19th century Spain

By MvivesM
  • The absolutist phase

    The absolutist phase
    We are talking about the year 1814-1820. Once the French were defeated, Ferdinand VII returned. The political sectors were divided between liberals and absolutists, the king closed the Parliament and annulled Pepa. There was usually a return to the Old Regime.
  • Period: to


    Ferdinand VII served as monarch for 19 years, from May 1814 until his death in 1833. His aim was to re-establish an absolutist monarchy.
  • The liberal phase

    The liberal phase
    The king had to swear in the Constitution and the new Parliament was made up of a majority of liberals. A liberal monarchical system had been established during the year 1820-1823. Ferdinand VII asked Europe for help to restore absolutism. France sent the "Cien mil hijos de San Luís" to Spain in 1823, which was defeated by the Liberals, and Ferdinand VII was again proclaimed absolute monarch.
  • The Ominous Decade

    The Ominous Decade
    Ominous Decade (1823-1833) or second restoration of absolutism is called the period of contemporary history of Spain that corresponds to the last phase of the reign of Fernando VII
  • 1st Carlist war

    1st Carlist war
    After the death of Ferdinand VII (1833), Maria Cristina reigned until 1840, when the first Carlist war also ended, between liberals (or Elizabethans, supporters of bringing the state to a parliamentary monarchy) and Carlists ( conservatives and supporters of absolutism and the structure of the ancien Regime).
  • Period: to


    Maria Cristina de Borbón was the fourth wife of Fernando VII, she occupied the Regency from 1833 to 1840, after the death of her husband. October 4, 1833. The Royal Decrees of January 4 and February 16, 1834 are published.
  • Period: to


    Once Maria Cristina abdicated, the progressive Espartero rose to power. In 1843 she resigned and the Cortes reached the age of majority of Isabel II and at the age of 13 she was proclaimed queen.
  • Social inestability

    Was caused because of the poor working coditions that have the peasants. Over increasing unemployment there was tension between workers and factory owners too.
  • Expropriations

    Their objective was to solve Spain's economic problems, by paying the debts and breaking up large estates from the church.
  • Period: to


    Because of the reign of Isabel II the Absolutism ended in Spain. She established a liberal constitutional monarchy.
  • 2nd Carlist war

    2nd Carlist war
    It began in September 1846 and lasted until May 1849. It was a Catalan revolt against the dictatorship of the moderates and against a series of measures that disrupted the life of the country in which they participated, in addition to the Carlists, progressives and republicans.
  • Alteration of power between moderates and progressists

    The militaries leaders were the people in charge of leading these governments.
  • Provisional government

    Provisional government
    (1860-1870). General Serrano, who was regent, and General Prim, who was the head of the government, looked for a new king for Spain who was not a Bourbon. They also called the Constituent Cortes in order to write a new constitution.
  • Glorious Rveolution

    Glorious Rveolution
    The revolution of 1868 was triggered by the progressives and democrats, who were joined by unionists and led by admiral topete, general prim (progressive) abd general serrano (unionist).
  • Period: to


    During the six years of democracy, several different political solutions were tried out, and all faced numerous problems.
  • Amadeo I of Savoy

    Amadeo I of Savoy
    (1871-1873). Amadeo of Savoy, who was from a liberal monarchy that had contributed to the unification of Italy, was chosen to take the throne. A few days before his arrival, his main supporter, General Prim, was assassinated.
  • The First Republic

    The First Republic
    The First Spanish Republic, was the political regime that existed in Spain from 11 February 1873 to 29 December 1874. The Republic's founding produced after the abdication of King Amadeo on 10 February 1873.