appointed Hitler chancellor.
  • J: Japan leaves League of Nations

    J: Japan leaves League of Nations
    Japan was not satisfied with the League of Nations.They expected more as victors from WW1 ($$ and raw materials) and Japan felt restricted with the land they could not conquer.
  • G: Germany leaves League of Nations

    G: Germany leaves League of Nations
    Due to all the restrictions from the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany left the League of Nations. Many so this as a threat but Hitler gave an excuse that Germany was already disarmed, while other countries were refusing to disarm.
  • G: Germany's Rearmament

    G: Germany's Rearmament
    After the Treaty of Versailles, Germany began to rebuild their army secretly until they made it public in 1935. Many nationalists supported this movement.
  • I: Mussolini Invades Ethiopia

    I: Mussolini Invades Ethiopia
    Mussolini, the Fascist leader of Italy, had adopted Adolf Hitler's plans to expand their countries territory therefore Italy invaded Ethiopia.
  • I: Mussolini and Hitler

    I: Mussolini and Hitler
    Italy becomes allied with Nazi party Germany.
  • G: Hitler's Series of Invasions

    G: Hitler's Series of Invasions
    With his new army built, Hitler defies the Treaty of Versailles and invades Poland and the precious Rhineland, an area of peace (buffer zone).
  • G: Munich Agreement

    G: Munich Agreement
    Agreement signed by France, Italy, UK and Germany that allowed Germany to annex portions of Czechoslovakia so that they would no longer be invaded a lot of land. Would be known as Sudetenland.
  • WP: Britain + France Declare War on Germany

    WP: Britain + France Declare War on Germany
    After Germany disobeys the multiple boundaries set by the League of Nations (mainly consisted of Western Powers), Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.
  • G: Bohemia and Moravia

    G: Bohemia and Moravia
    Several leaders left to find land. Hitler turned to Czecho-Slovakia. Pressure from other neighbors demanding annexation of other regions and Slovak separatist movements domestically left Czecho-Slovakia weak.
  • I: Italy invades Greece

    I: Italy invades Greece
    In attempt to gain territory, Mussolini invades Greece but this proves to be a bad decision due to their defeat.