2017 Aaron Smith dalat world history

Timeline created by BobtheCob2004
In History
  • 9,000 BCE

    3.1 Egypt- Nile River Discovered!

    More than 12000 years ago people settled around the Nile River. People settled there because the land was so fertile.
  • 4,500 BCE

    Fertle Crescent- Food Surplus!

    The Euphrates and Tigris rivers Made the land between very, very Fertle. Because of this, there was a lot of crops and so people had a food surplus, or more than they had. Because of this, there was a division of labour, so people had different jobs.
  • 2,330 BCE

    Fertle Crescent- Sargon

    An Akkadian, Sargon wanted to make the Akkadian border larger, so he took control and became emperor. He created the world's first permanent army, which started a lot of wars.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1 Xia dynasty: Stories

    No body really know what happened during the Xia dynasty, but it brought ledgends and stories of working together and cooperation.
  • 2,000 BCE

    8.1 Greece: mountains make less farm area

    Because of the Pindos mountains, Greece did not have much farming soil at all. Because of this, they took to the seas and became expert sailors and shipbuilders.
  • 1,792 BCE

    Babylon- Hammurabi's Code

    Hammurabi became Babylon's king. He was the first person to create a collection of laws called "Hammurabi's Code". The code had 282 laws.
  • -800 BCE

    Phoenicia- The Alphabet was made!

    The Phoenicians created an alphabet very similar to what we have today, The alphabet was a new way of writing, putting characters together to form words
  • -753 BCE

    10.1- Rome is founded!

    In 753, according to legend, Rome was founded. Legend says that Rome was founded by two men, Romulus and Remus. It was said that when they were babies, they were put into baskets and thrown into the current of the Tiber river. A shewolf eventually found them and raised them as their own. When they grew up,the founded Rome, but fought over what it was to be named. In this argument, Romulus killed Remus and named Rome after himself
  • -585 BCE

    9.1 Persian revolt

    Persia was captured by the Medes in 550 BC, but a revolt lead by Cyrus was successful and broke the Medes rule. He became emperor and expanded Persian empire greatly, but for some reason, not many revolts were lead. That was because after Curyl the Great conquered people,he let them keep their customs, all he wanted was some taxes and men to fight in his army. That is why he became Cyrus the great
  • -567 BCE

    9.2 Greek values

    Unlike Sparta, who valued body over mind, Athens valued mind as well as body. The boys studied hard, got a good education, still trained for war but less hard, and learned how to be good public speakers. The women however, rarely got a good education and spent most of their time cleaning.
  • -563 BCE

    5.3 India-Buddhism was created

    Siddharta Gupta was born around 563 BC, and was very restless religioun wise. He took a pilgrimage and searched for answers. Legends say that he took a 6 year trip and at the end, he sat and meditated under a tree. After 7 weeks of fasting, or going without food,and meditation, he reached enlightenment. From then on, he was known as "the enlightened one" he started traveling, spreading Buddhism, as it was called and spent the rest of his life as the enlightened one.
  • -509 BCE

    10.2- Roman government

    Rome had a three branch government: the Magistrates, who were judges, accountants, or other duties. The two most powerful were called consuls. There was also the senate, which advised the cities leaders, and were the one beach that had their job for life. The other two only ruled for one year. Lastly, there were the Assemblies and Tribunes, who elected the magistrates.
  • -500 BCE

    8.2 Greece: Democrocy!

    A leader in Athen, Cleisthenes, created a new way of determining the ruler of a place. Democracy. You vote for who you want to be the leader, and the person who has the most votes wins. Today, places like USA, Canada, Australia, Germany, and Spain are democratic.
  • -481 BCE

    6.2 Zhou dynasty- Warring states period

    Because of the Zhou political system (the Mandate of Heaven), over time the Lords became less loyal to the king. After a defeat from invaders, the Lords fought each other, saying they had the Mandate of Heaven. This went on for some time, and later it was called the Warring states period.
  • -359 BCE

    9.3 Philip uses phalanx

    In 359 BC, Phillip became king of Macedonia. He used a phalanx to conquer his enemies. A phalanx is a group of warriors that stood close together holding very long spears to stab the enemy before they came too close.
  • -300 BCE

