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Croatian Homeland War

  • Period: to

    Homeland War

  • Anti-bureaucratic revolution

     Anti-bureaucratic revolution
    The Anti-bureaucratic revolution, political rallies of Serbs in SR Croatia, marked by Greater Serbian rhetoric [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-bureaucratic_revolution]
  • HDZ wins Croatian elections

    HDZ wins Croatian elections
    Newly elected Croatian Parliament changes constitution of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, amending its name, symbols and its top leadership, embarking on a path of independence of Croatia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Parliament]
  • Croatian Special Police

    Croatian Special Police
    Croatia had no regular army at the beginning of 1991. In an effort to bolster its defence, Croatia doubled its police personnel to about 20,000. The most effective part of the force was the 3,000-strong special police, deployed in twelve battalions, adopting special forces military organisation.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Special_Police_order_of_battle_in_1991%E2%80%931995]
  • Log Revolution

    Log Revolution
    The Log Revolution (Serbo-Croatian: Balvan revolucija / Балван револуција) was an insurrection which started on August 17, 1990, in areas of the Republic of Croatia which were populated significantly by ethnic Serbs.[1] A full year of tension, including minor skirmishes, passed before these events would escalate into the Croatian War of Independence. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Log_Revolution]
  • SAO Kninska Krajina proclaims autonomy

    SAO Kninska Krajina proclaims autonomy
    the SAO Kninska Krajina encompassed the Community of Municipalities of Northern Dalmatia and Lika.
  • Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Krajina

    Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Krajina
    Proclaimed autonomy from the government of Croatia - latter declares itself the Republic of Serbian Krajina [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAO_Krajina]
  • Christmas Constitution

    Christmas Constitution
    The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Ustav Republike Hrvatske) is promulgated by the Croatian Parliament. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Croatia#History]
  • Battle of Pakrac

    Battle of Pakrac
    The Pakrac clash, known in Croatia as the Battle of Pakrac (Croatian: Bitka za Pakrac), was a bloodless skirmish that took place in the Croatian town of Pakrac in March 1991. The clash was a result of increasing ethnic tensions in Croatia during the breakup of Yugoslavia. It was one of the first serious outbreaks of violence in what became the Croatian War of Independence.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakrac_clash]
  • Plitvice Lakes incident

    Plitvice Lakes incident
    The Plitvice Lakes incident was an armed clash at the beginning of the Croatian War of Independence. It was fought between Croatian police and armed forces from the Croatian Serb-established SAO Krajina at the Plitvice Lakes in Croatia, on 31 March 1991. The fighting followed the SAO Krajina's takeover of the Plitvice Lakes National Park and resulted in Croatia recapturing the area. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plitvice_Lakes_incident]
  • Croatian National Guard formed

    Croatian National Guard formed
    Croatian President Tuđman ordered the special police forces to be renamed Zbor Narodne Garde ("National Guard"); this marks the creation of a separate military of Croatia
  • Borovo Selo massacre

    Borovo Selo massacre
    The Battle of Borovo Selo of 2 May 1991, known in Croatia as the Borovo Selo massacre (Croatian: Pokolj u Borovom Selu) and in Serbia as the Borovo Selo incident (Serbian: Инцидент у Боровом Селу), was one of the first armed clashes in the conflict which became known as the Croatian War of Independence. The clash was precipitated by months of rising ethnic tensions, violence, and armed combat in Pakrac [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Borovo_Selo]
  • Protest in Split

    Protest in Split
    The protest was organised by the Croatian Trade Union Association in the Brodosplit Shipyard and joined in by workers from other companies in the city and other residents of Split after radio broadcast appeals for help while the protesters marched through the streets. Ultimately, the protest drew 100,000 supporters. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_protest_in_Split]
  • Stjepan Mesic - Yugoslav Head of State

    Stjepan Mesic - Yugoslav Head of State
    On 15 May, Stjepan Mesić, a Croat, was scheduled to be the chairman of the rotating presidency of Yugoslavia. Serbia, aided by Kosovo, Montenegro, and Vojvodina, whose presidency votes were at that time under Serbian control, blocked the appointment, The crisis was resolved after a six-week stalemate, and Mesić was elected president — the first non-communist to become Yugoslav head of state in decades.
  • Croatian referendum on independence

