AL-ANDALUS

  • Period: 700 to 900

    ORIGIN AND TRAINING OF THE CHRISTIANS KINGDOMS

    This staredt in the 8th Century and finished in the 10th Century.
  • 711

    BATTLE OF GUADALETE

    BATTLE OF GUADALETE
    King Godo Rodrigo was defeated in the forces of the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • Period: 711 to 756

    DEPENDENT EMIRATE

    Al-Andalus is part of the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • Period: 711 to 726

    MUSLIM CONQUEST OF THE IBERIAN PENINSULA

  • 712

    MUSLIM CONQUEST OF TOLEDO

    MUSLIM CONQUEST OF TOLEDO
    In the conquest, the conquerors were thrown out of the coast and mountains of present-day Asturias.
  • 722

    BATTLE OF COVADONGA

    BATTLE OF COVADONGA
    The Battle of Covadonga between the Asturian army of Don Pelayo and Al-Andalus troops that were defeated.
  • 732

    MUSLIM DEFEAT IN THE BATTLE OF POITIERS

    MUSLIM DEFEAT IN THE BATTLE OF POITIERS
    This battle halted the Muslim expansion northward from the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 750

    THE ABBASIDS

    THE ABBASIDS
    They overthrow the last Umayyad caliph in Damascus, moving the capital to Baghdad.
  • 756

    EMIR OF CÓRDOBA

    EMIR OF CÓRDOBA
    The Umayyad prince Abd ar-Rahman I defeats the governor of Al-Andalus, and becomes Emir of Córdoba.
  • Period: 756 to 929

    INDEPENDENT EMIRATE

    The Emirate of Córdoba is governed by the Umayyad dynasty.
    It is independent from the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad.
    The Emirate becomes more prosperous.
  • 830

    THE CREATION OF THE KINGDOM OF PAMPLONA

    THE CREATION OF THE KINGDOM OF PAMPLONA
    It was created in the north of Navarra and it first king was Íñigo Arista.
  • 929

    ABD AL-RAHMAN III PROCLAIMS HIMSELF CALIPH

    ABD AL-RAHMAN III PROCLAIMS HIMSELF CALIPH
    Under the mandate of Abd al-Rahman III Córdoba became a true beacon of civilization and culture.
  • Period: 929 to 1031

    CALIPHATE OF CÓRDOBA

    During the Caliphate, Córdoba is one of the biggest and most important cities in the world.
  • 932

    INDEPENDENCE OF CASTILLA COUNTY

    INDEPENDENCE OF CASTILLA COUNTY
    The county of Castilla was a geographical area that was part of the kingdom of Asturias and the kingdom of León until it took the form of an autonomous State in 932
  • Period: 1000 to 1100

    STRENGTHENING OF THE CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS

    This started in the 11th Century and finished in the 12th Century.
  • Period: 1001 to 1101

    CONSOLIDATION OF CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS

    Throughout the XII and XIII centeries the consolation of the peninsular christian kingdoms occurs.
  • 1031

    TAIFAS

    TAIFAS
    The Caliphate disintegrates into several smaller kingdoms called Taifas
  • Period: 1031 to 1212

    TAIFAS AND NORTH AFRICAN RULERS

    The Taifas are not strong enough to resist the Christian kings. They ask for help from the Almoravids, who are Berbers from Morocco. The Almoravids take control of Al-Andalus.
    Later another group from North Africa, the Almohads, take over from the Almoravids.
  • Period: 1031 to 1492

    ADVANCE OF THE CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS

  • 1035

    DEATH OF SANCHO III "THE MAJOR" OF PAMPLONA

    DEATH OF SANCHO III "THE MAJOR" OF PAMPLONA
    He died in La Bureba a town of Castilla and León.
  • 1037

    THE KINGDOM OF CASTILLA ANNEXES THE KINGDOM OF LION

    THE KINGDOM OF CASTILLA ANNEXES THE KINGDOM OF LION
    The kingdom of León was an independent medieval kingdom located in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 1043

    RODRIGO DÍAZ DE VIVAR "EL CID"

    RODRIGO DÍAZ DE VIVAR "EL CID"
    He was a Castilian military leader who came to dominate the Levante of the Iberian Peninsula at the end of his 11th century as an independent lord over the authority of any king.
  • 1085

    MILITARY EXPEDITIONS

    MILITARY EXPEDITIONS
    Al-Mansur did some military expeditions.
  • 1086

    CONQUER OF TOLEDO BY THE CHRISTIANS

    CONQUER OF TOLEDO BY THE CHRISTIANS
    Taifas are not strong enough to resist the soldiery of Christian king Alfonso VI.
  • Oct 23, 1086

