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19th Century America

  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Thomas Jefferson bought a huge piece of land from France that almost doubled the United States. Critics questioned they questioned the constitutional right of the president to buy land
  • Lowell's first Cotton Mill

    Lowell's first Cotton Mill
    Cotton mill were a bunch of cotton spinning mills housed in one building that turn raw cotton into finished cloth
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The goal of the compromise was to maintain the balance of free and slave states. For example, Missouri entered the Union as a slave state and Maine entered the state as a free state. The compromise drew a line to determine future border of free and slave states.
  • Andrew Jackson elected

    Andrew Jackson elected
    In 1824, Jackson loses the presidential election to John Quincy Adams even though he had the most votes. This decision led to splits, Jackson –Democrats and Adams-Republicans. In 1828 new states in the west had achieved greater voting power and made sure that Jackson won.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Gold was found on Indian land and president Andrew Jackson kicked them out and forced them into Oklahoma.
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    Trail of Tears

    When gold was discovered on Cherokee land in Georgia, the tribe was forced to move. In 1838, their farms, businesses, and property were taken by white settlers and the state of Georgia. On the 800 mile walk to present day Oklahoma, 4,000 Cherokee died.
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    Mexican American War

    The war was fought over disputed land between Mexico and America. This was caused by two things. One was Americas belief in Manifest Destiny. And the other was Mexico'd government didn't want to give up half their country.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California was a free state but Utah and New Mexico territories were slave territories. It also brought the fugitive slave law in; slaves couldn’t escape to Free states in the North.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and was mainly about a slave’s point of view that was living in the South. The book was about how the main character, Uncle Tom, had 3 slave owners. Two were nice to him and the third beat him and accused him of not telling where two escaped slaves were hiding.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    The North and the south both went to kansas to influence weather slavery was in Kansas or not. They broke out in war when they both realized they had the same idea.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Kansas and Nebraska were two territories that had passed through Congress. The Act was based on popular sovereignty and the Northerners were scared that slavery would plague across the country.
  • Bessemer Process Patented

    Bessemer Process Patented
    The first cheap method of making steel was invented by Henry Bessemer in 1856. The process is that air is blown into a furnace containing molten iron. The excess carbon burns out and the other impurities slag, creating steel
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Slaves don’t have the right to bring a case to federal court. Dred Scott wasn’t free if his master moved to a free state. Supreme Court declared that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because it outlawed property in certain states.
  • Oil discovered in Pennsylvania

    Oil discovered in Pennsylvania
    Edwin L. Drake made the first successful use of drilling.
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    John Brown raided federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. He planned to lead an armed slave revolt. H was captured and executed after the raid. He was seen as a martyr in the North.
  • Lincoln was Elected

    Lincoln was Elected
    Lincoln was elected president and many people say that that was the start of the war. He was elected after the war too and was soon assasinated.
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    The Civil War

    The Civil War was a war fought between the split U.S., north and south, and they fought over slavery. The south, or Confederacy, fought pro-slavery and the north, or Union, fought anti-slavery.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    In early 1863 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in the Confederate states. This gave the North a moral cause for winning. This proclamation was ignored by the Confederacy.
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    Battle of Gettysburg

    The battle with the largest number of casualties in the Civil War, is sometimes called the turning point in the war. This battle ended Robert E. Lee's invasion in the North.
  • Carnegie forms his steel company

    Carnegie forms his steel company
    Carnegie started producing steel in Venango, Pennsylvania. This influenced the production of skyscrapers and other very tall buildings
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    Sherman's march to the sea

    Sherman's troops left Atlanta, Georgia on November 16th and ended the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21.
  • The 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment
    This amendment formally abolished slavery
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    This was the surrender of Robert E Lee's army to the Union army.
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln Assassinated
    Abraham Lincoln was assassinated while watching a play. The man who assasssinated him was killed. The man was a southern rebel who didn't think Lincoln should have been elected President
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    This was the period of time from after the Civil War until after we 'reconstructed' our society
  • The 14th Amendment

    The 14th Amendment
    This amendment protected the rights of recently freed slaves.
  • The Black Codes

    The Black Codes
    These laws intended to restrict the freedom and opportunities of African Americans. The black codes served 3 purposes: the first was to spell out the rights of African Americans. They could own property, work for wages, marry, and file lawsuits. Other civil rights such as the right to vote or serve on juries, were denied. The second purpose was to ensure a workforce for planters who had lost their slaves.The third purpose did not allow them to have jobs except farmwork and unskilled labor.
  • Johnson's Impeachment

    Johnson's Impeachment
    His inpeachment was a result of a political conflict.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    This railroad was the railroad of the century. Built in 6 years, the entire 2,000 miles was layed entirely by hand
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Colored people were allowed to vote
  • Standard Oil Formed

    Standard Oil Formed
    John D Rockefeller, founder of Standard Oil, became the richest man in the world during his time. Standard Oil was a monoply and a corporation which started in Clevland, Ohio, soon spread across the U.S., giving Rockefeller thousands of dollars each month.
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    The Gilded Age

    The Gilded Age was a time when people acted like everything was just fine when underneath it all, it wasn't.
  • First Telephone Called

    First Telephone Called
    Alexander Graham Bell made the first phone call to his assistant in Paris, France.
  • First Lightbulb Invented

    First Lightbulb Invented
    It took Thomas Edison over 1000 different supplements to finally find one that would not burn but glow when electricity flows through it.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Sherman Antitrust Act requires the U.S. federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of violating the Act. It also declared unfair monopolies illegal.