Democratic Republic of Congo: Background

  • Jan 1, 1200

    Rise of the Kongo Republic

    Rise of the Kongo Republic
    Found in the middle of north Angola and including far west Congo and areas around lakes Kisale and Upemba in central Katanga (currently Shaba).
  • Jan 1, 1482

    First European Ties to the Kongo

    First European Ties to the Kongo
    Diogo Cao is the first Portugese explorer to visit the Kongo and forges an allience between Portugal and the Kongo's king
  • May 23, 1484

    Portuguese located the Congo River

    Portuguese located the Congo River
    The Congo River was located and was used to do slave trade
  • Slave Trading Begins

    Slave Trading Begins
    British, Dutch, Portuguese and French merchants engage in slave trade through Kongo intermediaries.
    (16th-17th Century)
  • Slave Trade Ends

    Slave Trade Ends
    After around 100 years the slave trade ends
  • Belgian King Leopold II travels to the Congo to colonize it

    Belgian King Leopold II travels to the Congo to colonize it
    He renames it the Congo Free Republic
  • Period: to

    Congo Gets Explored

    Henry Stanlye explores the Congo River
  • French Get Control

    French Get Control
    The French sign a treaty in order to get Congo. They called congo, French Congo.
  • Leopold announces the establishment of Congo

    Leopold announces the establishment of Congo
    the current situation has much to do with the legacy of colonialism. Since Belgian imposition of colonial rule by King Leopold II (called it the Congo Free State), millions have been killed. The murders have been grotesque, with chopped limbs and more, similar to what has been seen in Sierra Leone recently.
  • Period: to

    Eastern Congo

    Eastern Congo is mostly in control by traders
  • King's rule established

    King's rule established
    Leopold commissions Henry Stanley (famous explorer) to establish the king's rule in the Congo basin.
  • Millions Die

    Millions Die
    Belgian comes into Congo to help with the millions of the Congo people who are dieing from either being worked to death or from other conflict. This is still during Leapold's control over the Congo
  • Self Goverment Granted

    Self Goverment Granted
    Antoine Van Bilsen a Belgain Professer makes a 30 year plan that grants Congo to have a self goverment
  • Belgium starts to lose control over Congo

    Belgium starts to lose control over Congo
    Many riots start in Congo after many nationalist riots in Kinshasa.
  • Struggle For Political Power

    Struggle For Political Power
    The u.s. helped Motubu overthrow Prime Minister Lumumba.
  • Orginized "Revolution"

    Orginized "Revolution"
    Kabila, long time supporter of Lumamba, was sent to eastern congo to begin a revolution. He founded the peoples revolutionary party (PRP) who are notorious for robbery. Local Military have been accused of trading military supplies for stolen goods.
  • Belgians Leave The Congo

    Belgians Leave The Congo
    After 75 years of colonial rule, the Belgians left very abruptly, relinquishing the political rights to the people of Congo in 1960. However, economic rights were not there for the country to flourish.
  • Fighting Starts

    Fighting Starts
    Fighting starts. The Untid Nations send in troops but they can not deal with internal fighting. The Belgians are sent in to protect Belgian citizens and the mining.
  • A new Prime Minister

    A new Prime Minister
    The president Kasaubu brings Tshomobe as a prime minister
  • New Leadership

    New Leadership
    Fighting haults and Mobutu siezes power. He was a very corrupt leader and renamed the country the Republic of Zaire.
  • A transitional government

    A transitional government
    Mobutu, the Prime Minister who became one after Prime Minister, Lumumba was murderd supports a transitional government.
  • Anti Groups

    Anti Groups
    Many anti groups of the present Prime Minister Mobutu are created.
  • Rwanda Genocide

    Rwanda Genocide
    More then 500,000 Tuties died making a huge wave of Hutus and Tuties find refuge in the Congo Area
  • Tutsis rule Rwanda

    Tutsis rule Rwanda
    The Tutsis took power of Rwanda. This resulted in aound a million Hutus going to Zaire which is now Congo
  • Kabila Returns

    Kabila Returns
    Aided by Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda, Kabila leads ethnic groups of tutsis against Hutu forces marking the begining of the First Congo War. This pushed civillians into a rebellion against Mobutu and eventually drove him out of the country.
  • 2nd Congo War

    2nd Congo War
    Kabila's former allies, Rwanda and Uganda, turned against him and aided the RCD (Rally for Congolese Democracy). But Kabila found new allies with Zimbabwe, Nambia, and Angola.
  • Negotiations

    Peace talks cause foreign countries to pull out.
  • The UN

    The UN
    The President of the UN Security Council requested to establish a Panel of Experts on the illegal exploitation of the natural resources and other forms of wealth of the DRC, including researching the violation of the sovereignty of that country and analyze the links between the exploitation and the continuation of the conflict.
  • Assassination

    Laurent Kabila, president of the congo republic for 4 years after overthrowing mobutu, is assassinated by his body guards.
  • Period: to

    Sources of Fighting

    Massacres continued in eastern Congo during 2003-2004. Rwandan Hutu militiamen feared returning to Rwanda, believing they would be targeted by revenge-seeking Tutsis. Hutus remained in the forests of east Congo, preying on villages for food and money. Rwandan incursions into the DRC disrupted the fragile government and created instability. In December 2004, rival units within the DRC's national army clashed in the eastern part of the country.
  • Citation

    "UN official calls DR Congo 'rape capital of the world' ." BBC NEWS, 28 Apr. 2010. Web. 19 May 2010. "In pictures: DR Congo crisis ." BBC NEWS, 1 Nov. 2008. Web. 19 May 2010. Pike, John. "Background." Congo Civil War. 14 Dec. 2009. Web. 19 May 2010. Shah, Anup. "The Democratic Republic of Congo." Global Issues. 27 Mar. 1999. Web. 19 Ju