HIstory of the Internet

  • Start of the internet

    Start of the internet
    The USSR launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. In response, the United States forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within the Department of Defense (DoD) to establish US lead in science and technology applicable to the military.
  • .

    ARPA awarded the ARPANET contract to BBN. BBN had selected a Honeywell minicomputer as the base on which they would build the switch. The physical network was constructed in 1969, linking four nodes: University of California at Los Angeles, SRI (in Stanford), University of California at Santa Barbara, and University of Utah. The network was wired together via 50 Kbps circuits.
  • E-mail

    The first e-mail program was created by Ray Tomlinson of BBN. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was renamed The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (or DARPA) ARPANET was currently using the Network Control Protocol or NCP to transfer data. This allowed communications between hosts running on the same network.
  • TCP/IP

    Development began on the protocol later to be called TCP/IP, it was developed by a group headed by Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from DARPA. This new protocol was to allow diverse computer networks to interconnect and communicate with each other.
  • First use of the term internet

    First use of the term internet
    First Use of term Internet by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn in paper on Transmission Control Protocol.
  • .

    National Science Foundation created backbone called CSNET 56 Kbps network for institutions without access to ARPANET. Vinton Cerf proposed a plan for an inter-network connection between CSNET and the ARPANET.
  • Emoticon

    The first emoticon ever made. :)
  • Internet Activities Board

    Internet Activities Board (IAB) was created in 1983. On January 1st, every machine connected to ARPANET had to use TCP/IP. TCP/IP became the core Internet protocol and replaced NCP entirely. The University of Wisconsin created Domain Name System (DNS). This allowed packets to be directed to a domain name, which would be translated by the server database into the corresponding IP number. This made it much easier for people to access other servers, because they no longer had to remember numbers.
  • AOL

    AOL is launched
  • First web page.

    The first web page was created.
  • Internet Society

    Internet Society is chartered. World-Wide Web released by CERN. NSFNET backbone upgraded to T3 (44.736Mbps)
  • .

    The National Science Foundation announced that as of April 30, 1995 it would no longer allow direct access to the NSF backbone. The National Science Foundation contracted with four companies that would be providers of access to the NSF backbone (Merit). These companies would then sell connections to groups, organizations, and companies. $50 annual fee is imposed on domains, excluding .edu and .gov domains which are still funded by the National Science Foundation.
  • Wi-Fi

    In 1999, a wireless technology called 802.11b, more commonly referred to as Wi-Fi, is standardized. Over the years that follow, this technology begins appearing as a built-in feature of portable computers and many handheld devices.
  • Websites

    There are 20,000,000 websites on the Internet, numbers doubling since February 2000.
  • Youtube

    Youtube launches.
  • Google beats microsoft

    Search engine giant Google surpasses Microsoft as "the most valuable global brand," and also is the most visited Web site.
  • People use the internet

    People use  the internet
    1.114 billion people use the Internet according to Internet World Stats.
  • Future of the internet.

    Future of the internet.
    The simantic web is being developed, so it may possibly be in use by then.