History of Special Education

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Posessed! 1400-1500

    Posessed! 1400-1500
    During the 1400's and 1500's it was theorized by such influential people like Martin Luther and John Calvin, and widely held as a public view, tht people with disabilities were posessed by the devil!
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to

    History of Special Education

  • 1st Hospital

    1st Hospital
    In 1773 the first hospital for people with mental disabilities was created in Virginia. See link for more details! http://www.esh.dbhds.virginia.gov/
  • 1802-1887 Rise of Asylums

    1802-1887 Rise of Asylums
    During the 1802-187 time period, there occurred a rise of asylums to establish better treatment for the mentally ill. Some of these are briedly dotted throughout the timeline.
  • 1817- American Asylum for the Deaf

    1817- American Asylum for the Deaf
    Thomas Gallaudet was a founding father. http://www.disabilitymuseum.org/lib/docs/1371.htm See link for more details.
  • Perkins Institute for the Blind

    Perkins Institute for the Blind
    http://www.perkins.org/ Hellen Keller attended the institute. See link for details on the institute today.
  • 1832- Massachusetts Shool for Idiotic and Feeble Minded Youth

    1832- Massachusetts Shool for Idiotic and Feeble Minded Youth
    Experimental boarding school was created. It housed undereducated and orphaned children believed to be "morons, imbeciles, and idiots."
  • 1857- New York Times Article

    1857- New York Times Article
    1857- Article written about institutions discussing people with disabilities.
    The link takes you to an article I came across referring to a meeting between several different institutions in order to determine what to do with this, "unfortunate class of people with peculiar conditions." http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9B06E7D9173CEE34BC4C52DFB467838C649FDE
  • 1896- First special class established

    1896- First special class established
    The first special class in the United States for students with disabilities was established in 1896 in Rhode Island.
  • 1905- Dr. Alfred Binet

    1905- Dr. Alfred Binet
    Dr. Alfred Binet identified the terms, "slow," and, "retarded," by the use of an intellignece test he created with others (IQ test) to identify the the abilities of children with developmental disabilities.
  • 1911- Henry H. Goddard

    1911- Henry H. Goddard
    Henry H. Goddard and his constituents developed definition of intelligence which can be found at the following link:
    He determined the cause of mental deficiency to be hereditary.
  • 1923- Increase of students in special education classes

    1923- Increase of students in special education classes
    By 1923, approximately 34,000 students in the United States were enrolled in special education classes.
  • 1960's- Federal government involvement

    1960's- Federal government involvement
    President John F. Kennedy spurs fthe beginning of federal government interest in the population of the developmentally delayed due to his sister, Rosemary ,having a developmental delay and living most of her life in an instittution in Wisconsin.
  • 1970- Parents become advocates

    1970- Parents become advocates
    In the 1970's, parents began advocating for public school education for children with disabilities.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    http://idea.ed.gov/In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) were signed. See links for additional information:
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    In 2001, there was the Reauthorization of Elementary and Secondaty Education Act was signed under the initiative of No Child Left Behind. See link: