20th Century Challenges

  • Indian Act

    assimilative policies that the Canadian government directed at aboriginal peoples from the 1880s onward.
  • Period: to

    Modern Canada

  • Pierre Trudeau

    politician, writer, constitutional lawyer, prime minister of Canada 1968-79 and 1980-84.
  • Rene Levesque

    served as premier of the Canadian province of Quebec from 1976 to 1985. In addition, he founded the Parti Quebecois, a political party that aims to make Quebec an independent French-speaking nation
  • Quebec Referenda

    two referenda (1980 and 1995) which asked Quebeckers if they wanted to renogiate their part in Confederation
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Attempt by the Federal government to ensure that Québec's failure would accept the patriation package in 1981.
  • Constitution Act

    this document replaced the British North America Act as the basic governing document of Canada in 1982.
  • Brian Mulroney

    served as prime minister of Canada from 1984 to 1993.
  • Jean Chretien

    served as prime minister of Canada from 1993 to 2003.
  • NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement

    a pact that unites Canada, Mexico, and the United States in one of the world's largest free-trade zones. It builds on a free-trade agreement between the United States and Canada that became effective in 1989.