    9.4 Greece: Euclid

    Euclid was said to be the world's greatest mathematician. He taught in Alexandria, Egypt, gave us relationships between maths and other fields of work, but he is most famous for giving us geometry. He studied flat shapes and lines, and was so influential that we call that Euclidean geometry.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3 Quin dynasty

    The shortest lasting dynasty, the Qin dynasty. During this short lived time period, Shi Huangdi took the throne and unified all of China.he believed in legalism: a harsh belief that people were simply evil and needed to be disciplined. He believed this way, but also achieved lots of things such as finishing the Great Wall, built canals, and an irrigation system that, parts of it, are still in use today
  • -218 BCE

    10.3 and Hannibal had elephants!

    Once, Carthage tried to attack Rome. A general named Hannibal used elephants to attack it, but because of them, he needed to go the long way around. Once he got there, he started to destroy Italy, but could never take Rome.218
  • -206 BCE

    6.4 Han dynasty: achievements

    During the Han dynasty, a time of Confucianism ensued. They had many achievements such as acupuncture: a way of healing where people put thin needles inside you and also they created sundials: a way of measuring time
  • -140 BCE

    6.5: Han dynasty: lot of silk

    During the Han dynasty, people created silk from silkworms. Their way of making it was unknown to other cultures, but they bought it anyway, and for a very high price. Because of this, trade expanded greatly.
  • -58 BCE

    11.1 Julius Ceaser takes over

    At this time, Cicero, a philosopher, tried to explain to the people that checks and balances should be restored. Meanwhile, the generals were planning to take over the Roman government. Julius Ceaser who was the most powerful, made an alliance with Pompey and Crassus, and they ruled Rome.
  • AD 1

    11.2 Christianity is made

    In the first year of the ADs, a new religion in Judaea was made. It is called Christianity. It is based on Jesus of Nazareth’s teachings. It was based on Judaism, but later became a separate faith.
  • 100

    11.3 The beginning of the end

    This is when the empire started to crumble. Because the empire was so big, there weren’t enough men to defend it. This triggered the start of the fall. A man named Diocletian split up the empire, thinking this would solve the problem, and it did for a time, but then the western side got taken over. Years later, so did the Eastern side.
  • 200

    13.1- West Africa- Salt and Gold

    Salt and gold were valuable resources to West Africans. Salt was used as a preservative to keep food fresh. Gold was highly valued and used for trading.- Mr. Poole
  • 250

    16.1-Mayas: Architecture and social structure

    The Mayas were amazing at their architecture. They were severely infuenced by thire gods, who they beleived needed blood to be pleased with them, so they made many temples in their cities, and made observatories, which were building for people to study the stars and sky.
  • 300

    13.4-West Africa: Griots

    The griots were storytellers that preserves the history of West Africa. They did this by sharing stories to other griots and this is called an oral history. They also shared proverbs and wise sayings. They shared the oral history because they didn’t have a written language.
  • 320

    8.3 Greece: Olympics finish

    The Greeks have been holding a set of games every 4 years, up until this point. The olympics. Athletes competed in games like foot races, chariot races, throwing, wrestling, and boxing. Only men could compete in the Olympic Games.
  • 350

    4.5 Kush taken over!

    In about 350 AD, (it had been since about 300 AD) Kush had been very weak and feeble. Seeing this, a man named King Ezana from Aksum saw this chance and took over Kush.
  • 430

    17.1 Europe: lots of physican features

    In Europe, there were many physical features. There was the Arctic Ocean to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the Wes, the Mediterranean Sea to the South, the Ural mountains tothe Northeast, and a lot of mountains scattered across the rest.
  • 500

    13.2- Africa: Silent Bartering

    Silent bartering is people trading without meeting face to face. This was important so that the gold mine locations would be kept a secret and to conduct trade peacefully.
  • 570

    12.1: Muhammad is born

    In the year 570 (AD), a person named Muhammad was born. He would grow up to bring a new religion to Arabia, and later would be widely known as Islam. This religion came from Abraham, so is called Abrahamic. Christianity is also Abrahamic. Muhammad claimed to have seen an angel, who told him to recite what’s amazing things God had done.
  • 589

