Dec 23, 1066
William the Conqueror invades EnglandIn the Battle of Hastings William defeated King Harold Godwinson and took over the throne of England. During his rule he built many buildings and made changes to the English language.
Apr 22, 1073
Hildebrand becomes Pope Gregory VIIAfter the death of Alexander II many people cried out for Hildebrand to become the next pope. He had won the respect of many people from his role in the church. As pope Hildbrand changed his name to Pope Gregory IV. His papacy ended on May 25 A.D. 1085.
Jan 3, 1210
The Franciscan friars are foundedIn A.D. 1210 Francis of Assisi founded the Franciscan friars after gaining followers from his preachings. He gained eleven followers that became brothers to him. They traveled everywhere with him and obeyed him. Current Franciscan friars live by a group of regulations called "The Rule of Saint Francis."
Jan 3, 1215
The Dominican friars are organizedIn A.D.1215 Dominic organized the Dominican friars after realizing that there was a need for a new type of organization. These friars rapidly became popular throughout different countries by preaching in different Christian societies.
Jan 3, 1215
King John signs the Magna CartaIn A.D. 1215 King John reluctantly signed the Magna Carta because his people were very angry at him. He was forcing them to pay heavy taxes so they rebelled by creating the Magna Carta. It stated that he was to obey the law and if he broke the law then the lords could remove him from his throne. He was appalled at that his people would do that to him but he eventually signed it.
Jan 4, 1232
The Inquistion beginsIn A.D. 1232 a court was set up by the Church to punish people suspected of heresy called the Inquisition. Most people were accused without proof and were sentenced to torture or imprisonment. Some were even executed.
Christianity in EuropeWhen Clovis accepted Catholicism he introduced Christianity to his people. He was the first Frankish king to unite all the Frankish tribes under his role and was a very respected and powerful ruler. He used his power to reduce the power of the Romans by defeating them at the Battle of Soissons.
Charlemagne Becomes KingCharlemagne is crowned the Frankish king. As king he expanded the Frankish kingdom and became very powerful. He was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo III on December 25, A.D. 800.
The Treaty of Verdun is createdThe Treaty of Verdun was created by Louis the Pious' three sons to end their constant arguing over who would rule which lands. The treaty divided the Carolingian lands and gave each son a different region. Charles the Bald took control of France, Louis the German controlled Germany, and Lothair took the land in between.
The Vikings start invading EuropeIn A.D. 850 the Vikings from Scandinavia started exploring Europe. They found large amounts of land and treasures that they wanted to own in Europe. To take control over these things they began invading Europe and expanding their kingdom.
The Rise of FeudalismIn the A.D. 900s feudalism was beginning to spread throughout France. Feudalism was a form of government that stresses alliances of mutual protection between monarchs & nobles. Lords, vassals, and fiefs were the key aspects in feudalism.
Alfred the Great becomes kingAlfred the Great became the king of the Anglo-Saxons in A.D. 871 after the death of Ethelred. As king he thought that education was important and encouraged learning. He also improved the legal system and military structure of his kingdom.
Period: to Dec 21, 1348
Events in Medieval Europe