California Gold Rush

  • There's gold in them there hills!

    There's gold in them there hills!
    John Marshall discovers a gold nugget while working at Sutter's Mill. Soon, word spread across the country, drawing treasure seekers from far and wide.
  • Period: to

    California Gold Rush

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo makes California a territory of the United States of America. Formerly, California was a Mexican territory.
  • Gold Fever!

    Gold Fever!
    President Polk tells Congress about the gold in California. Gold fever spreads even further and faster. Everyone wants to find wealth in California.
  • Moving West

    Moving West
    Gold seekers travel by land and sea to arrive in California during 1849. These travelers are often called the '49ers.
  • Taxes!

    California legislature passes the Foreign Miners' Tax, which states that every miner not from the United States, must pay a tax of $20 a month to stay in California.
  • California becomes a state

    California becomes a state
    California becomes the thirty-first state of the country.
  • Tax repealed

    Tax repealed
    Because of violence and protest from the miners, the Foreign Miners' Tax is repealed by the state.
  • Growing and growing and growing

    Growing and growing and growing
    California's non-native population is 250,000 people. It was around 15,000 before the gold rush.
  • Taxed, again

    Taxed, again
    Foreign Miners' Tax is back, but reduced from $20 a month to $3.
  • Taxes change, again!

    Taxes change, again!
    The Foreign Miners' Tax is raised to $6. There are more than 25,000 Chinese immigrants in California, which all must pay this tax.
  • Hydraulic mining

    Hydraulic mining
    By the mid-1850s, hydraulic mining uses water to reach gold lying deep beneath the surface. Soil is washed away, flooding streams and rivers, and ruining farmland.