    Croatian referendum on independence
    On 19 May 1991, the Croatian authorities held a referendum on independence with the option of remaining in Yugoslavia as a looser union.[147] Serb local authorities issued calls for a boycott, which were largely followed by Croatian Serbs. The referendum passed with 94% in favor.
  • Croatian army forms

    Croatian army forms
    The newly constituted Croatian military units held a military parade and review at Stadion Kranjčevićeva in Zagreb on 28 May 1991.
  • Serbian forces occupy one third of Croatia

    Serbian forces occupy one third of Croatia
    Yugoslav army and other Serb forces held something less than one-third of the Croatian territory,[155] mostly in areas with a predominantly ethnic Serb population.[158][159] The JNA military strategy partly consisted of extensive shelling, at times irrespective of the presence of civilians.[160] As the war progressed, the cities of Dubrovnik, Gospić, Šibenik, Zadar, Karlovac, Sisak, Slavonski Brod, Osijek, Vinkovci, and Vukovar all came under attack by Yugoslav forces.
  • Croatia declares independence

    Croatia declares independence
    The parliament of Croatia declared Croatia's independence and dissolved its association with Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991.[2][150] The Croatian parliament's decision was partially boycotted by left-wing parliament deputies.[151] The European Community and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe urged Croatian authorities to place a three-month moratorium on the decision
  • Yugoslavia declares secession illegal

    Yugoslavia declares secession illegal
    The government of Yugoslavia responded to the declarations of independence of Croatia and Slovenia with Yugoslav Prime Minister Ante Marković declaring the secessions to be illegal and contrary to the Constitution of Yugoslavia, and supported the JNA taking action to secure the integral unity of Yugoslavia.
  • Brioni Agreement

    Brioni Agreement
    Croatia agreed to the Brioni Agreement that involved freezing its independence declaration for three months, which eased tensions a little.
  • Operation Stinger

    Operation Stinger
    offensive undertaken by the forces of the SAO Krajina, an unrecognized Croatian Serb region opposing the Republic of Croatia, against positions held by the Croatian police in the region of Banovina [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Stinger]
  • Dalj massacre

    Dalj massacre
    The Dalj massacre was the killing of 56 or 57 Croats in Dalj, Croatia on 1 August 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence. In addition to civilian victims, the figure includes 20 Croatian policemen, 15 Croatian National Guard (Zbor narodne garde – ZNG) troops and four civil defencemen who had been defending the police station and water supply building in the village. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalj_massacre]
  • Siege of Kijevo

    Siege of Kijevo
    The 1991 siege of Kijevo was one of the earliest clashes of the Croatian War of Independence. The 9th Corps of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) led by Colonel Ratko Mladić and the forces of the Serbian Autonomous Oblast (region) of Krajina (SAO Krajina) under Knin police chief Milan Martić besieged the Croat-inhabited village of Kijevo in late April and early May 1991.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Kijevo_(1991)]
  • Battle of Vukovar

    Battle of Vukovar
    The Battle of Vukovar was an 87-day siege of Vukovar in eastern Croatia by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various paramilitary forces from Serbia, between August and November 1991. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vukovar]
  • Battle of Gospić

    Battle of Gospić
    The battle pitted the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), stationed in five barracks in the town, and paramilitary elements of the Serbian Guard against the Croatian National Guard (ZNG), police forces based in Gospić [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gospi%C4%87]
  • Battle of Kusonje

    Battle of Kusonje
    The battle was initiated when a platoon of the Croatian National Guard (Croatian: Zbor narodne garde – ZNG) was ambushed by Croatian Serb forces while conducting a reconnaissance patrol. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kusonje]
  • Battle of the Barracks

