Niko Tsiouvaras - American Revolution Timeline; 8TH SOCIAL STUDIES: OT08A 1 8TH SOCIAL STUDIES

  • John Locke

    John Locke: August 29, 1632 - October 28, 1704; One of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism"

  • Charles Montesquieu

    Charles Montesquieu: January 18, 1689 - February 10, 1755
    He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world, he was a French Judge and Political Philosopher.
  • Sam Adams

    Sam Adams: September 27, 1722 - October 2, 1803
    He played a vital role in moving colonial America to its decisive break with Britain during the American Revolution, and helped organize opposition to British taxation, including the Boston Tea Party.
  • Martha Washington

    Martha Washington: June 13, 1731 - May 22, 1802; First First Lady of the United States; Sometimes referred to as Lady Washington.
  • George Washington

    George Washington: February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799; First President of the United States.
  • Paul Revere

    Paul Revere: January 1, 1735 - May 10, 1818
    Was principal rider for Boston's Committee of Safety. In that role, he devised a system of lanterns to warn the minutemen of a British invasion, setting up his famous ride on April 18, 1775. Paul Revere was also a silversmith.
  • John Adams

    John Adams: October 30, 1735 - July 4, 1826; Was a leading member in the Continental Congress
  • John Hancock

    John Hancock: January 23, 1737 - October 8, 1793
    He was the first member of the Continental Congress to sign the Declaration of Independence, the document first demanding independence for the United States from the rule of Great Britain. He is famous for signing his name the largest.
  • Benedict Arnold

    Benedict Arnold: January 14, 1741 - June 14, 1801
    Benedict Arnold was an American military officer who served as a general during the American Revolutionary War, fighting for the American Continental Army before defecting to the British in 1780. George Washington had given him his fullest trust and placed him in command of the fortifications at West Point, New York.
  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson: April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826; Is credited for writing the Declaration of Independence, was a Vice President of the United States from 1797 to 1801.
  • Abigail Adams

    Abigail Adams: November 22, 1744 - October 28, 1818; First Second Lady and Second First Lady
  • French and Indian War

    1754 - 1763 The French and Indian War was fought to decide if Britain or France would be the strong power in North America. France and its colonists and Indian allies fought against Britain, its colonists and Indian allies. The war began with conflicts about land. The French and Indian War began in 1754 and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Source(s):
  • Alexander Hamilton

    Alexander Hamilton: January 11, 1757 - July 12, 1804
    He was General George Washington's assistant. In 1788, as one of America's Founding Fathers, he convinced New Yorkers to agree to ratify the U.S Constitution.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763: October 7, 1763
    After Britain won the Seven Years' War and gained land in North America, it issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which prohibited American colonists from settling west of Appalachia. The Treaty of Paris, which marked the end of the French and Indian War, granted Britain a great deal of valuable North American land.
  • The Sugar Act

    The Sugar Act: April 5 1764
    It was the first tax enacted by the British against the colonists for the purpose of raising revenue. The Sugar Act created a new tax on molasses imported from non-British isles along the same lines as the Molasses Act but the tax was reduced by half.
  • The Currency Act

    The Currency Act: On September 1, 1764, Parliament passed the Currency Act, effectively assuming control of the colonial currency system. The act prohibited the issue of any new bills and the reissue of existing currency.
  • The Stamp Act

    Stamp Act: The Stamp Act of 1765 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain which imposed a direct tax on the British colonies in America and required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
  • The Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act: March 18, 1766
    The American Colonies Act 1766, commonly known as the Declaratory Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act 1765 and the changing and lessening of the Sugar Act.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts: 1767 and 1768

    The Townshend Acts were specifically to pay for the salaries of officials such as governors and judges. The British thought that the colonists would be okay with taxes on imports. They had repealed an earlier tax called the Stamp Act because of colonial protests, but thought that taxes on imports would be okay.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre: March 5, 1770, Boston, Massachusetts
    The Boston Massacre, known to the British as the Incident on King Street, was a confrontation on March 5, 1770 in which British soldiers shot and killed several people while being harassed by a mob in Boston.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party: 12/16/1773
    “...Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawk Indians dumped crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act and its provisions for taxation of tea. This act of criminal misconduct would become known as the “Boston Tea Party.”
  • The Quartering Act

