Civil war

19th Century America

  • Louisiana Purchase

    The UNited States Bought The Louisiana Territory from France, doubling the size of the US.
  • First Cotton Mil

    The first textile mill was brought to America from England by Lowell
  • Missouri Compromise

    A compromise was passed to forbid slave states above the missouri line and to forbid free states under it.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected

    Andrew Jackson was elected for the Democratic party. He was the first democratic president.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Andrew Jackson passed a law that removed all Native Americans from the eastern seaboard and into the Louisiana Territory
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    Trail of Tears

    This was when Native Americans were forced to move in terrible conditions from the eastern seaboard to the Louisiana Territory. Many died in grueling conditions, they had little help from the American Government
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    Mexican-American War

    The US was at war with Mexico
  • Compromise of 1850

    Henry Clay passed a compromise admitting California to the union as a free state, Arizona and New Mexico as slave states, and inacted the fugative slave law
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin Published

    Harriet Beecher-Stove published Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book that depicted the horrible life of a slave. Northerners were enraged when they found out how slaves were really treated
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas and Nebraska were both admitted to the union under popular soveringty (people voted on whether they wanted it to be a slave or free state) THis caused bleeding Kansas and many other disputes.
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    Bleeding Kansas

    Many people immagrated to Kansas to influence the vote on whether it'd be a free or slave state. This caused much corruption and violence.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott, a slave, sued for his freedom. The court ruled that he can't sue for his freedom for his property, This was a contriversal decision and northerners were outraged
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown lead an attack on a weapons stockpile in Virgina trying to start a slave revolt. He was unsucessful and was seen as a martyr in the North and a terrorist in the South.
  • Oil Found in Pennsylvania

    The discovery of oil in Pennsylvania gave America's economy a huge boom
  • Bessmer Process Patented

    The Bessmer process was a revolutionary way to make steel. This allowed for mass production and cheap prices. This was the day it was patented.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected

    Abraham Lincoln was elected, Southerners were enraged, this caused secession
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    Civil War

    The Union faught the Confederate States of America, many died, and eventually the North won and repaired the Union. It was the bloodiest war in US history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issued a law that all states in the ocnfederacy had to free their slaves, They igored this because Lincoln had no power over them. This gave Union troops a morale cause to fight for.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    A union victory in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the bloodiest multi-day battle in the Civil War
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    Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman went from Tennessee to the coast in Savannah and destroyed everything in his path. He implied total war to try to get the South to surrender.
  • 13th Amendment Passed

    Thisamendment outlawed slavery in America, even in the border states.
  • Lincoln Assisinated

    Lincoln was shot by John Wilks Booth while attending a play at Ford's theatre.
  • Surrender At Appatomax Courthouse

    Robert E. Lee and Ulessyes S Grant signed a peace treaty, The North winning.
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    This is the period where America is getting put back together, blacks were venturing out into the free world, there were many civil rights issues, and the South was getting acclimated into the Union again.
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    Black Codes in Effect

    Black code laws that limited oppurtunities for blacks were in effect in this time.
  • Andre Johnson's Impeachment

    Andrew Johnson was impeached by congress at this time, he was impeached because he fired one of his officials when congress specifically forbid him to.
  • 14th Amendment

    this amendment stated that laws must apply equally to all citizents
  • Trans-Continental Railroad completed

    A railroad connecting San Fransisco to the eastern side of America was completed, boosting trade and logistics in the country
  • 15th Amendment Passed

    This amendment states than any citizen over the age of 18 can vote no matter what color or race.
  • Standard Oil Formed

    Standard Oill, the largest monopoly in America was formed by John D. Rockefeller
  • Andrew Carnigie forms US Steel

    US steel, one of the first monopolies in America was founded on this date
  • First Telephone Call Made

    On this date in 1876 the first phone call was made by Alexander Grahm Bell's telephone, this allowed easier communication than using morse code with the telegraph
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    Gilded Age

    Mark Twain Called this time period the Gilded Age because it seemed to be "golden" but really once you got past the golden laywer of America it was just disgusting, the opposite of gold.
  • Lightbulb Invented

    Thomas Edison had his first sucessful test of the lightbulb on this day. The lightbulb brought power to cities which allowed for electric appliances in the home and America to be working all day and night.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act Passed

    Congress passed a bill that tried to stop monopolies in America and to try to grow competition.