Significant Events in Canadian History

By s.gray
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    The Battle of Vimy Ridge

    Who: Canadians vs Germans
    What: Canadian soldiers fought to claim Vimy Ridge, a strategic point in France currently held by Germans. Both the French and British had failed to capture this point previously.
    Where: Vimy Ridge, Northern France
    When: 9 - 11 Apr 1917
    Why: The point was a highly useful strategic ground that would gain the Allies a lot of land on the Germans.
    How: Canadian soldiers were prepared with training, maps and other knowledge to ensure that they would triumph.
  • The Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

    Who: All Allied countries and Germany
    What: A peace treaty between the Allies and Germany.
    Where: Versailles, France
    When: Following the end of WWI on November 11, 1918
    Why: To prevent hostilities from continuing and to force Germany to atone for its actions.
    How: Signing the Treaty meant that Germans had to sacrifice much of their military forces and all overseas colonies, as well as make reparations for wartime damages in several countries
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    Canada becomes the US's greatest trading partner

    Who: Canada and the US
    What: The two countries became trading partners; Canada began to distance its ties from Britain and make stronger ones with the US.
    Where: Canada and the US
    When: The 1920's
    Why: The United States had a large demand for raw materials that Canada had in abundance; Canada seized the trading opportunity
    How: American countries set up branch plants in Canada; raw materials were shipped to American factories for processing
  • The Stock Market Crash

    Who: Canada, the US, countries heavily invested in stocks
    What: Stock market prices plummeted on October 29, 1928
    Where: Canada, the US, countries heavily invested in stocks
    When: October 29, 1929
    Why: Nervous investors began to sell their stocks in an attempt to cut their losses, causing a panic
    How: Everyone wanted to sell their stocks, but nobody wanted to buy; a huge amount of profit was lost
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    Who: Countries of Western Europe and North America
    What: The forming of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    Where: All NATO countries
    When: 1949
    Why: To protect member countries from an attack by the Soviet Union
    How: All countries agreed that an attack on one would be an attack on the other
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    The Suez Crisis

    Who: Canada & other UN countries, Egypt; proposed by Lester B. Pearson
    What: Canada's first peacekeeping mission
    Where: Suez, Egypt
    When: 1956
    Why: Forces were needed to keep the peace in Suez while politicians worked out an agreement
    How: Forces from Canada and other countries were sent to keep peace
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    The Charter of Rights and Freedoms

    Who: Pierre Trudeau & Canadians
    What: A new Canadian controlled Constitution was created
    Where: Canada
    When: 1971
    Why: Trudeau wanted the Constitution to be under the control of Canadians and to focus more on the rights of citizens
    How: Trudeau drew up many charters for countries to vote on; eventually, all countries but Quebec agreed on the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the new Constitution was formed
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    The 1980 Quebec Referendum

    Who: Quebec, Parti-Quebecois
    What: The 1980 sovereignty referendum was held; 60% of Canadians voted "non"
    Where: Quebec, Canada
    When: 1980
    Why: The Parti-Quebecois, who were highly pro-separation, wanted the province to vote to separate from Canada
    How: The referendum was held in 1980.