America, Baseball, Houston Astro History

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    American History

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    Major League History Line

  • Battle of San Jacinto

    Battle of San Jacinto
    The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the Texas Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican forces in a fight that lasted just eighteen minutes. About 700 of the Mexican soldiers were killed and 730 captured, while only nine Texans died.]
    Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war. T
  • First Electrical Telegraph

    First Electrical Telegraph
    Samuel F. B. Morse conceived of an electromagnetic telegraph in 1832 and constructed an experimental version in 1835. He did not construct a truly practical system until 1844, when he built a line from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.
    This model incorporates basic features of the 1844 receiver. It accompanied an application for a patent, granted in 1849, in which he described a method for marking dots and dashes on paper.
    Within ten years after the first telegraph line opened, 23,000 miles of
  • 1st Baseball Game

    1st Baseball Game
    The first baseball game was played in New Jersey between the New York Nine and the Knickerbockers.
  • 1st Baseball Game: Black Teams

    1st Baseball Game: Black Teams
    The first baseball game between two named black teams was held on at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey. The Weeksville of New York beat the Colored Union Club 11–0.
  • American Civil War Begins

    American Civil War Begins
    On April 12, 1861, at 4:30 a.m., Confederate batteries opened fire, firing for 34 straight hours, on the fort. Edmund Ruffin, noted Virginian agronomist and secessionist, claimed that he fired the first shot on Fort Sumter. His story has been widely believed, but Lieutenant Henry S. Farley, commanding a battery of two mortars on James Island fired the first shot at 4:30 A.M. (Detzer 2001, pp. 269–71).
  • William Hulbert: National League

    William Hulbert: National League
    William Ambrose Hulbert (October 23, 1832 – April 10, 1882) was one of the founders of the National League, recognized as baseball's first major league, and was also the president of the Chicago White Stockings franchise.A backer of the Chicago White Stockings baseball club of the National Association from its inception in 1871, Hulbert became an officer of the club in 1874 when it resumed play after being forced to sit out two seasons due to the Great Chicago Fire.
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn

    Battle of the Little Bighorn
    The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also known as Custer's Last Stand and, by the Native Americans involved, the Battle of the Greasy Grass, was an armed engagement between combined forces of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho people against the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. It occurred on June 25 and June 26, 1876, near the Little Bighorn River in eastern Montana Territory, near what is now Crow Agency, Montana
  • Electric Bulb

    Electric Bulb
    After many attempts, Thomas A. Edison "invented" the incandescent electric bulb that could burn for 40 hours.
  • 1st Baseball Game under the Lights

    1st Baseball Game under the Lights
    With the invention of the electrical light and carbon arc lamps of considerable power, the promoters of these contrivances cast their eyes upon baseball. Why not play it at night?
    So the Boston press was invited to Nantasket Beach, Massachusetts to see the first trial on September 2, 1880.
    36 carbon lamps were placed in communication with a dynamo-electric generator, operated by a 30 HP engine. The total illuminating power being announced as 90,000 candles, or 30,000 candles for each tower.
  • American League Formed

    American League Formed
    The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. The league is often called the Junior Circuit because it was elevated to Major League status in 1901, 25 years after the formation of the National League (the "Senior Circuit").
  • 1st World Series

    1st World Series
    The first modern World Series to be played in Major League Baseball matched the Boston "Americans"/Pilgrims against the Pittsburgh Pirates, with Boston prevailing five games to three.
  • Wright Brothers

    Wright Brothers
    The Wright brothers, Orvile and Wilbur, make the first controlled, powered, heavier-than-air human flight.
  • Cy Young Perfect Game

    Cy Young Perfect Game
    Cy Young (Boston American/Red Sox) pitched first perfect game of modern era and AL history vs. Philadelphia Athletics
  • Mills Commission & Abner Doubleday

    Mills Commission & Abner Doubleday
    The "Mills Commission" featured Mills & 6 prominent men: Morgan G. Bulkeley, the NL's first president in 1876; Arthur P. Gorman, a former player & ex-president of the Washington Base Ball Club; Nicholas E. Young, the first secretary & fifth president of the NL; Alfred J. Reach & George Wright, sporting goods distributors & 2 of the most famous players of their day; & James Edward Sullivan, president of the Amateur Athletic Union.Its found that Abner Doubleday originate baseball in Cooperstown.
  • Take Me Out to the Ballgame

    Take Me Out to the Ballgame
    “Take Me Out to the Ballgame” was written by Jack Norworth while riding on a New York City subway train. It was later set to music by Albert Von Tilzer. Neither had ever seen a baseball game.
  • Ford Motor Company

    Ford Motor Company
    Henry Ford, the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production, paid his workers $5.00 a day, doubling their pay.
  • WW I

    WW I
    On April 6, 1917, the United States formally declared war against Germany and entered the conflict in Europe. Fighting since the summer of 1914, Britain, France, and Russia welcomed news that American troops and supplies would be directed toward the Allied war effort. Under the command of Major General John J. Pershing,
  • "Star-Spangled-Banner" 1st Played at BB Game

    "Star-Spangled-Banner" 1st Played at BB Game
    Game 1 of the 1918 World Series marked the first time "The Star Spangled Banner" was performed at a major league game. During the seventh inning stretch, the band began playing the song due to the fact the country was involved in World War I. Though the song was not named the national anthem until 1931, this game marked the first time it was played in any venue. The winning pitcher of Game 1 was none other than Babe Ruth, who pitched a shutout.
  • MassProduction: Transportation Changes

    MassProduction: Transportation Changes
    In early 1900’s mass production changed the face of transportation in America. In 1900, Americans owned 8,000 cars, by 1920, 8 million cars were owned.
  • The 19th Amendment

    The 19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment to the Constitution, granting women the right to vote, is signed into law.
  • 1st BB Game Under the Lights

    1st BB Game Under the Lights
    The first major league game between Cincinnati Reds vs. Philadelphia Phillies was played under electric lights at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.
  • Babe Ruth's Homerun Total

    Babe Ruth's Homerun Total
    Babe Ruth’s homerun total for career: 708
    1914-1935
    Babe Ruth hits his 60th homerun, setting a record of the most homeruns hit in a single season: Sept. 30, 1927
  • Baseball Hall of Fame Opens

    Baseball Hall of Fame Opens
  • Wizard of Oz & Gone With the Wind

    Wizard of Oz & Gone With the Wind
    The "Wizard of Oz" and "Gone with the Wind" movies premiers.
  • Pearl Harbor and WW II

    Pearl Harbor and WW II
    Japanese Navy launches a surprise attack consisting of two full rigiments on the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, thus drawing the USA into World War II
  • All-American Girls Prof. Baseball

    All-American Girls Prof. Baseball
    The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL), founded by Phillip Wrigley.
  • Jackie Robinson Major League Debut

    Jackie Robinson Major League Debut
    Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was the first black Major League Baseball (MLB) player of the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he debuted with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. As the first black man to play in the major leagues since the 1880s, he was instrumental in bringing an end to racial segregation in professional baseball,
  • Don Larson's Perfect Game World Series

    Don Larson's Perfect Game World Series
    Don Larson, New York Yankees, pitched the first and only perfect game in World Series history.
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    Houston Astros Baseball

  • Houston Colt .45s

    Houston Colt .45s
    then Senator.
    Judge Roy Hofheinz was a driving force behind the effort to obtain the Major League Baseball franchise for Houston, along with oilman Craig F. Cullinan, Jr. who had been involved with the failed attempted "Continental League" and who was chairman of the Houston Sports Association executive committee, a syndicate of local businessmen dedicated to bringing a pro baseball team to southeastern Texas. October 17, 1960, Houston was awarded the Colt .45 franchise in the National League.
  • Houston Colt .45s vs Chicago Cubs

    Houston Colt .45s vs Chicago Cubs
    Colt .45s play first game defeating Chicago Cubs 11-2.
  • Civil Rights Act, 1964