    BATTLE OF ZALACA

    BATTLE OF ZALACA
    The battle of Zalaca was next to Badajoz. The battle was betwen Alofonso's VI christian soldiery and the Almoravids.
  • 1094

    CONQUEST OF VALENCIA

    CONQUEST OF VALENCIA
    The Cid conquest Valencia (15/06/1094).
  • 1118

    CONQUEST OF ZARAGOZA BY ALFONSO II

    CONQUEST OF ZARAGOZA BY ALFONSO II
    He snatched Zaragoza from almoravids.
  • 1128

    ALFONSO ENRÍQUEZ MAKES THE KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL INDEPENDENT

    ALFONSO ENRÍQUEZ MAKES THE KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL INDEPENDENT
    Alfonso Enríquez was the second count of Portugal and in 1139 he became the first king of Portugal.
  • 1137

    MARRIAGE BETWEEN PETRONILA OF ARAGON AND RAMÓN BERENGUER IV

    MARRIAGE BETWEEN PETRONILA OF ARAGON AND RAMÓN BERENGUER IV
    She was the queen of Aragon and the countess of Barcelona. He was the count of Barcelona, Gerona, Osona and Cerdaña. This marriage joined the Crown of Aragon.
  • 1147

    THE ALMOHADS

    THE ALMOHADS
    The Almohads, another group of North Africa, take over from the Almoravids, and they take control.
  • 1164

    MARRIAGE BETWEEN PETRONILA DE ARAGÓN AND RAMÓN BERENGUER IV

    MARRIAGE BETWEEN PETRONILA DE ARAGÓN AND RAMÓN BERENGUER IV
    Petronila de Aragón was queen of Aragon between 1157 and 1164 and countess consort of Barcelona between 1162 and 1164.
  • Period: 1201 to 1401

    NAZARI KINGDOM OF GRANADA

    The Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, also known as the Emirate of Granada, was a Muslim state located in the south of the Iberian peninsula, with capital in the city of Granada, which existed during the Middle Ages.
  • Period: 1201 to 1401

    THE GREAT EXPANSION OF THE CHRISTIAN KINGDOMS

    Reconquest is the period in the history of the Iberian peninsula between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania and the fall of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada before the expanding Christian kingdoms.
  • 1212

    BATLLE OF NAVAS DE TOLOSA

    BATLLE OF NAVAS DE TOLOSA
    70.000 christians soldiers defeated 120.000 musilims soldiers in the north of Jaén. That victory was the start of the Reconquest.
  • Period: 1212 to 1492

    KINGDOM OF GRANADA

    Granada is the only Muslim kingdom left in the Iberian Peninsula, ruled by the Nasrid Dynasty. It covers the modern provinces of Málaga, Granada and Almería.
  • 1213

    DEFEAT OF PEDRO II DE ARAGON IN THE BATTLE OF MURET

    DEFEAT OF PEDRO II DE ARAGON IN THE BATTLE OF MURET
    This battle was the decisive factor in the Albigensian crusade. And the death of Pedro II of Aragon.
  • 1213

    PEDRO II DE ARAGÓN IS DEFEATED IN THE BATTLE OF MURET

    PEDRO II DE ARAGÓN IS DEFEATED IN THE BATTLE OF MURET
    Pedro II of Aragon lost his life when he was defeated by Simón de Monfort in the battle of Muret.
  • 1230

    FINALLY UNION OF THE KINGDOMS OF CASTILLA AND LEÓN

    FINALLY UNION OF THE KINGDOMS OF CASTILLA AND LEÓN
    The history of the two kingdoms of Castile and León came together again in 1230 when Fernando III el Santo received from his mother Berengue the kingdom of Castile and from his deceased father Alfonso IX of León.
  • 1238

    CONQUER OF VALENCIA BY JAIME I OF ARAGON

    CONQUER OF VALENCIA BY JAIME I OF ARAGON
    They conquered the most of the territory of the actual Valencia to the Crown of Aragon
  • 1282

    PEDRO III "EL GRANDE" DE ARAGÓN INCORPORATES SICILY

    PEDRO III "EL GRANDE" DE ARAGÓN INCORPORATES SICILY
    Pedro III of Aragon, called the Great, was the son of Jaime I the Conqueror and his second wife Violante of Hungary.
  • 1492

    CONQUEST OF GRANADA

    CONQUEST OF GRANADA
    Granada was conquest by the Catholic Kings (Isabel I and Fernando II). Before the conquest, Granada was in hands of Boabdil.