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Catherine's All About Nepal Timeline

  • 400

    Licchavi Dynasty

    Licchavi Dynasty
    From 400-750 C.E. the Licchavi Dynasty was the first kingdom to be in power of Nepal, and had the longest recorded reign. They set the foundation for Nepal, building temples, and creating a thriving culture.
  • 450

    Buddhism Becomes Established Religion

    Buddhism Becomes Established Religion
    During the reign of the Licchavis, Buddhism became an established religion and spread throughout Nepal in art and writing. This was known as the Golden Age. The buddha, or enlightened one, Siddhartha Gautama, was born in Nepal, so Buddhism has remained their primary religion to this day.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    The Rise of Hinduism

    The Rise of Hinduism
    During the 11th Century, southern Nepal was predominantly under control by the Chalukkya Empire from southern India. The Indian dynasty gave more power to Hinduism causing the main religious establishment of Buddhism to fall. However, a few centuries later, Buddhism prevailed yet again and has remained the main religion.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    Kathmandu Created in Malla Rule

    Kathmandu Created in Malla Rule
    After the fall of the Licchavis, the Malla Dynasty took control of Nepal. They developed trade, commerce, industry, art, and architecture. They built the prosperous city of Kathmandu and Nepal's most ancient temple, Swayambhunath. The empire experienced many expansions, and eventually divided into three separate kingdoms in the 13th Century.
  • Nepal and Kathmandu are United

    Nepal and Kathmandu are United
    King Prithvi Narayan Shah " The Founder of Nepal" defeated King Jaya Prakash Malla of the Kathmandu Valley, thus ascending the throne of Kathmandu, after having successfully united other rival kingdoms, and marking the transition from the Malla to the Shah Dynasty. As a result, the valley became the capital of the unitied nation of Nepal.
  • Anglo-Nepalese War

    Anglo-Nepalese War
    The Anglo-Nepalese War (Nepal vs. Britain) ended in the victory of the British in 1816. As a result, Nepal signed the Treaty of Sagauli, which reduced their amount of territory to hand over to the British. This map depicts the territorial effects of Nepal after the treaty.
  • Nepal Gains Independence!

    Nepal Gains Independence!
    Nepal signed a Treaty of Friendship with Britain that declared Nepal's independence, thus ending the Treaty of Sagauli and all British rule of Nepal.
  • First President

    First President
    Ram Baran Yadav of the Nepali Congress Party became Nepal's first President. This was just 2 months after Nepal was declared a republic, ending the centuries old reign of a king and monarchy.