    Battle of the Barracks
    The Battle of the Barracks was a series of engagements that occurred in mid-to-late 1991 between the Croatian National Guard (ZNG, later renamed the Croatian Army) and the Croatian police on one side and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) on the other. It formally began on 14 September; its objective was to neutralise the JNA positions in ZNG-held territory and to secure arms and ammunition supplies for the poorly equipped ZNG.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Barracks]
  • Siege of Bjelovar Barracks

    Siege of Bjelovar Barracks
    The siege of Bjelovar Barracks, also known by the codename Operation Bilogora (Croatian: Operacija Bilogora), was the blockade and capture of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) barracks and other facilities in and around the city of Bjelovar [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Bjelovar_Barracks]
  • Siege of Varaždin Barracks

    Siege of Varaždin Barracks
    The siege of Varaždin Barracks, also referred to locally as Varaždin's days of war (Croatian: Varaždinski dani rata), was the blockade and capture of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) barracks and other facilities in and around the city of Varaždin [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Vara%C5%BEdin_Barracks]
  • Battle of Šibenik

    Battle of Šibenik
    The Battle of Šibenik (Croatian: Bitka za Šibenik), also known as the September War (Rujanski rat). The battle was fought to the north and west of the city of Šibenik, Croatia on 16–22 September 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C5%A0ibenik]
  • Battle of Zadar

    Battle of Zadar
    the Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska Narodna Armija, or JNA), supported by the Croatian Serb Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Krajina (SAO Krajina), and the Croatian National Guard (Zbor Narodne Garde, or ZNG), supported by the Croatian Police. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Zadar]
  • FR Yugoslavia out of the UN

    FR Yugoslavia out of the UN
    Serbs reacted with defiance and despair today to Yugoslavia's ouster from the United Nations, and the nationalists who hold power tried to pin the blame on the Serbian-American millionaire they drafted to become Prime Minister 10 weeks ago. [https://www.nytimes.com/1992/09/24/world/un-expulsion-of-yugoslavia-breeds-defiance-and-finger-pointing.html?scp=3&sq=yugoslavia%20ousted%20un&st=cse]
  • Siege of Dubrovnik

    Siege of Dubrovnik
    The JNA started its advance on 1 October 1991, and by late October, it had captured virtually all the land between the Pelješac and Prevlaka peninsulas on the coast of the Adriatic Sea, with the exception of Dubrovnik itself. The siege was accompanied by a Yugoslav Navy blockade. The JNA's bombardment of Dubrovnik, including that of the Old Town—a UNESCO World Heritage Site—culminated on 6 December 1991. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Dubrovnik]
  • Yugoslav Navy bloackage

    Yugoslav Navy bloackage
    On October 3, the Yugoslav Navy renewed its blockade of the main ports of Croatia.
  • Bombing of the Zagreb TV Tower

    Bombing of the Zagreb TV Tower
    the tower was a target of a Yugoslav Air Force attack. The tower was bombed at 16:10 and as a consequence the entire fourth and fifth floors and a portion of the third floor sustained heavy damage, rendering the tower unusable. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zagreb_TV_Tower]
  • Tudjman address Croatian nation

    Tudjman address Croatian nation
    On October 5, President Tuđman made a speech in which he called upon the whole population to mobilize and defend against "Greater Serbian imperialism" - "All those who are called into the ranks of the Croatian Army must report immediately," he said. "I especially call on everyone who possesses weapons to volunteer for the ranks of the defense forces." [https://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/06/world/shells-still-fall-on-croatian-towns-despite-truce.html?ref=croatia]
  • Banski dvori bombing

    Banski dvori bombing
    On 7 October, the Yugoslav air force attacked the main government building in Zagreb, an incident referred to as the bombing of Banski dvori.[https://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/08/world/yugoslav-planes-attack-croatian-presidential-palace.html]
  • Lovas killings

    Lovas killings
    the killing of 70 Croat civilian residents of the village of Lovas [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lovas_killings]
  • Široka Kula massacre

    Široka Kula massacre
    The killings began on 13 October 1991 and continued until late October. They were perpetrated by the Croatian Serb SAO Krajina police and generally targeted ethnic Croat civilians in Široka Kula.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%A0iroka_Kula_massacre]
  • Dubrovnik Republic - Serb

