Peter J. McGuire was involved in labor and radical circles at age 15. “In 1873, in the midst of a severe economic depression, a mass meeting of radicals and unionists at Cooper Union formed a Committee of Public Safety to press the local authorities to provide economic assistance to the unemployed”. And at only age 21 he was elected to serve on the committee
Triangle Shirtwaist fire
Fire spread through a garment factory on the 8th, 9th, and 10th floor. 146 workers died, mostly young women. The building had one fire exit which collapsed, long tables and big machines trapped workers inside.
Frances Perkins was able to experience the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire and she was active in the women's suffrage movement as well.
Cesar Chavez created the United Farm Workers. The accomplished many things like establishing minimum wage standards, safer working conditions, wage contracts, child labor reform, and advancement in civil rights for farm workers.
The Delano Grape Strike and boycott
Over 800 filipino farm workers went on strike on September 8,1965. They demanded a raise in their hourly wage and in their piece rate. Larry Itliong and Ben Gines led the strike.
He led over 1000 Filipino farm workers in the Delano grape strike. He then met Chavez and the two unions joined each other. By 1971 conflicts emerged and Itliong resigned from the union.
I've been to the mountaintop by Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. thinks labor rights are important and he mentioned some time periods he wishes he could see and also mentions why he’s happy about the time period he lived in.
She began her career as an activist in 1955 and met Cesar Chavez in 1962. She founded the United Farm Workers Association with Chavez. She also worked on the Delano grape strike and boycott.
He showed us the way by Cesar Chavez
Cesar Chavez wanted the labor rights activists to fight for their rights in nonviolent ways so that no one would get hurt and so that they would be able to show others that non-violence was stronger than violence. They also did it this way so that an already violent power wouldn’t be replaced with another violent power.
Address to the California Commonwealth by Cesar Chavez