Amanda Johnson Time Line

  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    Linda Richards- The first professionally trained American nurse, Linda Richards is credited with establishing nurse training programs in various parts of the United States and in Japan. She also is recognized for creating the first system for keeping individual medical records for hospitalized patients.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Clara Barton-Her most notable antebellum achievement was the establishment of a free public school in Bordentown, N.J. Though she is remembered as the founder of the American Red Cross, her only prewar medical experience came when for 2 years she nursed an invalid brother. (1861)
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    Dorothea Dix-Dix became the Union's Superintendent of Female Nurses during the Civil War. At age 59, volunteered her services to the Union and received the appointment in June 1861 placing her in charge of all women nurses working in army hospitals.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    Mary Eliza Mahonedey- In March 1878, at the age of thirty-three, she was admitted to the nursing program at the New England Hospital for Women and Children. The course was sixteen months long and included hours of lectures and hands-on patient care. Of the forty-two students admitted to the program, only four made it to graduation. Mary Mahoney was one of those four, receiving her nursing certification on August 1,1879, making her the first African-American in history to earn a professional nurs
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    Lavinia Dock- Lavinia Dock was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 1858. She graduated from the Bellevue Training School for Nurses in 1886. In 1889 she helped in the disaster relief effort following the devastating flood in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. In 1890 she became Isabel Hampton's assistant superintendent at the Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School for Nurses, where she was in charge of instruction.
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    Mary Breckinridge-Mary Breckinridge was an American nurse who started the Frontier Nursing Service in the Appalachian region of Kentucky, in order to provide health care topoor people who lived in remote mountain settlements. Breckinridge also founded the first school in America that trained and certified midwifes. Her efforts were instrumental in reducing the high infant and maternal mortality rates in pre World War II Appalachia.
  • Ida V. Moffett

    Ida V. Moffett
    Ida V. Moffett-Enrolled in the Birmingham Baptist Hospital School of Nursing. She graduated in 1926, passed the state examination, and became a registered nurse. Vines took a job in a physician's office and did private-duty nursing at Baptist Hospital in Birmingham.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Dorothea Orem-was a nursing theorist and founder of the Orem model of nursing, or Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Margaret Sanger- she and her friends opened clinical research bureaus to gather medical histories and dispense birth control information in New York City and Chicago, Illinois. By 1930 there were fifty-five clinics across the United States. By 1940 the American birth control movement was operating a thriving clinic program and enjoying general acceptance by the medical profession
  • Hildegard peplau

    Hildegard peplau
    Hildegard Peplau-In 1931, Peplau completed a nursing diploma program in her home state. Peplau was a revolutionary pioneer in the field of modern psychiatric nursing. Her fifty-year nursing career involved prestigious positions and theory development.
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Martha Rogers- she entered nursing school at Knoxville General Hospital in September 1933. She received her nursing diploma in 1936 and her Bachelor of Science degree in Public Health Nursing form the George Peabody College in Nashville in 1937 and then became a public health nurse in rural Michigan where she stayed for 2 years before returning to further study.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Dr. Jean Watson is Distinguished Professor of Nursing and holds an endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado Denver and Anschutz Medical Center Campus. She is founder of the original Center for Human Caring in Colorado and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing. BSN, University of Colorado, 1964- MS, University of Colorado, 1966 -PhD, University of Colorado, 1973
  • Madeline Leininger

    Madeline Leininger
    Madeleine Leininger-Madeline Leininger was a pioneer nurse anthropologist. Appointed dean of the University of Washington, School of Nursing in 1969, she remained in that position until 1974. Her appointment followed a trip to New Guinea in the 1960’s that opened her eyes to the need for nurses to understand their patients’ culture and background in order to provide care.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    Annie Goodrich-She obtained her nursing education at New York Hospital and received her R.N. in 1892. She was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) from Mount Holyoke College in 1921, the honorary degree of Master of Arts (M.A.) from Yale University in 1923, and the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from Russell Sage College in 1936.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    Isabel Hampton Robb-Received her diploma in 1883. Upon graduation, for a few weeks she served as substitute for the superintendent of nurses in the Woman's Hospital, New York. She then spent two years in Rome as a nurse at St. Paul's House. In 1886 she went to Chicago were she was the superintendent of Illinois Training School for Nurses at Cook County Hospital.