    Dubrovnik Republic - Serb
    On 15 October after the capture of Cavtat by the JNA, local Serbs led by Aco Apolonio proclaimed the Dubrovnik Republic [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dubrovnik_Republic_(1991)]
  • Gospić massacre

    Gospić massacre
    the mass killing of 100–120 predominantly Serb civilians in Gospić, Croatia The majority of the victims were ethnic Serbs but also included some Croats, arrested in Gospić and the nearby coastal town of Karlobag.Some of the detainees were taken to the Perušić barracks and executed in Lipova Glavica near the town, while others were shot in the Pazarište area of Gospić. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospi%C4%87_massacre]
  • Baćin massacre

    Baćin massacre
    the killing of 83 civilians just outside the village of Baćin, near Hrvatska Dubica, committed by Croatian Serb paramilitaries. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ba%C4%87in_massacre]
  • Notable defections

    Notable defections
    On 25 October 1991, Yugoslav Air Force pilot Rudolf Perešin flew his MiG-21R to Austria and defected. He later fought on behalf of Croatian forces in the war, ultimately dying after being shot down in 1995.
  • Operation Hurricane-91

    Operation Hurricane-91
    a military offensive undertaken by the Croatian Army (Hrvatska vojska – HV) against the Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska Narodna Armija – JNA) and SAO Western Slavonia Territorial Defense Forces in the Sava River valley, in the region of Western Slavonia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hurricane-91]
  • Operation Swath-10

    Operation Swath-10
    military offensive undertaken by the Croatian Army (Hrvatska vojska, or HV) against the SAO Western Slavonia Territorial Defense Forces on Bilogora Mountain in western Slavonia. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Swath-10]
  • Badinter Arbitration Committee confirms Croatian boundaries

    Badinter Arbitration Committee confirms Croatian boundaries
    The five-member Commission consisted of presidents of Constitutional Courts in the EEC. Starting in late November 1991, the committee rendered ten opinions. The Commission stated, among other things, that SFR Yugoslavia was in the process of dissolution and that the internal boundaries of Yugoslav republics may not be altered unless freely agreed upon.[1]
  • Erdut killings

    Erdut killings
    a series of murders of 37 Hungarian and Croat civilians in the village of Erdut, Croatia committed by Croatian Serb forces and Serb Volunteer Guard paramilitaries [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erdut_killings]
  • Battle of Bastajski Brđani

    Battle of Bastajski Brđani
    On 10 November the 57th Independent Battalion advanced against the TO in Veliki Miletinac (east of the area captured in Operation Swath-10), capturing the village the same day. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Swath-10#Battle_of_Bastajski_Br%C4%91ani]
  • Saborsko massacre

    Saborsko massacre
    the killing of 29 Croat residents of the village of Saborsko on 12 November 1991, following the seizure of the village in a Yugoslav People's Army [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saborsko_massacre]
  • Battle of the Dalmatian Channels

    Battle of the Dalmatian Channels
    a three-day confrontation between three tactical groups of Yugoslav Navy ships and coastal artillery, and a detachment of naval commandos of the Croatian Navy [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Dalmatian_Channels]
  • Škabrnja massacre

    Škabrnja massacre
    the killing of 62 Croatian civilians and five prisoners of war by Serbian Autonomous Oblast Krajina (SAO Krajina) Territorial Defence troops and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) in the villages of Škabrnja and Nadin northeast of Zadar [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%A0kabrnja_massacre]
  • Vukovar massacre

    Vukovar massacre
    The Vukovar massacre, also known as the Vukovar hospital massacre or the Ovčara massacre, was the killing of Croatian prisoners of war and civilians by Serb paramilitaries, to whom they had been turned over by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), at the Ovčara farm southeast of Vukovar on 20 November 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vukovar_massacre]
  • Vance Plan

    Vance Plan
    The Vance plan (Croatian: Vanceov plan, Serbian: Vensov plan) was a peace plan negotiated by the former United States Secretary of State Cyrus Vance in November 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vance_plan#Implementation_Agreement]
  • Operation Papuk-91

