Rococo is an artistic style of the early 18th century characterized by fanciful curved asymmetrical forms and elaborate ornamentation, derived from Baroque. Jean-Honore Fragonard, The Swing, 1766
Neo-Classical art which focused on a revival or adaptation of classical antiquity. Jacques-Louis Davis, Oath of The Horatii, 1784-1785
Romanticism is a literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by an emphasis on the imagination and emotions and a refusal of industrialization. Eugene Delacroix , Liberty Leading the People: July 28, 1830, 1830
Realism was characterized by the representation in art or literature of objects, actions, or social conditions as they actually are, without idealization or presentation in abstract form. Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863
Photography is the process of producing images of objects, landscapes or portraits on photosensitive surfaces, and then printing them, either for recording or art works.
Henry Fox Talbot, The Open Door, 1843
Impressionism is a style of painting originating and developed in France, characterized by concentration on the immediate visual impression produced by a scene and by the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Moulin De La Galette, 1876
Post-Impressionism is a style of artwork that followed Impressionism. Practitioners of this style discarded a concern with light and nature in favour of exploring geometric form and symbolic content.
Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889
Expressionism is a movement in the arts that emphasized subjective expression of the artist's inner experiences.
Edvard Munch, The Scream,1893
Fauvism was a movement in painting begun by a group of French artists and marked by the use of bold, often distorted forms and vivid colors.
Cubism is an artistic movement characterized by the depiction of natural forms as geometric structures of planes, and the analytical quality of subjects.
Pablo Picasso, Weeping Woman,1937
Futurism is an artistic movement predominately in Italy that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age and supported the theory that life should be sought in the future.
Gino Severini, Armored Train In Action, 1915
Dadaism was a protest art movement which expressed their outrage at the destruction brought about by World War I by revolting against numerous forms of social convention, based on irrationality and negation of the accepted laws of beauty.
Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917
Bauhaus is a style in modernist architecture and modern design. Its philosophy centered on austere functionalism - no ornamentation - and the use of industrial materials and inter disciplinary methods and techniques.
The International style of architecture was a theory consisting of an emphasis on volume over form, asymmetrical compositions, and avoidance of ornamentation.
Frank Lloyd Wright, Falling Water, 1935
Surrealism is a movement in art where artists attempted to give visual representation to dreams, fantasies, and the unconscious mind. Surrealist often used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams.
Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931
Abstract Expressionism is a style and movement of non-representational painting where artists apply paint quickly and forcefully to express feeling and emotion. Associated with action painting, emotion was expressed with the action of the painter.
Jackson Pollock, Autumn Rhythm (Number 30), 1950
Post Modernism is a term used to describe the period of art which followed the modern period. The term implies a shift away from the formal rigors of the modernists, toward the conceptual.
Cindy Sherman, Untitled-#225, 1990
Pop Art is a genre of art that uses elements of popular culture; often uses techniques from commercial art and advertising, and striving to represent the superficiality of society.
Roy Lichtenstein, Oh, Jeff… I Love You, Too… But…,1964
Performance art is art in which the actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time constitute the work.
Carolee Schneemann, Meat Joy, 1964
Assemblage is an artistic process in which an artistic composition is made from putting together found objects, so together they create an emotion, or concept.
Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959
Conceptual Art is the form of art relating to or concerned with concepts; abstract forms and their meanings, a thought behind the form.
Joseph Kosuth, One And Three Chairs, 1965
The feminist art movement refers to the efforts and accomplishments of women internationally to make art that reflects women's lives and experiences, as well as to comment on the social role of women.
Ana Mendieta, Untitled, From The Tree Of Life Series, 1977
Minimalism is an art movement in sculpture and painting that emphasizes extreme simplification of form and color.
Robert Morris, Untitled (Mirror Cube), 1965-1971
Land art is a type of art that uses raw materials such as earth, rocks, soil, as its media.
Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970