19th century

19th Century America

By pagie_a
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    In 1803, Thomas Jefferson bought a large amount of land from France for $15 million. The idea to do so was inspired by the belief of Manifest Destiny.
  • Lowell's First Cotton Mill

    Lowell's First Cotton Mill
    He is the father of the factory system. He used a series of machines housed in one building, that made finished cloth out of raw cotton.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The goal of this compromise was to maintain a balance between free and slave states, like Missouri entered as a slave state, so Maine entered as a free one. It drew a line to determine the future border between free and slave states. John Quincy Adams referred to it as the “title page to a great tragic volume”.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected

    Andrew Jackson Elected
    Andrew Jackson ran for president in 1824, and while he won the popular votes, the electoral votes he lost. He ran again in 1828, this time winning due to his new Democratic Party for the common man, and created the spoils system for his loyal supporters.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    In 1830, and act was passed called the Indian Removal act, which cleared all Indians east of the Mississippi River and was praised by President Andrew Jackson.
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    Trail of Tears

    Some tribes went along, tribes like the Sauk and Fox resisted with armed forces, nearly wiping them out. The Cherokees lost around 4,000 of their tribe.
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    Mexican American War

    The Mexican-American war was over Texas, and while it was inspired by Manifest Destiny, it’s unclear whether or not we were justified. Originally, Texas was claimed from the Louisiana Purchase, but when they got Florida, America gave Texas up.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    While California was admitted as a free state, Utah and New Mexico were admitted as slave states. A strict fugitive slave law was passed and the North was NOT pleased.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Written by Harriet Beacher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin explained Uncle Tom’s experience with 3 slaveholders, the last one abusing him and beating him to death for not telling where 2 escaped slaves were hiding. She wanted to end slavery, but instead increased hostility.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act was created in 1856 with southern support and dismay from the north. The Republican Party took a stand against it.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Bleeding Kansas was sort of a mini civil war between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces. It was a sort of prelude to the bigger civil war, warning the country of dark times ahead.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    When Dred Scott brought his case to court, the two questions asked were: was he free if his owner moved to a free state? And do slaves have the right to bring a federal case to court? The decision of no for both enraged the north.
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    John Brown was a radical abolitionist. He raided Harper's Ferry, a federal arsenal, in attempt to create a slave rebellion. No slaves showed up, and rather the militia and some federal troupes apprehended he and his men. He was hung on December 2nd after being found guilty of treason.
  • Lincoln Elected

    Lincoln Elected
    Lincoln being elected president was the final straw for the south to secede. He was a free-soiler abolitionist, and the south were very displeased. In some southern states, his name was not even on the ballot.
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    The Civil War

    The civil war was a war between the north and the south. Lincoln claimed the war was beccause he wanted to keep the country together after the south seceded, not just to abolish slavery(although that was also a pro). The north was the union, and the south were the confederates. It caused many American deaths.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    It was ignored by the confederate states, and did not apply to border states. However, this was a very defiant of the south thing that Lincoln declared, and made the north pleased.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    This was the battle with the most deaths in the whole war. It lasted until July 3rd.
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    Reconstruction involved mostly Lincoln's vice president, because of president Lincoln's assasination. The vice was a southerner, and he was almost impeached at one point. The south continuously tried to get out of some laws with loopholes, preventing north and south from uniting once more.
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    Sherman's March to the Sea

    It was a part of the Anaconda Plan. It enraged southerners, and scared them. The plan divided the south into three parts.
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    Black Codes

    Black codes were laws put in place in order to limit the privedges and rights of black citizens. They were put in place with the loopholes of the amendments.
  • Surrender at the Appotomax Courthouse

    Surrender at the Appotomax Courthouse
    The union soldiers surrounded Robert E. Lee's on three sides, preventing them from advancing.
  • Lincoln Assasinated

    Lincoln Assasinated
    He was assasinated just 5 days after Lee's surrender, and was assasinated in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth. It was part of a conspriacy with some other people to throw the union government into disarray.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, unless it was somebody being punished for committing a crime.
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    Johnson's Impeachment

    Andrew Johnson was saved by just one vote. Had one vote been changed, he would have been impeached, however, he was not.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment basically stated that no state could deny a US citizen, which did not depend on race, life, liberty, or property. Any person born in the US was a US citizen, no matter their race.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    After a grueling process, the Transcontinental Railroad was finally completed. It made travel much more efficient and increased steel and wood production, as well as shipped goods faster.
  • Standard Oil Formed

    Invented by Rockefeller, the Standard Oil Company became a monopoly.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The 15th Amendment stated that no person can be denied voting priveledges due to race, color, or previous servitude by the state or United states.
  • Lightbulb Completed

    Lightbulb Completed
    Invented by Thomas Alva Edison. He used parts from a bamboo fan after searching for a long time for a filament that would burn for a long time.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    The Sherman Antitrust outlawed trusts so that no monopolies could be created. It outlawed trusts, and if suspected of being violated, it was federally investigated.
  • The Gilded Age

    Mark Twain state that America looked like gold on the outside but when you look at it close you call tell its anything but gold.
  • Carnegie Forms Steel Company

    Carnegie Forms Steel Company
    Carnegie formed the Carnegie steel company on this date. He used vertical integration, controlling every step of the steel making process.