    Operation Papuk-91
    Operation Papuk-91 was planned to follow Operation Swath-10, advancing south from the Virovitica–Osijek road and clearing the Papuk and Psunj mountains of TO forces[24] (elements of the 28th Partisan Division).[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Swath-10#Battle_of_Bastajski_Br%C4%91ani]
  • Murder of the Zec family

    Murder of the Zec family
    The murder of the Zec family occurred in Zagreb, Croatia on 7 December 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence, when a squad of five Croatian militiamen shot dead three members of a Serb family: Mihajlo Zec, his wife Marija, and their 12-year-old daughter, Aleksandra. Two other Zec children escaped. The murderers were apprehended, but released after a controversial court decision in 1992.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_the_Zec_family]
  • Operation Whirlwind

    Operation Whirlwind
    a failed Croatian Army (HV) offensive in the Banovina region of Croatia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Whirlwind]
  • Shelling and deserters of JNA

    Shelling and deserters of JNA
    Before the war, the Yugoslav Army drew its soldiers from conscription in all of the Yugoslav republics. Now it must rely on Serbian reservists and Serb irregulars who are poorly trained. A recent report by the monitoring mission concluded that the army was routinely shelling civilian areas.[https://www.nytimes.com/1991/12/12/world/germany-raising-hopes-of-croatia.html?scp=5&sq=croatia%201991%20shelling%20civilians&st=cse]
  • Voćin massacre

    Voćin massacre
    the killing of 43 civilians in Voćin, Croatia, by the Serbian White Eagles paramilitary unit on 13 December 1991 [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vo%C4%87in_massacre]
  • Joševica massacre

    Joševica massacre
    The Joševica massacre was a war crime committed by the paramilitary forces of the Krajina Serbs in the Croatian village of Joševica during the Croatian War of Independence. The atrocities took place on December 16 of 1991.[1]
  • Operation Devil's Beam

    Operation Devil's Beam
    Advances of the JNA north of Osijek threatened HV control of a narrow bridgehead held across the Drava River skirting the city's northern edge. By mid-December the bridgehead was reduced to a strip of land opposite Osijek, encompassing suburban settlements of Podravlje and Tvrđavica. In order to remove the threat, the HV launched an offensive [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Osijek#Operation_Devil's_Beam]
  • Republic of Serbian Krajina

    Republic of Serbian Krajina
    On 19 December 1991, the two SAOs through the initiative of Milan Babić (president of SAO Krajina) and Goran Hadžić (president of SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srijem) were declared as one Serbian state with the name Republic of Serbian Krajina. In February 1992, the authorities declared independence. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAO_Krajina]
  • Iceland recognises Croatian independence

    Iceland recognises Croatian independence
  • Istria attached

    Istria attached
    The Serbian Forces attacked the airport near the city of Vrsar, situated in the south-western of the peninsula between the city of Poreč and Rovinj, with two MiG-21 and two Galeb G-2.[202] Afterwards, Yugoslav airplanes carpet bombed Vrsar's "Crljenka" airport, resulting in two deaths
  • Bruška massacre

    Bruška massacre
    The Bruška massacre took place on 21 December 1991 in Bruška, a small village near the Croatian town of Benkovac when Serbian paramilitaries executed 10 civilians in the hamlet of Marinovići. Nine were members of the Marinović family and one was a Serb neighbor. They were led out of the house after playing cards and shot on the spot by members of a paramilitary group called "Knindže".[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bru%C5%A1ka_massacre]
  • Vrsar airport bombing

    Vrsar airport bombing
    a Yugoslav Air Force strike on the Crljenka airport near Vrsar—an air sports airport in the Istrian peninsula. The airstrike occurred on 21 December 1991, possibly as an attempt to stop the training of Croatian pilots, who had deserted the Yugoslav airforce and were being trained in Vrsar. Other than being a training facility, the airport had a significant logistical value.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vrsar_airport_bombing]
  • Germany recognise Croatian independence