    Quartering Act:
    The Quartering Act is a name given to two or more Acts of British Parliament requiring local governments of the American colonies to provide the British soldiers with housing and food. It was passed in 1774.
  • The Boston Port Act

    Boston Port Act: passed on March 31, 1774
    The Boston Port Act was one of the Coercive, or Intolerable Acts, enacted by Parliament in reaction to the Boston Tea Party.
  • Administration of Justice Act

    Administration of Justice Act: Became law on May 20, 1774.
    Administration of Justice Act, also called Murder Act, British act (1774) that had the stated purpose of ensuring a fair trial for British officials who were charged with capital offenses while upholding the law or quelling protests in Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • Massachusetts Government Act

    Massachusetts Government Act: May 20, 1774
    The Massachusetts Government Act was passed by the Parliament of Great Britain, receiving royal assent on 20 May 1774. The act effectively abrogated the Massachusetts Charter of 1691 of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, and gave its royally-appointed governor wide-ranging powers.
  • The Quebec Act

    The Quebec Act: June 22, 1774
    The Quebec Act, passed by the British Parliament to institute a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary government created at the time of the Proclamation of 1763. It gave the French Canadians complete religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law.
  • First Continental Congress

    Formed September 5, 1774; The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from 12 of the 13 British colonies that became the United States. The Continental Association was created to boycott all contact with British goods. The delegates hoped Britain would repeal its Intolerable Acts.
  • Minutemen

    Minutemen: 1775 - 1781
    Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently organized to form well-prepared militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies from the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War. They were also known for being ready at a minute's notice, hence the name.
  • Hessians

    Hessians: 1775 - 1781
    Hessians were German soldiers who most notably served as auxiliaries to the British Army during the American Revolutionary War.
  • "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" Speech

    "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" Speech: March 23, 1775
    "Give me liberty, or give me death!" is a quotation attributed to Patrick Henry from a speech he made to the Second Virginia Convention on March 23, 1775, at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord: April 19, 1775
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were fought on April 19, 1775 in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy, and Cambridge.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Established May 10, 1775
    The Second Continental Congress was the governing body of the American colonies from 1775 to 1781. It was founded when the British failed to address the grievances of the First Continental Congress and to organize a Continental Army to fight. It raised armies, and directed strategy, among other things. Sources:,
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill

    The Battle of Bunker Hill: June 17, 1775
    On June 17, 1775, early in the Revolutionary War (1775-83), the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important confidence boost.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence: The document was declared on July 2, 1776. The signing of the United States Declaration of Independence occurred primarily on August 2, 1776 at the Pennsylvania State House, Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • The Battle of Saratoga

    Sep 19, 1777 – Oct 17, 1777
    5,895 British and Hessian troops surrendered their arms. General John Burgoyne had lost 86 percent of his expeditionary force that had triumphantly marched into New York from Canada in the early summer of 1777. It marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign, giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British in the American Revolutionary War. Source(s):
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation: Created: November 15, 1777, Ratified: March 1, 1781
    The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution. It was approved, after much debate, by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, and sent to the states for ratification.
  • French Alliance

    French Alliance: 1778
    The Franco-American alliance was the 1778 alliance between the Kingdom of France and the United States during the American Revolutionary War. Formalized in the 1778 Treaty of Alliance, it was a military pact in which the French provided many supplies for the Americans.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown:
    It is considered the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War. The Continental Army, led by General George Washington, won a decisive victory against the British Army, led by General Lord Charles Cornwallis. The battle took place in Yorktown, Virginia, near the York River.
  • The Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris: Effective: May 12, 1784
    The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France, as well as their respective allies. In the terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there.
  • US Constitution Signing

    US Constitution signed: September 17, 1787.
    The Signing of the United States Constitution occurred on September 17, 1787, at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when 39 delegates to the Constitutional Convention, representing 12 states, endorsed the Constitution created during the four-month-long convention.