2017 Aaron Smith dalat world history

Timeline created by BobtheCob2004
In History
  • 9,000 BCE

    3.1 Egypt- Nile River Discovered!

    More than 12000 years ago people settled around the Nile River. People settled there because the land was so fertile.
  • 4,500 BCE

    Fertle Crescent- Food Surplus!

    The Euphrates and Tigris rivers Made the land between very, very Fertle. Because of this, there was a lot of crops and so people had a food surplus, or more than they had. Because of this, there was a division of labour, so people had different jobs.
  • 2,330 BCE

    Fertle Crescent- Sargon

    An Akkadian, Sargon wanted to make the Akkadian border larger, so he took control and became emperor. He created the world's first permanent army, which started a lot of wars.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1 Xia dynasty: Stories

    No body really know what happened during the Xia dynasty, but it brought ledgends and stories of working together and cooperation.
  • 2,000 BCE

    8.1 Greece: mountains make less farm area

    Because of the Pindos mountains, Greece did not have much farming soil at all. Because of this, they took to the seas and became expert sailors and shipbuilders.
  • 1,792 BCE

    Babylon- Hammurabi's Code

    Hammurabi became Babylon's king. He was the first person to create a collection of laws called "Hammurabi's Code". The code had 282 laws.
  • -800 BCE

    Phoenicia- The Alphabet was made!

    The Phoenicians created an alphabet very similar to what we have today, The alphabet was a new way of writing, putting characters together to form words
  • -753 BCE

    10.1- Rome is founded!

    In 753, according to legend, Rome was founded. Legend says that Rome was founded by two men, Romulus and Remus. It was said that when they were babies, they were put into baskets and thrown into the current of the Tiber river. A shewolf eventually found them and raised them as their own. When they grew up,the founded Rome, but fought over what it was to be named. In this argument, Romulus killed Remus and named Rome after himself
  • -585 BCE

    9.1 Persian revolt

    Persia was captured by the Medes in 550 BC, but a revolt lead by Cyrus was successful and broke the Medes rule. He became emperor and expanded Persian empire greatly, but for some reason, not many revolts were lead. That was because after Curyl the Great conquered people,he let them keep their customs, all he wanted was some taxes and men to fight in his army. That is why he became Cyrus the great
  • -567 BCE

    9.2 Greek values

    Unlike Sparta, who valued body over mind, Athens valued mind as well as body. The boys studied hard, got a good education, still trained for war but less hard, and learned how to be good public speakers. The women however, rarely got a good education and spent most of their time cleaning.
  • -563 BCE

    5.3 India-Buddhism was created

    Siddharta Gupta was born around 563 BC, and was very restless religioun wise. He took a pilgrimage and searched for answers. Legends say that he took a 6 year trip and at the end, he sat and meditated under a tree. After 7 weeks of fasting, or going without food,and meditation, he reached enlightenment. From then on, he was known as "the enlightened one" he started traveling, spreading Buddhism, as it was called and spent the rest of his life as the enlightened one.
  • -509 BCE

    10.2- Roman government

    Rome had a three branch government: the Magistrates, who were judges, accountants, or other duties. The two most powerful were called consuls. There was also the senate, which advised the cities leaders, and were the one beach that had their job for life. The other two only ruled for one year. Lastly, there were the Assemblies and Tribunes, who elected the magistrates.
  • -500 BCE

    8.2 Greece: Democrocy!

    A leader in Athen, Cleisthenes, created a new way of determining the ruler of a place. Democracy. You vote for who you want to be the leader, and the person who has the most votes wins. Today, places like USA, Canada, Australia, Germany, and Spain are democratic.
  • -481 BCE

    6.2 Zhou dynasty- Warring states period

    Because of the Zhou political system (the Mandate of Heaven), over time the Lords became less loyal to the king. After a defeat from invaders, the Lords fought each other, saying they had the Mandate of Heaven. This went on for some time, and later it was called the Warring states period.
  • -359 BCE

    9.3 Philip uses phalanx

    In 359 BC, Phillip became king of Macedonia. He used a phalanx to conquer his enemies. A phalanx is a group of warriors that stood close together holding very long spears to stab the enemy before they came too close.
  • -300 BCE

    9.4 Greece: Euclid

    Euclid was said to be the world's greatest mathematician. He taught in Alexandria, Egypt, gave us relationships between maths and other fields of work, but he is most famous for giving us geometry. He studied flat shapes and lines, and was so influential that we call that Euclidean geometry.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3 Quin dynasty

    The shortest lasting dynasty, the Qin dynasty. During this short lived time period, Shi Huangdi took the throne and unified all of China.he believed in legalism: a harsh belief that people were simply evil and needed to be disciplined. He believed this way, but also achieved lots of things such as finishing the Great Wall, built canals, and an irrigation system that, parts of it, are still in use today
  • -218 BCE

    10.3 and Hannibal had elephants!