    Germany recognise Croatian independence
  • Declaration of rump Yugoslavia

    Declaration of rump Yugoslavia
    Serb-dominated federal presidency announced plans for a smaller Yugoslavia that could include the territory captured from Croatia during the war [https://www.nytimes.com/1991/12/27/world/serb-led-presidency-drafts-plan-for-new-and-smaller-yugoslavia.html?ref=croatia]
  • Croatian Army expands

    Croatian Army expands
    expanded the Croatian Army from the seven brigades it had at the time of the first ceasefire to 60 brigades and 37 independent battalions by December 31, 1991.
  • EC Monitor Mission helicopter downing

    EC Monitor Mission helicopter downing
    a European Community Monitor Mission (ECMM) helicopter carrying five European Community (EC) observers was downed by a Yugoslav Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, in the air space above the village of Podrute, near Novi Marof, Croatia. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992_European_Community_Monitor_Mission_helicopter_downing]
  • Notable defections

    Notable defections
    On 4 February 1992, air force pilot Danijel Borović [sh] flew his MiG-21bis to Croatia and defected. He later fought on behalf of Croatian forces in the war. The MiG-21bis itself was later shot down on 24 June 1992, killing pilot Anto Radoš [sh].

    the UN deployed a protection force in Serbian-held Croatia—the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)—to supervise and maintain the agreement.[
  • Operation Baranja

    Operation Baranja
    an aborted offensive of the Croatian Army north of the towns of Belišće and Valpovo, Croatia on 3 April 1992 during the Croatian War of Independence. The offensive quickly gained ground after the HV advanced north of the Drava River into Baranja. The defending force of the Croatian Serb Territorial Defence Force supported by the Yugoslav People's Army artillery were caught unprepared and offered light resistance. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Baranja]
  • Notable defections

    Notable defections
    On 15 May 1992, air force pilots Ivica Ivandić [sh] and Ivan Selak [sh] flew their MiG-21bis to Croatia and defected. Both later fought on behalf of Croatian forces in the war and survived. Ivandić's MiG-21bis was shot down on 14 September 1993, killing pilot Miroslav Peris [sh].
  • Operation Jaguar

    Operation Jaguar
    Operation Jaguar at Križ Hill near Bibinje and Zadar, on May 22, 1992, and a series of military actions in the Dubrovnik hinterland
  • UN Sanctions

    UN Sanctions
    Three months after the United Nations imposed sanctions on Yugoslavia, the country's economy has begun to collapse in a way that many believe can lead to political confrontation before the end of the year. [https://www.nytimes.com/1992/08/31/world/sanctions-driving-yugoslav-economy-into-deep-decline.html?scp=20&sq=yugoslavia%20sanctions&st=cse]
  • Battle of the Miljevci Plateau

    Battle of the Miljevci Plateau
    The battle represented the culmination of a series of skirmishes between the HV and the RSK forces in Northern Dalmatia, after the implementation of the Vance plan and deployment of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) began. The skirmishes occurred in the pink zones—areas under control of the RSK, but outside the UN Protected Areas established by the Vance plan.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Miljevci_Plateau]
  • Operation Tiger

    Operation Tiger
    Operation Tigar, on 1–13 July 1992,[212] in Konavle, on 20–24 September 1992, and at Vlaštica on September 22–25, 1992. Combat near Dubrovnik was followed by the withdrawal of JNA from Konavle, between September 30 and October 20, 1992.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tiger_(1992)]
  • Operation Liberated Land

    Operation Liberated Land
    the HV 1st Guards Brigade counter-attacked north of Zaton, pushing the VRS north and east towards Popovo field. The attack failed to cut off a battalion of the VRS 472nd Motorized Brigade deployed to Bobani, and the 4th Guards Brigade had to be deployed to mop up the area. Although substantial parts of the territory gained during the attack were surrendered to the VRS, the operation strengthened the HV[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tiger_(1992)#Operation_Liberated_Land]
  • Prevlaka peninsula

