America history 1800-1876

  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    was the acquisition of the territory of Louisiana by the United States from France in 1803. In return for fifteen million dollars, or approximately eighteen dollars per square mile, the United States nominally acquired a total of 828,000 sq mi.
  • James Madison

    James Madison
  • Congress debates going to war

    Americans were not united in their support for the War of 1812. In these two documents we hear from members of congress as they debate whether or not America should go to war against Great Britain
  • The War of 1812

    The War of 1812
    was a conflict fought between the United States and the United Kingdom, with their respective allies, from June 1812 to February 1815
  • Writing of the national anthem

    Writing of the national anthem
  • Abigail Bailey

    escapes an abusive relationship
  • James Monroe

  • Missouri Compromise

  • President Monroe outlines the Monroe Doctrine

    The spirit of Manifest Destiny had its corollary in an earlier piece of American foreign policy. Americans sought to remove colonizing Europeans from the western hemisphere. As Secretary of State for President James Monroe, John Quincy Adams crafted what came to be called the Monroe Doctrine. President Monroe outlined the principles of this policy in his seventh annual message to Congress, excerpted here.
  • Declaration of the Monroe Doctrine

    Declaration of the Monroe Doctrine
  • John Quincy Adams

  • Andrew Jackson

  • Nat Turner explains the Southampton rebellion

    Nat Turner led a group of enslaved and free black men in a rebellion that killed over fifty white men, women, and children. Nat Turner understood his rebellion as an act of God.
  • Samuel Morse fears a Catholic conspiracy

    Irish immigrants in the early nineteenth century filled jobs created by the Market Revolution. Their arrival provided an important source of labor for a growing economy, but many Americans worried about the influence of these arrivals. Samuel Morse, an inventor who contributed to the development of the telegraph and Morse Code, feared that Irish immigrants represented the front line of a Catholic conspiracy to destroy the United States.
  • Battle at the Alamo

    Battle at the Alamo
    The Battle of the Alamo was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna reclaimed the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar, killing the Texan and immigrant occupiers.
  • Martin Van Buren

  • Sarah Grimké calls for women’s rights

    Antebellum Americans increasingly confined middle-class white women to the home, where they were responsible for educating children and maintaining household virtue. Yet women used these ideas to become more active in the public sphere than ever before, taking prominent roles in all the major reform causes of the era. Women’s participation in the antislavery crusade most directly inspired specific women’s rights campaigns.
  • William Henry Harrison

  • The Rise of Industrial Labor in Antebellum America

  • John Tyler

  • John O’Sullivan

    a popular editor and columnist, articulated the long-standing American belief in the God-given mission of the United States to lead the world in the transition to democracy. He called this America’s “manifest destiny.”
  • James K. Polk

  • The fruit of alcohol and temperance

    This pair of lithographs, created by Nathaniel Currier (later of Currier & Ives fame), contrasts the “fruits” of abstaining from alcohol to those of indulging in strong drink. It leaves little to the imagination. Intemperance is symbolized by a diseased tree, surrounded by drunks outside of a pawn shop and a woman and her children being thrown out of their home. The lush foliage of temperance, on the other hand, is surrounded by prosperous church-going farm families.
  • Zachary Taylor

  • Millard Fillmore

  • Franklin Pierce

  • James Buchanan

  • Pun Chi Complains of racist abuse

    The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought a major influx of Asian immigrants to the new state. This number only grew after railroad companies turned to Chinese laborers to build western railroads. Life for these immigrants was particularly difficult, as even financially successful Chinese immigrants faced considerable discrimination. In 1860, the Chinese merchant Pun Chi drafted this petition to congress, calling on the legislature to do more to protect Chinese immigrants.
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point.
  • 13th Amendment Passed

    13th Amendment Passed
    Passed by congress and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate on April 8, 1864, and the House on January 31, 1865.
  • Lincoln was assassinated

    Lincoln was assassinated
    was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. ... After a dramatic initial escape, Booth was killed at the climax of a 12-day manhunt.
  • Andrew Johnson