America (1492-1850)

  • Period: Jan 1, 1492 to

    1492 - 1800

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus landed in the New World

    Christopher Columbus landed in the New World
    Columbus landed in the Bahamas. He named the island he landed on Hispanolia.
  • Oct 5, 1493

    Coloumbus returns to the New World

    Coloumbus returns to the New World
    but he did not reach the main land untill his third voyage in 1498
  • Jun 7, 1494

    the Treaty of Tordesillas

    the Treaty of Tordesillas
    treaty with Portugal. Secured Columbus's discovery, divided the Americas, giving Portugal the "heathen lands"
  • Sep 29, 1513

    Nunez Balboa

    Nunez Balboa
    he discovered the Pacific Ocean. he landed in Panama.
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    began Protestant Reformation
  • Jun 30, 1520

    Noche Triste

    Noche Triste
    the Aztec s attacked the Spanich and drove them out of the city
  • Nov 1, 1520

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    reached the tip of South America, and sailed through it
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Cortes laid siege against the Aztecs

    Cortes laid siege against the Aztecs
    he drained the city of its resources
  • Aug 13, 1521

    the conquering of the Aztec

    the conquering of the Aztec
    the spanish attacked the Aztec, and destroied the city
  • Nov 6, 1539

    Hernado de Soto

    Hernado de Soto
    explored the Florida marches and crossed the Mississippi River
  • Sep 4, 1551

    1st college in the English colonies

    1st college in the English colonies
    universities in Mexico City and Lima Peru were established
  • Jan 16, 1556

    King Philip II

    King Philip II
    Becomes the king of Spain
  • Jan 15, 1559

    Queen Elizabeth

    Queen Elizabeth
    becomes the first Protestant queen of England
  • Mar 8, 1580

    Francis Drake

    Francis Drake
    returned to England with a ship full of "booty" from the Spanish ships
  • Sir Walter Raleigh

    Sir Walter Raleigh
    landed on North Carolina's Roanoke Island
  • Edict of Nantes

    Edict of Nantes
    granted the Calvinist Protestants rights in a nation
  • James I

    James I
    James I becomes king of England
  • the Virginia Company of London

    the Virginia Company of London
    was founded and recieved a charter to settle in the New World
  • Jamestown

    about 100 men set sail to found Jamestown
  • the First Anglo-Powhatan

    the First Anglo-Powhatan
    ened when Pocahontas and John Rolfe were married, this was the 1st interacial marriage in Virgina
  • African Americans

    African Americans
    the first ones in Virgina
  • Mayflower

    the pilgrims set sail on this boat and landed in Plymouth
  • the 2nd Anglo-Powhatan

    the 2nd Anglo-Powhatan
    effectivly banished the Indians from Virgina
  • Maryland

    founded by Lord Baltimore
  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
    war with the Pequot Indians and the Massachusetts, Plymouth, Staybrook and their American Indian allies
  • Anne Huchinson

    Anne Huchinson
    she was bannished from the Massachusetts colony
  • Governor William Berkeley

    Governor William Berkeley
    replaced Sir Francis Wyatt as Governor of Virgina
  • Charles II

    Charles II
    Charles II is restored to the English throne
  • Nathaniel Bacon

    Nathaniel Bacon
    led a rebellion becaues the govoner would not protect the indentured servents from Indian raids
  • William Penn

    William Penn
    William Penn founds the colony of Pensylvania
  • Salem witch trials

    Salem witch trials
    in Massachusetts, where 3 young women accused women of being witches, 20 died
  • William and Mary College

    William and Mary College
    the college was fonded. it is the second college founded in the American colonies
  • New Orleans

    New Orleans
    founded by the french
  • Poor Richard's Almanack

    Poor Richard's Almanack
    written by Benjaman Franklin
  • Georgia

    founded by John Oglethorpe, exact date unknown, last of the 13 origional colonies
  • Great Awakening

    Great Awakening
    strated by Jonathan Edwards
  • George Whitefield

    George Whitefield
    spred the Great Awakening
  • French and Indian war

    French and Indian war
    also known as the 7 years war, the start of the war
  • Battle of Quebec

