Adolf Hitler becomes supreme ruler of Germany. He is the leader of the Nazi Party. Born in Austria.
Hitler pledges to undo the Treaty of Versailles
Hitler broke the Treaty over Germany’s armed forces. He was claiming that the recent treaty between France and Russia threatened Germany’s safety.
Germany, Italy, Japan form pact known as Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact, which became known as the Axis alliance.
Italy invades Ethiopia
The aim of invading Ethiopia was to boost Italian national prestige, which was wounded by Ethiopia's defeat.
Germany annexes Austria.
Austria existed as a federal state of Germany until the end of World War II, when the Allied powers declared the Anschluss void and reestablished an independent Austria.
Germany breaks the Munich Agreement and occupies the rest of Czech lands.
The German Army seized the rest of Czechoslovakia. In taking this action Adolf Hitler broke the Munich Agreement. Chamberlain, now realized that Hitler could not be trusted and his appeasement policy now came to an end.
Germany, italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich Agreement. (Appeasement)
British and French prime ministers Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier sign the Munich Pact with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler.
Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Nazi-Soviet Pact, dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence.
Ribbentrop several times telephoned Hitler, who was nervously awaiting news at his country estate in Bavaria. Finally, in the early hours of August 23, Ribbentrop called to say that everything had been settled.
Germany invades Poland
German forces bombard Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler seeks to regain lost territory and ultimately rule Poland. The German invasion of Poland was a primer on how Hitler intended to wage war–what would become the “blitzkrieg” strategy.
Honoring their support of Poland, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.
Britain’s response was initially no more than the dropping of anti-Nazi propaganda leaflets 13 tons of the over Germany.
Soviet Union invades Poland.
Soviet troops broke into Poland, they unexpectedly met up with German troops who had fought their way that far east in a little more than two weeks.
Refers to what happened in Western Europe between September 1939 and the spring of 1940. Name given to the period of time in World War II from September 1939 to April 1940 when, after the blitzkrieg attack on Poland in September 1939, seemingly nothing happened.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a group of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany
Germany invades Denmark and Norway
German warships enter major Norwegian ports, from Narvik to Oslo, deploying thousands of German troops and occupying Norway.
France falls and Germany controls Paris
Hitler accepted the French surrender in the same railway car in which the Germans had surrendered at the end of World War I.
Operation Sea Lion
Operation Sea lion was never carried out during the war as the Germans lost the Battle of Britain. This was an assault planned by Hitler.
North African Campaign
Italy invaded Egypt in September of 1940.Hitler's response to this loss was to send in the newly formed "Afrika Korps" led by General Erwin Rommel.
North African Campaign
Surrender of all Axis forces in North Africa
Fall of Italian Libya
Campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts
Britain defeats Germany in Operation Sea Lion
The British used radar to locate German pilots through fog. Also the Germans could not use Blitzkrieg because of Britain being island.
This was called, "The Night of Broken Glass." Which was when Nazis broke store windows, house windows, and sacred places of worship to make the Jews "move out"
Battle of Britain ends
Britain’s victory saved the country from Blitzkrieg and proving that air force is just as effective as ground infiltration
Germany invades the Soviet Union
Operation Barbarossa was the code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union. The permanent elimination of the Communist threat to Germany.
Germany invades the Soviet Union - Operation Barbarossa
The code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union. Hitler used Blitzkrieg. Decided to go through Balkans as well as Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary surrender.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
The Japanese planned their attack for over a year. Before they attacked the US had an oil embargo on them a year before the attack.
Battle of Midway Ends
A decisive naval battle. Japan targeted Midway Island 1,500 miles from Hawaii. Large US Air force located here that Japan wanted to disable. Japan lost 332 planes and 4 aircraft carriers.
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of the Guadalcanal was ran by Douglas MacArthur. He soon learned that Japan was building a huge air force base on the Island Guadalcanal. Allies wanted to strike before Japan.
Battle of Stalingrad
A major battle in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia. The Battle of Stalingrad forced Hitler to retreat which stopped him from expanding.
The invasion of Normandy, France. In 1944 Germans had been pushed back in the east by the Russians. Russia put pressure on the US and Britain to launch the invasion of France. Months and years of planning went into "Operation Overlord"
Germany officially surrendered to the Allies, bringing an end to the European conflict in World War II. The Nazis so called "gave up"
President Harry S. Truman. United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima the code name for this bomb was called "Little Boy."
Nagasaki was bomb by the US three days after Hiroshima was. The code name for the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki is called, "Fat Man."
The surrender of Imperial Japan was signed on September 2, 1945. the Imperial Japanese Navy was not following major operations like they should of.