Philippine islands

The Philippines

  • Philippine-American War

    Philippine-American War
    After two American privates on patril killed three Filipino soldiers in San Juan, hostiles broke out causing the spark of the Philippine-American War.
  • United States Territory

    United States Territory
    The United States defined its territorial mission as one of tutelage, preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. Civil government was established by the United States in 1901.
  • Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act

    Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act
    This is the first law setting a specific date for Philippine independence from the United States. It was passed by Congress as a result of pressure from two sources: American farmers, who, during the Great Depression, feared competition from Filipino sugar and coconut oils; and Filipino leaders, who were eager to run their own government.
  • Filipino Constitution

    Filipino Constitution
    A constitution was framed and approved by Franklin D. Roosevelt in March 1935.
  • Filipino Government Formed

    Filipino Government Formed
    A Filipino government was formed on the basis of principles similar to the U.S. Constitution. The commonwealth was established in 1935, electing Manuel L. Quezon as the president and featuring a very strong executive, a unicameral National Assembly, and a Supreme Court composed entirely of Filipinos for the first time since 1901.
  • Suprise Attack

    Suprise Attack
    Japan launched a surprise attack on the Clark Air Base in Pampanga, Philippines on December 8, 1941, just ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Aerial bombardment was followed by landings of ground troops on Luzon.
  • Open City

    Open City
    On January 2, 1942, General MacArthur declared the capital city, Manila, an open city to prevent its destruction
  • End of Japanese Occupation

    End of Japanese Occupation
    Japan's occupation of the Philippines ended at the end of the war. However, the fight between Japan and the Philippines countinued until Japan's formal surrendered. The Philippines suffered great loss of life and a lot of physical destruction by the time the war was over.
  • First Independent Presidential Election

    First Independent Presidential Election
    Elections were held in April 1946, with Manuel Roxas becoming the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines.
  • U.S. Leaves

    U.S. Leaves
    The United States left the Philippines after ten years as they promised upon entering.