    Once, Carthage tried to attack Rome. A general named Hannibal used elephants to attack it, but because of them, he needed to go the long way around. Once he got there, he started to destroy Italy, but could never take Rome.218
  • -206 BCE

    6.4 Han dynasty: achievements

    During the Han dynasty, a time of Confucianism ensued. They had many achievements such as acupuncture: a way of healing where people put thin needles inside you and also they created sundials: a way of measuring time
  • -140 BCE

    6.5: Han dynasty: lot of silk

    During the Han dynasty, people created silk from silkworms. Their way of making it was unknown to other cultures, but they bought it anyway, and for a very high price. Because of this, trade expanded greatly.
  • -58 BCE

    11.1 Julius Ceaser takes over

    At this time, Cicero, a philosopher, tried to explain to the people that checks and balances should be restored. Meanwhile, the generals were planning to take over the Roman government. Julius Ceaser who was the most powerful, made an alliance with Pompey and Crassus, and they ruled Rome.
  • AD 1

    11.2 Christianity is made

    In the first year of the ADs, a new religion in Judaea was made. It is called Christianity. It is based on Jesus of Nazareth’s teachings. It was based on Judaism, but later became a separate faith.
  • 100

    11.3 The beginning of the end

    This is when the empire started to crumble. Because the empire was so big, there weren’t enough men to defend it. This triggered the start of the fall. A man named Diocletian split up the empire, thinking this would solve the problem, and it did for a time, but then the western side got taken over. Years later, so did the Eastern side.
  • 200

    13.1- West Africa- Salt and Gold

    Salt and gold were valuable resources to West Africans. Salt was used as a preservative to keep food fresh. Gold was highly valued and used for trading.- Mr. Poole
  • 320

    8.3 Greece: Olympics finish

    The Greeks have been holding a set of games every 4 years, up until this point. The olympics. Athletes competed in games like foot races, chariot races, throwing, wrestling, and boxing. Only men could compete in the Olympic Games.
  • 350

    4.5 Kush taken over!

    In about 350 AD, (it had been since about 300 AD) Kush had been very weak and feeble. Seeing this, a man named King Ezana from Aksum saw this chance and took over Kush.
  • 570

    12.1: Muhammad is born

    In the year 570 (AD), a person named Muhammad was born. He would grow up to bring a new religion to Arabia, and later would be widely known as Islam. This religion came from Abraham, so is called Abrahamic. Christianity is also Abrahamic. Muhammad claimed to have seen an angel, who told him to recite what’s amazing things God had done.
  • 632

    12.2: the Qur’an is made

    Muhammad’s disciples were taught by him, and as they traveled around, spreading the news, they memorized his words. When he died, they recorded all of the in a book, now called the Qur’an.
  • 1320

    12.4: Astronomy and geography

    The Muslims were experts with the stars, thus allowing them to take astronomy tools and upgrade them. They took a Greek astrolabe, used to chart the positions of the stars, and made it better. This allowed them to travers their rocky landscape easier, and even go into other lands, such asSpain, and Africa.
  • 1453

    12.3: Ottomans take over

    3 non Arab Muslim groups became very powerful, and later became seperate empires. One of these was known as the Ottomans. They had their territory around the Mediterranean Sea, and on the edges of Arabia. They took Christian boys and raised them as fierce Muslim warriors., called Janissarians.
  • Rosetta Stone found!

    French soldier found the key to decipher the ancient Egypt's hieroglyphics.
  • Pharaoh Tut's pyramid gets raided!