    14.1 China: China reuifies!

    After the period of disunion, which was ended by a ruler named Yang Jian, who conquered China. By 589, China was whole again. This started a new dynaty, the Sui dynasty. During this time, the leaders restored order and began constucting the Grand Canal, which was a man made river connecting Northern China to the south.
  • 593

    15.1 Japan: Prince Shotoku

    During this time, Prince Shotoku ruled for his aunt, the empress, who was unable to rule herself. He sent scholars to China to learn more about their culture, then to come back and spread it. He also helped introduce Bhuddism, creating a huge temple that still stands today, the Horyuji.
  • 632

    12.2: the Qur’an is made

    Muhammad’s disciples were taught by him, and as they traveled around, spreading the news, they memorized his words. When he died, they recorded all of the in a book, now called the Qur’an.
  • 742

    17.2-Europe: Charlemagne

    Charlemagne was a great ruler in Europe, and a Christian. He had a dark side, though. He liked to force his religoun on other people, threatening to kill them if they did not accept. He was born aound 742 and died in 814.
  • 745

    14.2 China: People here, people there

    Because of the great achivements that were made in the Tang and Song dynasties, trade grew. And grew. And grew. Pretty soon China was the largest country in the world, consisting of nearly 100 million people. This also helped the money roll in (paper money now) and the Chinese made even more achevements.
  • 1000

    15.2 Japan: Works of art

    In this time, many great things were created, such as works of literature. The Tale of Genji speakes about a prince’s quest for love, and The Pillow Book was a journal about a woman serving the empress. Also great forms of drama were made, such as Noh, which combines music, speech, and dance. The Japanese also loved the visual arts. They illustrated scenes of their own literature, and also scenes of nature and court life.
  • 1000

    17.3-Mind your manors

    Feudalism was quite similar to the other forms of ruling in other places. But there, uniquely, there was a different kind of bond between lords and vassals. Lords offered land to their vassals, who became lords themselves when they offered parts of their land to others.
  • 1066

    17.4-Europe: Bushy dough and chivalry

    European knights and Japanese samurai were very similar (they both had to swear fealty, their lords expected them to fight fearlessly, and rhey were expected to live honorably), just like Europe and Japan’s government was similar. They both had a form of feudalism, and they both offered land to their knights in exchange for protection. But in many ways they were completely different, the main reason being religion. Almost everyone in Europe were christians, while the Japanese blended religions.
  • 1073

    18.1: England- kings and popes

    At this time, there was much tension between the king and the pope. They were clashing and excommunicating (on the side of the popes) everywhere. At one point, a pope excommunicated an emperor. The emperor went to him and begged forgiveness, but the pope still made him stay outside in the snow, just to prove that the pope was more powerful than the king, before accepting his apology forwanting a different pope.
  • 1099

    18.2: Europe- Crusade failures

    The crusades were a series of wars between the European Christians and the turkish Muslims, and they were fighting over Palestine, the “Holy Land” as it was called. There were many crusades (latin for marked with a cross, because the Christians had crosses on their sheilds), but almost all of them failed, except for the first crusade. The Europeans took Jerusalem for a short period of time, before being invaded by the Muslims again. There were many other crusades, but they failed.
  • 1174

    15.3 Japan: millitary

    The Japanese millitary was terse. There was the Emperor, who was actually a figurehead, someone who appears to rule, but power is with others. In this case, the real power was the Shogun. The Shogun ruled over the Daimyos, who were rich land owners, and under them were their protectors, the Samurai.
  • 1206

    14.4 China: The Mongols are coming...

    The Mongols were many tribes, but someone saw something in uniting them. That someone was Genghis Khan. He united them and trained them to be bloodthirsty and rutheless. They eventually broke through the great wall and conquered the Chinese starting the Yuan dynasty.
  • 1209

    18.3:Europe- Francis of Assisi

    In 1209, the Franciscan Order was founded, and the founder was Francis of Assisi. He was the son of a wealthy merchant, but gave his money away and started to live simply. He spent time preaching about God and helping poor and sick people. He became the world’s first friar, which was a monk that lived closer to civilization, teching them about God.
  • 1271