    Civil Rights Act, 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (enacted July 2, 1964) was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women, and ended racial segregation in the United States. It prohibited discrimination in public facilities, in government, and in employment, invalidating the Jim Crow laws in the southern U.S. It became illegal to compel segregation of the races in schools, housing, or hiring.
  • Larry Dierker Major League Debut

    Larry Dierker Major League Debut
    General Manager Paul Richards promoted Dierker to the majors to make his first major-league start on his 18th birthday, barely three months out of high school. Dierker would lose the game, but made a big impression when he struck out sluggers Jim Ray Hart and Willie Mays in the first inning. After the game, the team celebrated his arrival with a post-game birthday cake.
  • Final Game at Colt Stadium

    Final Game at Colt Stadium
    The final game at Colt Stadium was played. Later the stadium was dismantled and moved to Torreon, Mexico in the late 1960s & now stands in Tampico, Mex.
  • "Bloody Sunday" 1965

    "Bloody Sunday" 1965
    On March 7, 1965, 600 civil rights marchers headed east out of Selma on U.S. Highway 80. The march was led by John Lewis of SNCC and the Reverend Hosea Williams of SCLC, followed by Bob Mants of SNCC and Albert Turner of SCLC. The protest went smoothly until the marchers crossed the Pettus Bridge and found state troopers waiting for them on the other side. Their commanding officer told the demonstrators to disband at once and go home.. Many were knocked to the ground and beaten with nightsticks.
  • War Escalates in Vietnam

    After several attacks upon them, it was decided that U.S. Air Force bases needed more protection. The South Vietnamese military seemed incapable of providing security. On March 8, 1965, 3,500 United States Marines were dispatched to South Vietnam. This marked the beginning of the American ground war. U.S. public opinion overwhelmingly supported the deployment.
  • Colt .45s become Houston Astros

    Colt .45s become Houston Astros
  • Astrodome Opening Baseball Game

    Astrodome Opening Baseball Game
    MICKEY MANTLE HITS FIRST INDOOR HOME RUN!
    The date was April 9, 1965. The place was the Houston Astrodome -- the place proclaimed by Billy Graham as "The Eighth Wonder of the World." 47,876 excited fans jammed into the Astrodome to watch the first major league baseball game as the Houston Astros took on Mickey Mantle and the New York Yankees in an exhibition game.
    It took 11 innings to get it done but the Astros won the game 2-1, with a two-out single by pinch-hitter Nellie Fox.
  • Gemini 4: 1st Space Walk

    Gemini 4: 1st Space Walk
    Gemini 4: Astronaut Edward Higgins White makes first U.S. space walk.
  • Watts (Los Angles) Riots: 1965

    Watts (Los Angles) Riots: 1965
    The term Watts Riots of 1965 refers to a large-scale riot which lasted 6 days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in August 1965. By the time the riot subsided, 34 people had been killed, 1,032 injured, and 3,438 arrested. It would stand as the most severe riot in Los Angeles history until the Los Angeles riots of 1992. The riot is viewed by some as a reaction to the record of police brutality by the LAPD and other racial injustices suffered by black Americans in Los Angeles,
  • Houston Astro Cesar Cedeno

    Houston Astro Cesar Cedeno
    Cesar Cedeno becomes the first player in history to steal 50 bases and hit 20 home runs in successive seasons.
  • Hank Aaron's HR Breaks Ruth's

    Hank Aaron's HR Breaks Ruth's
    Atlanta Braves superstar Hank Aaron shattered Babe Ruth’s all-time record of homeruns when he hit his 715th homerun.
    Hank Aaron’s homerun total for career: 755
    1954-1976
  • Houston Astro Nolan Ryan

    Houston Astro Nolan Ryan
    Nolan Ryan becomes the first player to strikeout 4,000 in one career.
  • Space Shuttle Challenger

    Space Shuttle Challenger
    Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated 73 seconds into its flight after an O-ring seal in its right solid rocket booster failed killing all 7 crew members.
  • Craig Biggio Joins the Astros