    Treasure, such as jewelry, robes, burial masks, and ivory statues found in a pyramid never explored before.
  • 6.4 Malaysia: sundials inspire clocks

    During the Han dynasty, sundials were created. They were big stick stuck into the ground to measure time based on the shadows made by the sun. Today, we have clocks and watches that we're inspired by that
  • 10.2 Malaysia- Latin inspires English

    The grandfather of English, Latin, was spoken in Rome. Many of the words we have today use Latin and Greek roots. ‘Veto’ (a word we use today) was also used then. It means to prohibit something.
  • 11.2 Christianity is made big

    Because of Cleisthenese, Christianity was promoted. Centuries later, this religion is huge in some areas. It has become the major religion in some countries, and others are being spread to.
  • 12.2: Islam taught today

    Islam is one of the most widely known religion today. It descended from Abraham, and worships the same God as Christians, but with many different traditions. Muslims pray 5 times every day, and have to commit acts of kindness and devotion. These are called the 5 pillars of Islam.
  • Malaysia- Hammurabi's code inspired laws

    Hammurabi's code has inspired today's laws that relate to everyday life. It inspired today's punishments when you break laws.
  • Malaysia-Papyrus inspires paper

    Early Egyptian writing was written on scrolls; layers of reeds pressed together to form sheets. Those sheets have inspired today's paper
  • Malaysia-Kush inspired woman rulers

    Nowadays, there are woman rulers because of (one of the reasons why) we have woman rulers. In Argentina, there is president Christina Fernandez
  • Malaysia-Buddhism is well known

    In the late 500s, Siddharta Gupta became the Buddha. He reached "enlightenment" (when someone achieves full peace with himself/herself). He created Buddhism. Nowadays, Buddhism is one of the largest religions in Asia, and is spreading to America.
  • India- nowaday's caste system

    Nowadays, there is still a caste system in India, but it is a lot less strict. It is still quite difficult to change your caste, but it is less strict. In my opinion, one of the reasons why India is so polluted is because of caste. The higher castes throw out their trash, thinking the lower castes will clean it up, but people miss things, and thus the cycle starts.
  • 8.3 Penang: Greek mythology

    The Greeks were polytheistic, and they had hundreds of gods. Today, we read about these gods and write books on their mythology.
  • 9.4 Greek architecture inspires buildings

    Athenian culture valued art, so of course they made amazing statures and buildings. The most famous is called the Parthenon, which has lots of columns around it. Using these kinds of columns inspired buildings and even today you can see them, like on the Lincoln memorial.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertle Crescent People

    Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Hittites, Kassites, Chaldeans, Phoenicians
  • Period:
    2,700 BCE
    to
    2,200 BCE

    3.2 Old kingdom-Egypt

    From around 2700-2200 BC, there was the old kingdom. During this time, the Egyptians developed their politics. This was based on the Pharoah was a God. This gave him complete power. Many years later, the priests and nobles had enough political power, they started to challenge the pharaoh, thus ending the old kingdom
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    1,700 BCE

    Chapter 5 Indian Civilization

    Harrapan culture thrives.
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to
    -220 BCE

    Chapter 6: Chinese dynasties

    During this time, there were many dynasties and beliefs created. There was the Xia dynasty (2200-? BC), the Shang dynasty (1500-1100BC), the Zhou dynasty (1100-481 BC), the Quin dynasty (221-206), and lastly the Han dynasty (206-220 BC). During the Zhou dynasty, many religions and belief especially were made like Confucianism, legalism, and Daoism.
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 8: Greek rule

    During this time, many great things were created through the Greeks. Things like democracy, tyranny, obligarcy, mythology, great poems, and the olympics
  • Period:
    1,500 BCE
    to
    -850 BCE

    3.3 New kingdom ending- Egypt

    Egypt takes control of Kush, but about 200 years later, Kush gains independence again, thus ending the New kingdom in Egypt.
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    to
    -27 BCE

    Chapter 10

    During this time, Rome was built, republics were made, places were conquered, wars were declared, and gladiators rebelled, all in and around the little peninsula of Italy.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    -30 BCE

    Chapter 9

    Greece and Persia were sworn enemies. At times, Persia took up a lot of land around the Greeks, but the Greeks fought them back. During this time, there were many great leader like Cyrus the great, who conquered enemies but let them keep their own customs. There was also Darius, who took the throne and killed all his rivals. The best, though, was Alexander the great, who never lost a battle. He bacame king at 19 when his father died, and Alexander died at 30 because of sickness.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to

    Chapter 12

    During this time period (In Arabia), one of the most popular religions was born. It came from Abraham, and is taught as widely as America now. The Muslims also made incredible contributions to arts, science, astronomy, math, and medicine.
  • Period:
    -170 BCE
    to
    -150 BCE

    4.5 Kush-Queen Shanakhdakheto

    The first woman to rule Kush was Queen Shanakhdakheto. She ruled form 170 BC to 150 BC. This is very different from other cultures because women mostly stayed at home
  • Period:
    -44 BCE
    to
    1453

    Chapter 11

    During this time period, Rome became unstable due to violence being used as a political weapon. Centuries later, this long lasting empire ended.