    Battle of Quebec
    battle in the 7 years war
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    the end of the 7 years war, ended with the Tready of Paris
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    sugar act taxes colonists for the French and Indian War
  • Navigation Laws

    Navigation Laws
    the Navigation LAws started to be inforced, causing the colonists to smuggle
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    the Stamp Act taxes were on printed papers and documents
  • The Sons of Liberty

    The Sons of Liberty
    the Sons of Liberty came together for taxation without representation
  • Quarting Act

    Quarting Act
    the Quarting Act required colonists to provide food and housing for British troops
  • Repeal

    Parliament repeals the Stamp Act
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    the Townshend acts put an import duty on glass, white lead, paper, and tea
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    provoked British soldiers opened fire and killed 7 people
  • British East India Company

    British East India Company
    British East India Company had 7 million punds of tea unsold, so the crown gave them a monopoly on the tea trade
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    the Boston Tea PArty dumped 243 chests of tea into the Harbor
  • The First Continental Congress

    The First Continental Congress
    the First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia to protest King George
  • Battle of Saratago

    Battle of Saratago
    General Gates of the American Army defeat British General Buryogne in New York
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    the American Revolution Begins
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    the Second Continental Congress meets and names George Washington Commander and Chief of the American forces
  • Battle of Breeds Hill and Bunker Hill

    Battle of Breeds Hill and Bunker Hill
    the British againts the Americans in Boston
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    the Continental Congress adopts the first constitution, the Articles of Confederation
  • Revolutionary War

    Revolutionary War
    the War ends
  • Yorktown

    French and Maerican troops defeat the British
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris
    the Treaty of Paris is signed
  • Independence

    Britian recognizes American Independence
  • Settlers

    Ohio Compay od Associates moved to Ohio. Among them, Manasseh Culter was a Yale graduate.
  • Federalist Papers

    Federalist Papers
    One of the writers was Alexander Hamilton. the Federalist Papers was a set of 85 essays.
  • White House

    White House
    the White House was designed by James Hoban. In 1812 the British burned it to the ground.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    the bill of rights is a document that outlines a person's persional freedoms. the bill of rights is the first 10 amendments to the constitution.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    the moonshiners of America were angered by the excise tax the was hard for them to make money. Thus they refused to pay the tax.
  • Alien Act

    Alien Act
    this act gave the President to deport a person who posed a danger to the country. this was in responce to a possible war with France.
  • Sedition Act

    Sedition Act
    this was desined to suppress the Freedom of Speech and Press. Anyone who disobeyed was going to be put into jail.
  • Naturaization Act

    Naturaization Act
    required immigrants to be in the country for 14 years. before this it was 5.
  • Jefferson becomes President

    Jefferson becomes President
    Jefferson beats Adams for presidency. He had 73 eclectorial votes.
  • Railroads

    In the Eastern US railroads went into use. the first ailroads were hourse-drawn.
  • Library of Congress

    Library of Congress
    Congress establishes a Library of congress. it was destroied when the british burned the Capitol.
  • Judiciary Act of 1801

    Judiciary Act of 1801
    also called the Midnight Judges Act. Decressed the amout of judges and shorted their serving time.
  • John Marshall

    John Marshall
    John Marshall is appointed as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. He oversaw the Marbury v. Madison case. he came up with judicial review.
  • Stone building

    Stone building
    In the Ohip capitol of Chillicothe. It is the first stone building in Northwast Territory is erected.
  • Tripolitan War Begins

    Tripolitan War Begins
    It was fought in the area of Tripoli. it ended after 4 years.
  • Treaty of Amiens

    Treaty of Amiens
    this treaty was between the French and the Spanish. where the two reached a kind of peace agreement.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    this land was purchaced from France. It more than doubled the U.S.
  • Lewis and Clark expedition

    Lewis and Clark expedition
    Lewis and Clark began an expedition to explore the newly purchesed land. they travled about 20 miles a day.
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark
    Th men encountered indians for the first time in what is now near Nebraska. they were friendly and helped the men and their crew.
  • The War of 1812

    The War of 1812
    When British ships started to harass american merchant ships, which led to the the Embargo Act. America tried to take Canada.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Andrew Jackson beccoms famous here. Fought in Louisinana.
  • "Era of Good Feelings"

