19th Century America

  • Louisiana

    Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase for 15 million dollars. The purchase doubled the size of the U.S.
  • Lowell’s first cotton mill

    Lowell’s first cotton mill
    After a trip to Britain, Lowell opened the first power loom in Waltham, Massachusetts. It built up the American textile manufacturing industry.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was an agreement between the North and the South. It drew a line across the Louisiana Purchase at the latitude of 36'30 and slavery wasn't allowed above the line.
  • Andrew Jackson Election

    Andrew Jackson Election
    After losing the election of 1824 against John Quincy Adams in what was known as "The Corrupt Bargain", mainly because Andrew Jackson had more votes. He was elected in 1828 and was known as the "People's President". He was known for his huge inauguration party and his support for the Indian Removal Act.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Removal Act forced Indians to move into reserves so Americans could settle their land.
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    Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears is the 800 mile walk the Cherokee Indians had to make when the American Militia forced them from their homelands. Although they had tried to adopt American habits and the sumpreme court had ruled in their favor, many Indians died along the way because of the poor conditions.
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    Mexican American War

    The war was started over the disputed territory between Texas and Mexico. America won the war, and gained the disputed territory and parts of California
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Henry Clay made the compromise in the hope that everyone would agree on the argument over slavery. It made a stronger fugitive slave law, admitted California as a free state, and divided the Southwest Territories into New Mexcico and Utah, which would be slave territories
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    It was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. It was based on the life of a slave who was mistreated by his owner. It intensified the conflict between the North and the South.
  • Kansas- Nebraska Act

    Kansas- Nebraska Act
    It allowed the states of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not they wanted to allow slavery, based on popular sovereignty.
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    Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas is when the Kansas territory was fought over by pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters over whether the territory would be free or slave.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott was a slave who took his case to court because he thought he should be free since he's lived in free states. His trial was unsuccesful and the conflict between the North and the South increased.
  • Oil discovered in Pennsylvania and a Sucessful Well built

    Oil discovered in Pennsylvania and a Sucessful Well built
    Oil was found in Titusville, Pennsylvannia and caused an oil rush. It changed a small city into a major industry
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    John Brown's Raid was an attempt by an abolitionist to start an armed slave revolt by seizing an Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia.
  • Lincoln Election

    Lincoln Election
    When Abraham Lincoln, a Northern free-soiler was elected president. The election caused the secession of several southern states.
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    The Civil War

    The civil war started because of the conflict between the North and the South over slavery. The North won the war and the South had to rejoin the Union without slavery.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The document written by Abraham Lincoln that declared all slaves free.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War, and it is called the war's turning point.
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    Black Codes

    A list of laws that seperated the blacks form the whites and limited their rights.
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    Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea was when the Union army resorted to Total war, marching from Tenesseeto Savannah, Georgia.
  • 13th Amendment passed

    13th Amendment passed
    It abolished slavery.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    When the South finally surrendered the war at a court house in Virginia.
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    The time period when the South try to find ways to get around the law against slavery, while the North tries to banish any kind of discrimination.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    President Lincoln was assasinated in a theatre by John Wilkes Booth after the end of the civil war.
  • Bessemer process patented

    Bessemer process patented
    The Englishmen, Henry Bessemer invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively, which was needed for skyscrapers.
  • Johnson’s Impeachment

    Johnson’s Impeachment
    When President Andrew Johnson was impeached for firing one of his officers hwen he had no right to.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    All people born in the United States are citizens of the United States.
  • Transcontinental Railroad completed

    Transcontinental Railroad completed
    It was a railroad line built in the United States of America between 1863 and 1869 by the Central Pacific R and the Union Pacific. It connected Omaha, Nebraska and San Francisco, California.
  • Standard Oil Formed

    Standard Oil Formed
    It was founded by John D. Rockefellar and it controleld the oil business by making deals with railroads and bankrupting other companies.
  • 15th Amendment Ratfication

    15th Amendment Ratfication
    It states that the right to vote can't be denied based on someone's race or color.
  • First telephone call

    First telephone call
    Alexander Graham Bell is the inventor of the first practical telephone. It allowed people to communicate over long distances with their voices.
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    The Gilded Age

    It was when alot of people became rich from corruption in the industry such as bribes, deals, and other illegal actions. The name describes how it looks great on the outside but fake on the inside.
  • Light bulb invented

    Light bulb invented
    It was invented by Thomas Edison and provided a practical and more efficient way to provide light.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    Sherman Antitrust Act was the first act passed by Congress ban trusts, but it did little to stop the monopolies that ruled over the industries.
  • Carnegie forms his Steel Company

    Carnegie forms his Steel Company
    Carnegie Steel Company was created by Andrew Carnegie to control business at his steel mills in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area in the late 19th century.