    19.1:Italy- Black Death plussides

    The Renaissance was a rebirth of art, learning, and religoun. The cause of this was actually the black death, which killed thousands of people, but left the land and its resources unahrmed. People found and used these resources to get rich, and then had time and money to spend, and so used it on their and other’s learning and art.
  • 1279

    14.3 China: Neo confucianism

    The ideas of Confusianism have been around for a long time by now. The philosophers became obsessed with his teachngs, and by the time the Song dynasty ended, a new philosophy was made. They called it Neo Confusianism. Neo for new. This was stongly based on the teaching of Confucius, but with an added element: the Spirit.
  • 1290

    18.5: Europe- Jews face Discrimination

    In this time, people didn’t like the Jews very much. In fact, they hadn’t liked the Jews for a very long time, but now was worse than ever. People blamed the Jews for Jesus’ death. Down at the Roman empire, people even blamed them for the Black death. Jews were forced to leave their homes and some even killed.
  • 1320

    12.4: Astronomy and geography

    The Muslims were experts with the stars, thus allowing them to take astronomy tools and upgrade them. They took a Greek astrolabe, used to chart the positions of the stars, and made it better. This allowed them to travers their rocky landscape easier, and even go into other lands, such asSpain, and Africa.
  • 1324

    13.3- West Africa: Mansa Musa inflation

    Mansa Musa was the most famous ruler of Mali, also, he was super rich. He was a Muslim. He was so rich, that he caused inflation wherever he went. He was also really into education. And he built mosques and schools. His son was was total weak sauce and caused the downfall of the empire to raiders.
  • 1325

    16.2-Aztecs: Goin’ Nuts

    The Aztecs were a little strange. They had two different sides. One was filled with great achivements and cultural achivements, such as theirlove for riddles, arts, and buildings. The other side was bloodthirsty and dark. On average, they sacrificed 24 humans, not per month, not per week, but per day. They purposley brought back as many prisoners as they could from wars so they could sacrifice them to their gods.
  • 1350

    18.4: Europe- The Black Death

    This was a dark time in the middle ages. People were dying by the hundreds from a horde of sicknesses called ‘The Black Death’. Nobody knew where it came from, and many thought God meant it to be the end of the world. Nowadays, we have discovered it to be because of rats come from Asia on boats. Archeologists beleive that one-third of Europe’s population died, and there were so many bodies that the villagers did not even give them proper buarials. It was a very dark time, indeed.
  • 1450

    19.2: Germany- Gutenberg’s press

    In this time, someone named Johann Gutenberg (YO-hann GOOT-en-berg) created a printing press. His invention lead to many more bibles being printed, and then, since not many people could read then, because the preists only read to them, people started learning to read more!
  • 1453

    12.3: Ottomans take over

    3 non Arab Muslim groups became very powerful, and later became seperate empires. One of these was known as the Ottomans. They had their territory around the Mediterranean Sea, and on the edges of Arabia. They took Christian boys and raised them as fierce Muslim warriors., called Janissarians.
  • 1492

    20.2-in 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue

    One of the biggest and most famous discoveries was made in that year:th US of A! Columbus wanted to find another way of getting to Asia, and he knew the world was round like a ball, so he blew everyone away by sailing west instead of east! When he arrived in America, he thought he was in Asia, which is why we know the people native to America as Ameican Indians. Sadly, Columbus died thinking he made it to Asia, but when others came, they knew that they were in an entirely different continent.
  • 1500

    16.3- Incas: ordered country

    The Incas were politicas genuses, even though their ruling system was like ancient communism. Once the Incas created their empire, they took the leader’s children and taught them about theIncan society, and brought them up as loyal Incas, then sent them back to their respective villages to rule them as the Incas wanted them to. They also got rid of selling you goods. Instead the government took them in and distibuted them out evenly among the people, so that everyone got the same things.
  • 1517

    19.3: Germany- Reformation

    In this time, many bad things were being done to the people from the church, like indulgences, that were basically sheets of paper that the church sold (for money) that let the people be forgiven by the sins they did. Martin Luther was one peson who wanted things like this to end. He wrote and nailed a paper that is now called the Ninety-five Theses, which were a series of complaints on the church. This caused a chain reaction, that, caused the Catholic church to split from Protestants.
  • 1543

