Timeline of Gabon By sk111592 Jan 1, 1470 Portuguese Arrive Portuguese arrive in what is now Gabon. Jan 1, 1839 French Control Local Mpongwe ruler signs away sovereignty to the French. Jan 1, 1910 Gabon Goes French Gabon becomes part of French Equatorial Africa. Jan 1, 1958 Gabon Wants Independence Gabon votes to become autonomous republic in the French Community. Jan 1, 1960 Gabon Gets Independence Gabon becomes independent. Jan 1, 1961 New President Leon Mba elected president. Jan 1, 1967 Mba's Death Omar Bongo becomes president after Mba dies. Jan 1, 1990 Oppposition to the Government Opposition parties legalised, accuse the government of fraud in parliamentary elections held in September and October. Jan 1, 1991 Constituition Parliament adopts a new constitution that formalises the multi-party system. Jan 1, 1993 Bongo Stays President Omar Bongo narrowly wins presidential election, the first held under the new multi-party constitution; opposition accuses government of electoral fraud. Jan 1, 1998 Bongo Re-elected Again Bongo re-elected to a seven-year term. Jul 1, 2003 Constitution Amended Constitution changed to allow President Bongo to run for president as many times as he wishes. Nov 1, 2005 Omar Re-elected Once Again Omar Bongo is re-elected as president. Opposition supporters clash with police in the capital. Feb 1, 2006 Gabon talks with Equatorial Guinea on Land-Oil Agreement Gabon and Equatorial Guinea agree to start talks over disputed islands in potentially oil-rich waters in the Gulf of Guinea. Dec 1, 2006 Bongo Win's Parliamentary Elections President Bongo's party wins parliamentary elections comfortably amid opposition accusations of fraud. Jan 1, 2008 Government Ban Government temporarily bans 20 non-governmental organisations for alleged interference in politics. Feb 1, 2009 French Freeze Bongo French court freezes President Omar Bongo's bank accounts in the country after he was ordered to return a payment made to him to release a jailed French businessman, Rene Cardona. Jun 1, 2009 Bongo Dies President Omar Bongo dies while undergoing treatment at a clinic in Spain. Sep 1, 2009 Presidential Election Ali Ben Bongo, son of the late president, is declared winner. Critics say the poll was fixed to ensure a dynastic succession, and opposition supporters clash with security forces.