    Prevlaka peninsula
    Combat near Dubrovnik was followed by the withdrawal of JNA from Konavle, between September 30 and October 20, 1992. The Prevlaka peninsula guarding entrance to the Bay of Kotor was demilitarized and turned over to the UNPROFOR, while the remainder of Konavle was restored to the Croatian authorities.[213]
  • Battle of Konavle

    Battle of Konavle
    Bobetko appointed Major General Nojko Marinović—commander of the HV during the siege of Dubrovnik—to perform a landing operation in the Cavtat area the same day. The first landing took place at 3:15 am on 21 October when the ferry Pelješćanka transported elements of the 5th Battalion of the 1st Guards Brigade to Cavtat. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tiger_(1992)#Operation_Liberated_Land]
  • Operation Vlaštica

    Operation Vlaštica
    the HV neared completion of the operations to secure Konavle, the 4th Guards Brigade and the 163rd Infantry Brigade moved north-east from Dubrovnik and attacked the VRS positions closest to the city. The main HV attack, assigned to the 3rd and the 5th Battalions of the 4th Guards Brigade, was directed to capture Vlaštica Peak.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tiger_(1992)#Operation_Liberated_Land]
  • Operation Maslenica

    Operation Maslenica
    a Croatian Army offensive launched in January 1993 to retake territory in northern Dalmatia and Lika from Krajina Serb forces [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Maslenica]
  • Peruća Hydroelectric Dam

     Peruća Hydroelectric Dam
    the Peruća Hydroelectric Dam and captured it by January 28, 1993, shortly after Serb militiamen chased away the UN peacekeepers protecting the dam.[218] UN forces had been present at the site since the summer of 1992. They discovered that the Serbs had planted 35 to 37 tons of explosives spread over seven different sites on the dam in a way that prevented the explosives' removal; the charges were left in place.
  • Daruvar Agreement

    Daruvar Agreement
    The aim of the secret agreement was normalizing life for local populations near the frontline. However, authorities in Knin learned of this and arrested the Serb leaders responsible [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daruvar_Agreement]
  • Operation Deny Flight

    Operation Deny Flight
    The operations of Deny Flight spanned more than two years of the Bosnian War and played an important role in the course of that conflict. The no-fly zone operations of Deny Flight proved successful in preventing significant use of air power by any side in the conflict. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Deny_Flight]
  • International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

    International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
    It was established by Resolution 827 of the United Nations Security Council, which was passed on 25 May 1993. It had jurisdiction over four clusters of crimes committed on the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991: grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, violations of the laws or customs of war, genocide, and crimes against humanity. The maximum sentence that it could impose was life [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Criminal_Tribunal_for_the_former_Yugoslavia]
  • Operation Medak Pocket

    Operation Medak Pocket
    took place in a salient south of Gospić, from September 9–17. The offensive was undertaken by the Croatian army to stop Serbian artillery in the area from shelling nearby Gospić.[222] The operation met its stated objective of removing the artillery threat, as Croatian troops overran the salient, but it was marred by war crimes. The ICTY later indicted Croatian officers for war crimes.[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Medak_Pocket]
  • United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 871

    United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 871
    the UNSC affirmed for the first time that the United Nations Protected Areas, i.e. the RSK held areas, were an integral part of the Republic of Croatia [https://web.archive.org/web/20040921050927/http://www.ohr.int/other-doc/un-res-bih/default.asp?content_id=7106]
  • Creation of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Creation of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Franjo Tuđman endorsed the agreement providing for the creation of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and an alliance between Bosnian and Croatian armies against the Serb forces.[https://www.nytimes.com/1994/03/05/world/croatian-leader-backs-pact-by-bosnia-s-muslims-and-croats.html?ref=croatia]
  • Croatian Military Confidence Increases

    Croatian Military Confidence Increases
    In 1994, Croatia had already signaled that it would not allow Bihać to be captured,[133] and a new confidence in the Croatian military's ability to recapture occupied areas brought about a demand from Croatian authorities that no further ceasefires were to be negotiated; the occupied territories would be re-integrated into Croatia. [William D. Montalbano (August 1, 1995). "Balkan War Looms as Croatia Widens Its Reach". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 18, 2010.]
  • Military Professional Resources Inc.