    20.1- the Scientific Revolution

    In this time, many things were proven, and many things disproved. For one thing, it was disproved that the earth was the center of the earth by Nicolaus Copernicus, proved that moons orbited Jupiter by Galileo Galilei and disproved that planets moved in perfect circles by Johannes Kepler.
  • 20.3-Europe: Power Shift

    Before this time, Spain and Portugal were the two leading powers in Europe. But over thime (and the defeat of the Spanish Armada), England and the Netherlands took the place instead. The Netherlands used their shipbuilders and buisnessmen to become a great trading center, and England used their trade routes with India, China, and their colonies in America to earn their stripes.
  • 21.2- Europe: Enlightenment on monarchs

    People were starting to become more independant and smarter. They figured ou that their rulers, some of them, were being bad to them. Places started to change their ruling ideas. Those rulers became known as enlightened despots.
  • 21.1-Europe:The Enlightenment

    In this time, many big changes happened. People started learning about other things and dicovering new things. This time was called the Enligntenment, also knoen as the Age of Reason. This period in time helped technology and science greatly, as well as people’s beliefs. People looked back to the Greek, Roman, and faudal eras for ideas and proved those ideas right or wrong.
  • 21.3-France: the reign of terror

    In this time, the French wanted to overthrow the government and make new rights for themselves. It started when people took over Bastille, a french prison. The French took the weapons and freed the prisoners, and then, over time, took and overthrew the government. The reign of terror started because the French Revolution left the people struggling and confused, trying to find and elect a new leader.
  • Rosetta Stone found!

    French soldier found the key to decipher the ancient Egypt's hieroglyphics.
  • Pharaoh Tut's pyramid gets raided!

    Treasure, such as jewelry, robes, burial masks, and ivory statues found in a pyramid never explored before.
  • 6.4 Malaysia: sundials inspire clocks

    During the Han dynasty, sundials were created. They were big stick stuck into the ground to measure time based on the shadows made by the sun. Today, we have clocks and watches that we're inspired by that
  • 10.2 Malaysia- Latin inspires English

    The grandfather of English, Latin, was spoken in Rome. Many of the words we have today use Latin and Greek roots. ‘Veto’ (a word we use today) was also used then. It means to prohibit something.
  • 11.2 Christianity is made big

    Because of Cleisthenese, Christianity was promoted. Centuries later, this religion is huge in some areas. It has become the major religion in some countries, and others are being spread to.
  • 12.2: Islam taught today

    Islam is one of the most widely known religion today. It descended from Abraham, and worships the same God as Christians, but with many different traditions. Muslims pray 5 times every day, and have to commit acts of kindness and devotion. These are called the 5 pillars of Islam.
  • Malaysia- Hammurabi's code inspired laws

    Hammurabi's code has inspired today's laws that relate to everyday life. It inspired today's punishments when you break laws.
  • Malaysia-Papyrus inspires paper

    Early Egyptian writing was written on scrolls; layers of reeds pressed together to form sheets. Those sheets have inspired today's paper
  • Malaysia-Kush inspired woman rulers

    Nowadays, there are woman rulers because of (one of the reasons why) we have woman rulers. In Argentina, there is president Christina Fernandez
  • Malaysia-Buddhism is well known

    In the late 500s, Siddharta Gupta became the Buddha. He reached "enlightenment" (when someone achieves full peace with himself/herself). He created Buddhism. Nowadays, Buddhism is one of the largest religions in Asia, and is spreading to America.
  • MD India- nowaday's caste system

    Nowadays, there is still a caste system in India, but it is a lot less strict. It is still quite difficult to change your caste, but it is less strict. In my opinion, one of the reasons why India is so polluted is because of caste. The higher castes throw out their trash, thinking the lower castes will clean it up, but people miss things, and thus the cycle starts.
  • 8.3 Penang: Greek mythology

    The Greeks were polytheistic, and they had hundreds of gods. Today, we read about these gods and write books on their mythology.
  • 9.4 Greek architecture inspires buildings