    Craig Biggio Joins the Astros
    Craig Biggio joins the Houston Astros, a catcher. He later plays second base.
  • 1st Nightime Baseball Game at Wrigley Field

    1st Nightime Baseball Game at Wrigley Field
    The first nighttime baseball game was played at Wrigley Field in Chicago, between the Chicago Cubs and the New York Mets.
  • Bagwell joins the Astros

    Bagwell joins the Astros
    The Astros acquire Jeff Bagwell from Boston in exchange for middle reliever Larry Andersen.
  • Houston Astros New Owner

    Houston Astros New Owner
    Dayton McLane becomes the new owner of the Houston Astros.
  • Houston Astro Jeff Bagwell

    Houston Astro Jeff Bagwell
    Jeffrey Robert Bagwell (born May 27, 1968) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman, who spent his entire major league career with the Houston Astros in the National League. He is currently the hitting coach for the Houston Astros. Bagwell was named the 1991 National League Rookie of the Year and 1994 National League Most Valuable Player. Baseball statistician B. James, in his 2001 edition of the New Historical Baseball Abstract, listed Bagwell as the 4th best first baseman of all time.
  • Enron Field Opens

    Enron Field Opens
    Enron Field, the Houston Astros new ballpark, pens; Astros play the New York Yankees.
  • Jeff Bagwell

    Jeff Bagwell
    Jeff Bagwell became the sixth player in MLB history to have 30 homers, 100 RBI and 100 runs scored in six straight seasons
  • Terrorist Attack on America

    Terrorist Attack on America
    The September 11 attacks were a series of suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked 4 passenger jet airliners. The hijackers crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center New York City, killing everyone on board and others working in the buildings. The hijackers crashed a 3rd airliner into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. The 4th plane crashed into a field near Shanksville PA.
  • "God Bless America" 7th Inning

    "God Bless America" 7th Inning
    Major League play is discontinued for a week and is resumed with “God Bless America” being sung during the 7th Inning Stretch.
  • Enron Field becomes Minute Maid Park

    Enron Field becomes Minute Maid Park
    December 2, 2001 Enron became the largest corporation in history to declare bankruptcy. February 27, 2002, the Astros made an agreement with Enron to buy back the naming rights. After 2 full seasons of being called Enron Field, the home of the Houston Astros then became temporarily know as Astros Field. On June 5, 2002, the Astros announced that the Minute Maid Company, a locally-based subsidiary of the Coca-Cola Company since 1960, will pay an estimated $170 million for a 28-year naming rights.
  • Houston Astros World Series

    Houston Astros World Series
    This week is a historic one for the city of Houston and the state of Texas. For the first time ever, Texas will have a participant in the World Series. This historic first-ever appearance in the “fall classic” for a Texas team was secured when the Houston Astros downed the St. Louis Cardinals to win the national league pennant
  • Barry Bonds Homerun Total

    Barry Bonds Homerun Total
    Barry Bond’s homerun career: 734
    1986-2006
  • Baseball Care Updated

    Baseball Care Updated
    Baseballs get uniform care:
    Joe Garagiola, Jr. said that all baseballs must be stored at 70 degrees and 50% humidity following a debate generated by Colorado Rockies baseballs.
  • Biggio and 3000 Hit

    Biggio and 3000 Hit
    Craig Alan Biggio (born December 14, 1965 in Smithtown, New York) is a former Major League Baseball player who played his entire career with the Houston Astros (1988-2007) He ranks 20th all-time with 3,060 career hits, and is the ninth player in the 3000 hit club to get all his hits with the same team. He is now the head varsity baseball coach for St. Thomas High School in Houston, Texas
  • Houston Astros 45th Anniversay

    Houston Astros 45th Anniversay
    Houston Astros 1965-2010
  • Pearland Little League Goes to the World Series

    Pearland Little League Goes to the World Series
    PEARLAND, Texas - The city of Pearland is overcome with excitement. That's because the city's little league team is going to Williamsport, Pa., and earned its spot in the Little League World Series after defeating Eagle Pass 5-3 in Waco, Texas, on Thursday.