    Military Professional Resources Inc.
    Croatia hired Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI) in September 1994 to train some of its officers and NCOs.[246] Begun in January 1995, MPRI's assignment involved fifteen advisors who taught basic officer leadership skills and training management. [https://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/ops/croatia.htm] [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_Professional_Resources_Inc.]
  • Operation Cincar - BiH

     Operation Cincar - BiH
    It marks the first tangible evidence of the Bosniak–Croat alliance set out in the Washington Agreement of March 1994, brokered by the United States to end the Croat–Bosniak War fought between the ARBiH and the HVO in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ARBiH and the HVO were not coordinated at first, rather they launched separate operations aimed at capture of Kupres. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kupres_(1994)]
  • Operation Winter '94

    Operation Winter '94
    Operation Winter '94 was the first in a series of successful advances made by the HV and the HVO in or near the Livanjsko field, an elongated flat-bottomed valley surrounded by hills. The region was formally controlled by the HVO, but the HV contributed a substantial force, including commanding officers. The attacks were primarily designed to draw the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) away from the besieged city of Bihać. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Winter_%2794]
  • UNPROFOR ends

    UNPROFOR ends
    Franjo Tuđman formally told the UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali that Croatia was ending the agreement permitting the stationing of UNPROFOR in Croatia, effective 31 March
  • UN condemns rump Yugoslavia

    UN condemns rump Yugoslavia
    .. regarding the situation in Croatia, and to respect strictly its territorial integrity, and in this regard concludes that their activities aimed at achieving the integration of the occupied territories of Croatia into the administrative, military, educational, transportation and communication systems of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) are illegal, null and void, and must cease immediately. United Nations General Assembly resolution 1994/43
  • United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia

    United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia
    International peacemaking efforts continued, and a new peace plan called the Z-4 plan was presented to Croatian and Krajina authorities.
  • Yugoslavia dumps support for RSK

    Yugoslavia dumps support for RSK
    The RSK lost support from the Serbian government in Belgrade, partly as a result of international pressure.
  • Operation Flash

    Operation Flash
    Croatian Army (HV) offensive conducted against the forces of the self-declared proto-state Republic of Serbian Krajina [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Flash]
  • Zagreb rocket attacks

    Zagreb rocket attacks
    A series of two rocket attacks conducted by the Army of the Republic of Serbian Krajina that used multiple rocket launchers to strike the Croatian capital of Zagreb [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zagreb_rocket_attacks]
  • Yugoslav Army Responses

    Yugoslav Army Responses
    The Yugoslav army responded to the offensive with a show of force, moving tanks towards the Croatian border, in an apparent effort to stave off a possible attack on the occupied area in Eastern Slavonia.[https://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/07/world/serbia-moves-tanks-to-croatia-border.html?ref=croatia]
  • Split Agreement

    Split Agreement
    A mutual defence agreement between Croatia, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, signed in Split, Croatia on 22 July 1995. It called on the Croatian Army (HV) to intervene militarily in Bosnia and Herzegovina, primarily in relieving the siege of Bihać. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Split_Agreement]
  • Operation Summer '95

    Operation Summer '95
    joint military offensive of the Croatian Army (HV) and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) that took place north-west of the Livanjsko Polje, and around Bosansko Grahovo and Glamoč in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Summer_%2795]
  • Operation Storm

    Operation Storm
    a decisive victory for the Croatian Army (HV), which attacked across a 630-kilometre (390 mi) front against the self-declared proto-state Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK), and a strategic victory for the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH). [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Storm]
  • Erdut Agreement

    Erdut Agreement
    between the authorities of the Republic of Croatia and the local Serb authorities of the Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia region on the peaceful resolution to the Croatian War of Independence in eastern Croatia.
  • Dayton Agreement

    Dayton Agreement
    The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement or the Dayton Accords is the peace agreement reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, United States, on 21 November 1995, and formally signed in Paris, on 14 December 1995. These accords put an end to the three-and-a-half-year-long Bosnian War, one of the Yugoslav Wars. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayton_Agreement]