    Athenian culture valued art, so of course they made amazing statures and buildings. The most famous is called the Parthenon, which has lots of columns around it. Using these kinds of columns inspired buildings and even today you can see them, like on the Lincoln memorial.
  • MD 13.2 Malaysia: overgrazing

    Towards the fall of the Ghana empire (after the invasion), the Almoravids brought their cattle. They had too many cattle, and didn’t give the grass time to grow back. Nowadays you will find only desert where there was once rich soil.
  • MD 14.2 Malaysia: Chinese inventions

    Many of China’s inventions are still used today. The copass always points north, to help with navagating the earth, porcelain is a fine form of pottery, and gunpowder is the basis for guns.
  • MD 15.3 Malaysia: Samurai practice today

    In Japan, being a samurai meant getting paid with food and land, living honorably, and, most importantly, helping protect your daimyo. Samurai live by a code, bushido. It states thatyou must be brave and honorable fighters. Today, even though the samurai class has disappeared, people still train with samurai weapons and armor, and they must also follow bushido.
  • MD 16.3- Malaysia: Communism

    Today, there are many different versions of communism, but the Incas were the raw truth of it. We don’t know if they were very corrupt, but they took in all the good of farmers, tailors, ect., and distributed them among the people. This was also what Joseph Stallin did, but he sometimes ‘forgot’ to distribute it among the people. Today, North Korea is communist.
  • MD 17.2-Europe: Christianity

    Christianity was boosted along its way across history during the middle ages in Europe. Almost everyone there were christians, and they also sent a lot of missionaries (people sent to other contries to convert those people to their religion) across the supercontinent. Saint Patric was an example, being sent to the Irish to convert them. Today, we still send christians across the globe, my parents being two of them!
  • 18.4: Malaysia- Joan of Arc

    Today, Joan of Arc is celebrated as a hero, which, in France’s eyes, she was. She helped rally the troops in the Hundred Years’ War, and helped fight back the English, before being captured and killed. It was enough, though. With Joan’s help, France drove back the English from their contry. Today, France has even put a holiday celebrating her memory on the second Sunday of may
  • 19.2: Malaysia- William Shakespear

    a lot of people think that William Sheakspear was the greatest playwrite of. All. Time. He lived from 1564-1616, and his plays were very popular around that time, and still are today. People re-enact his plays and make movies on them, though the pronunciation has changed quite greatly since then.
  • MD 20.3- Malaysia: the Columbian Exchange

    The exchange of plants, animals, and ideas between the Old World (Europe, Asia) and the New World (America) was called the Columbian Exchange. Today, it impacts us in many ways. We got a great many things from America, things that we rely on today to feed us. Corn, for instance, is everywhere. Potatoes are impactful in out lives, and chocolate helped the candy/sweets industry hugely.
  • M.D. 21.3- America: “We will not go quietly into the night!” (Independance Day)

    In 1776, the U.S. Decleration of Independence was written. It declared the independence of the colonies from British rule. It also stated people’s rights and was declaring that the United States of America was now a free country. This infuences us hugely today, because America is the world’s hub of technology and government.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertle Crescent People

    Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Hittites, Kassites, Chaldeans, Phoenicians
  • Period:
    2,700 BCE
    2,200 BCE

    3.2 Old kingdom-Egypt

    From around 2700-2200 BC, there was the old kingdom. During this time, the Egyptians developed their politics. This was based on the Pharoah was a God. This gave him complete power. Many years later, the priests and nobles had enough political power, they started to challenge the pharaoh, thus ending the old kingdom
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    1,700 BCE

    Chapter 5 Indian Civilization

    Harrapan culture thrives.
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    -220 BCE

    Chapter 6: Chinese dynasties

    During this time, there were many dynasties and beliefs created. There was the Xia dynasty (2200-? BC), the Shang dynasty (1500-1100BC), the Zhou dynasty (1100-481 BC), the Quin dynasty (221-206), and lastly the Han dynasty (206-220 BC). During the Zhou dynasty, many religions and belief especially were made like Confucianism, legalism, and Daoism.
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 8: Greek rule

    During this time, many great things were created through the Greeks. Things like democracy, tyranny, obligarcy, mythology, great poems, and the olympics
  • Period:
    1,500 BCE
    -850 BCE

