Genocides of the Twentieth Century

  • King Leopold and the Congo

    King Leopold and the Congo
    King Leopold the Second came into power in 1865 and ruled until 1909. During this time, he expanded to Africa, mainly the Congo region. Congo had an abundant amount of rubber and in the late 1890's, rubber was the demanding material at that time. King Leopold issued that every Congoese must obtain a certain quota of rubber each day. Many worked to death and others had their hands cut off. Death tolls varies from 2 million to 15 million as records were not kept.
  • Armenian Genocide

    Armenian Genocide
    The Armenian Genocide occured during and after the First World War. The Ottoman Empire, the Empire in control of Turkey at that time, entered World War 1 with the Central Powers. On April 24, 1915, Red Sunday, all Turkish members in the Ottoman Capital were arrested and deported. The following day, the Armenians were rounded up; some were sent on death marches, and some were suffocated. Approximately 2 million people were killed during this genocide.
  • The Holocaust

    The Holocaust
    On March of 1933, the first of many concentration camps opened. Hitler, who became the president of Germany, systematically rounded all Jewish people and sent them to concentration camps. After being sent to concetration camps, the Jewish people were given minimal food and were put into labour. Everyday, the Germans would use Zyklon B, a type of poison gas, and killing thousands of Jewish people. Total death toll against the Jewish population were 6,000,000 out of the total 11,000,000.
  • Nanking Massacre

    Nanking Massacre
    The Nanking Massacre took place during the second Sino-Japanese War. The Chinese men were murdered in many ways: shot to death, decapitated, and castrated. Chinese women were raped over and over again and the children was usually thrown into the air and were stabbed by bayonets. All information were kept secret until the Japanese surrender in 1945 during World War 2. Death tolls reached the tens of thousands and 20,000-80,000 women were raped.
  • Cambodian Genocide

    Cambodian Genocide
    Khmer Rouge, a communist guerilla organization from the southern jungles of Cambodia, overthrew the Cambodian government in 1975. The leader of the Khmer Rouge, Pol Pot, wanted to cleanse the land of impure blood of Cambodia, restoring Cambodia to pure blood Cambodians. Approximately 2 million people were killed through inhumane ways.
  • Killing in Kurdistan

    Killing in Kurdistan
    Kurdistan is a region of Iraq. During the Gulf War, the Kurds were helping Iran fight against Iraq. In 1988, Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, unleached a series of gas attacks against the Kurds. This displaced 1.5 million Kurds, 65,000 of which Kurds fled to Turkey and survivors described these attacks as burning, blinding clouds of poison. Death tolls reached 180,000.
  • Bosnian Genocide

    Bosnian Genocide
    Yugoslavia, former nation of Serbia, Croatia and Slovinia, was on the verge of breaking up. Bosnia, mainly Muslims, wanted split from Serbia but the Serbs in Bosnia did not comply. The victims were mostly the Muslim civilians; About 200,000 were killed and thousands of people were put into concentration camps. This was the only genocide the Americans intervened because American civilians in Serbia were publicly humiliated.
  • Rwandan Genocide

    Rwandan Genocide
    Rwanda was once under the control of the Belgians. Over the years, the Belgians favoured the Tutsis and the Hutus were furious. On April 6, 1994, the day after the assassination of Juvenal Habyarimana, the Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis with machettes, hacking neighbours, friends, and even children. Death tolls reached 800, 000 in 100 days.
  • Ugandan Genocide

    Ugandan Genocide
    The regimes of the power hungry Milton Obote, and the "Reign of Terror" of the notorious Idi Amin have been major causes of these happenings. Even after the end of the Idi Amin regime, the ones who call themselves, the Lord's Resistance Army, started to inflict violence on the members of the Acholi tribe. They would kidnap Alcholi children and turn them into child soldiers. Approximately 300,000 people died.
  • Darfur Genocide

    Darfur Genocide
    The conflict in Darfur began in February of 2003. Rebels of the Sudan government tried to overthrow the government. In response, the Sudanese government had an agreement with the Janjaweed, which literally translate to evil men on horse back, and began burning villages and shooting down the Locals of Darfur. Approximately 2 million people are deported and hundreds of thousands were killed. Refugees are currently at the border of Chad.