    "Era of Good Feelings"
    One-party system with the election of James Monroe. Inadequatly named.
  • Election of 1824

    Election of 1824
    John Quincy Adams became president. John C. Calhoun as Vice-President.
  • Tariff of 1824

    Tariff of 1824
    this tariff was passed. it was prompted by Henery Clay. it was made to protect American industry
  • Death

    Thomas Jefferson and John Adams die. It is the 50th annerversay of the Declaration of Independence
  • Railroad

    1st in America. Completed in Quincy Mass.
  • Tariff of 1828

    Tariff of 1828
    Also known as "Tariff of Abominations". passed in Congress and signed by Adams
  • Election of 1828

    Election of 1828
    Andrew Jackson is elected President. Once again Calhoun is Vice-President
  • John C. Calhoun

    John C. Calhoun
    he wrote "South Carolina Exposition and Protest". it states that the Tariff of 1828 is unconstitutional.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Signed by President Jackson. required all indians to move west.
  • Bank of US

    Bank of US
    Bill to recharted the Bank. it was vetoed by Jackson. He said that it favors corporations
  • Force Bill

    Force Bill
    Jackson asks Congress to accept this. Gives him the ability to fix the Tariff to 1828 and 1832
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson
    he is inaugurated. Martin Van Bruen is inaugurated a Vice-President
  • South Carolina

    South Carolina
    threatends to succede. Jackson Issues a proclamation against it
  • Tariff of 1833

    Tariff of 1833
    this tariff is a compromise and was written by Clay. it pleases the south by gradual cutbacks
  • Pet Banks

    Pet Banks
    are established at this time. All funds from the Bank of US are transfered to these. there are 23.
  • John Marshall

    John Marshall
    the Chief Justice dies. he is replaced by Roger B. Taney.
  • Specie Circular

    Specie Circular
    issued by Jackson. only gold and silver my be used to buy government land
  • Election of 1836

    Election of 1836
    Martin Van Buren is elected President. Richard Johnson is elected Vice President
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson

    Ralph Waldo Emerson
    published "Nature". an essay that sparks ideas known as trancendentalism
  • President Harrison

    President Harrison
    dies one month after his inauguration speech. His vice-president John Tyler becomes president
  • Opium War

    Opium War
    the first war over Opium begins. It is between Britain and China
  • Texas

    Congress agrees to annexation of Texas. This adds a lot of land to America
  • War with Mexico

    War with Mexico
    America declares war with Mexico. California and New Mexico annexed by America.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    swarms of people form the eastern coast moved to california to seek gold. many came out poor
  • Henry Clay

    Henry Clay
    He debates on slavery. He warns Americans about South secession.
  • South African Republic

    South African Republic
    it was established. in South Africa
  • Uncle Toms Cabin

    Uncle Toms Cabin
    written by Harrit Beacher Stowe. the book as about a slave
  • Henry Clay

    Henry Clay
    Passes away after bing in 6 chapter of our book and never being President even though he ran multipul times
  • Kansas

    fights brok out between pro - and anti - slavery people. caused bleeding kansas
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott
    Supreme Court case. Ruled that a slave is not a citizen
  • Kansas

    pro-slavery constitution is not accepted, Lincoln makes a strong antislavery speech in Springfield Illonois
  • John Brown

    John Brown
    Brown raids Harpers Ferry. is captured and hung.
  • South Carolina

    South Carolina
    South Carolina secedes from the Union. This causes the Civil War
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    It begins when compromise fails. Seven staits secede, forming the Confederate States of America
  • Major Battles of the Civil War

    Major Battles of the Civil War
    Battle of Shiloh, Second Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Antietam, a major turning point in the civil war, it was the first battle where the South didn't come out on top
  • French

    The French capture Mexico City. The battle of Gettysburgh occurs, it is three days of brutal battle
  • Sherman

    General Sherman burns everything in his path. this was called Sherman's March to the Sea
  • Lee

    Confederat General Lee surrenders at Appomatics Court house. this marks the end of the Civil War
  • Lincoln

    Lincoln is killed by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's theator. His vice-president Johnson becomes president