    3.3 New kingdom ending- Egypt

    Egypt takes control of Kush, but about 200 years later, Kush gains independence again, thus ending the New kingdom in Egypt.
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    -27 BCE

    Chapter 10

    During this time, Rome was built, republics were made, places were conquered, wars were declared, and gladiators rebelled, all in and around the little peninsula of Italy.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    -30 BCE

    Chapter 9

    Greece and Persia were sworn enemies. At times, Persia took up a lot of land around the Greeks, but the Greeks fought them back. During this time, there were many great leader like Cyrus the great, who conquered enemies but let them keep their own customs. There was also Darius, who took the throne and killed all his rivals. The best, though, was Alexander the great, who never lost a battle. He bacame king at 19 when his father died, and Alexander died at 30 because of sickness.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE

    Chapter 12

    During this time period (In Arabia), one of the most popular religions was born. It came from Abraham, and is taught as widely as America now. The Muslims also made incredible contributions to arts, science, astronomy, math, and medicine.
  • Period:
    -500 BCE

    Ch 13: West Africa

    During this time, there were many empires including the Ghana, which was known for its richness, so they created silent bartering. Then there was the Mali empire, which was mostly known for Mansa Musa, the richest man in known history. And lastly the Songhai empire,which was a huge source of learning andMuslim trade.
  • Period:
    -170 BCE
    -150 BCE

    4.5 Kush-Queen Shanakhdakheto

    The first woman to rule Kush was Queen Shanakhdakheto. She ruled form 170 BC to 150 BC. This is very different from other cultures because women mostly stayed at home
  • Period:
    -44 BCE

    Chapter 11

    During this time period, Rome became unstable due to violence being used as a political weapon. Centuries later, this long lasting empire ended.
  • Period:

    Chapter 16

    In this time, three great empires grew and fell over a period of 2500 years: the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas.The Mayas were great architects, creating observatories, or building where people could study the sky. The Aztecs were slightly nuts, since they made, on average, 24 human sacrifices a day for their gods, but they loved riddles, were great architects, and arts. They created causeways, or raised roads to cover boggy land. The Incas were known for their masonry, or stoneworking.
  • Period:

    Chapter 17

    During this time, Feudalism reigned. It was a system that linked lords (a ruler of an area) to vassals (protecters of lords). One lord says to a person, ‘Hey, if you give me protection, I’ll give you land.’ The vassal agrees, and later finds another person. He says the same thing to them, offering a peice of his land in exchange for protection.
  • Period:

    Chapter 15

    During this time, a great empire rose up as Japan. They had samurai, or trained warriors, many great books, such as the Tale of Genji, and dramas, such as Noh. They alsotook in and changed religoun like Bhuddism.
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    Chapter 14

    During this time, many great achivements were made (including ice cream, thanks Marco Polo) and many wars were waged. With the Mongols. With themselves. And with their own government.
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    Chapter 18

    During this time, popes and kings fought for power, fought the muslims, fought the spanish, fought the french, and fought the moors! The kings and popes fought with eachother because they each wanted more power, Christians and Muslims fought over the holy land, England fought the frech in the 100 years’ war, and fought with Spain in the Reconquista!
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    Chapter 19

    In this time, many changes to the world’s art, plays, religouns, and learning called the Renaissance. It satarted in Italy with, believe it or not, the black death. People died, but the land stayed the same, so there were more resources for people to harvest, and soon many people got rich. They had lots of money, and lots of time to spend it on, so they used it for their and other’s learning, arts, plays, and religions.
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    Chapter 20

    In this time, big things started happening, including one of the biggest countries (not literally) was discovered: America! Columbus decided to sail west, thinking that he would find Asia, but instead found Ameica. Many other explorers sailed the seas, including the first pirate, Drake. Isaac Newton proved his laws of motion, and his laws of gravity. Ferdinand Migellan’s crew sailed around the globe, and the Columbian exchange changed lives around the globe.
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    Chapter 21

    In this time, many countries changed governments based on what the Enlightenment told them governments were supposed to act like. The United States of America was declared, the French Revolution caused the Reign of Terror, and the British Parliment gave some power to the king, but also keeping some for themselves. These ideas came from three big people: John Locke, Charles-Lois Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.