1960-present timeline

Timeline created by shaybay003
  • Pipeline Completed for Gas Transport

    Pipeline Completed for Gas Transport
    The 1770 km oil pipeline from Edmonton to the Great Lakes was completed. The pipeline linked Canada's gas fields with the markets of central Canada.
  • Sixties Scoop

    Sixties Scoop
    There were more than 20,000 First Nation, Métis, and Inuit children who were “scooped” away from their homes. They were then adopted mainly into non-Indigenous families. Due to this many adopted children lost their sense of cultural identity.
  • Opening of Seaway

    Opening of Seaway
    St Lawrence Seaway was opened for commercial shipping. Queen Elizabeth II and President Eisenhower dedicated it on June 26. The Seaway was a mode of transportation for ocean-going vessels from Lake Superior to Montréal.
  • Natives get the right to Vote

    Natives get the right to Vote
    Modifying the Indian Act allowed First Nation people to vote without losing their Indian status or treaty rights.
  • Liberals win in Quebec

    Liberals win in Quebec
    The Liberals under Jean Lesage won the Québec provincial election They finally broke the hold of the Union National. This signaled that it was the time for change and reform called-Quiet Revolution. Lesage was sworn in as premier on 5 Jul.
  • Medicare Act

    Medicare Act
    The Saskatchewan Medicare Act came into effect. A lot of Saskatchewan doctors closed their offices. The Medical Care Insurance Commission brought doctors from out of the province to meet the emergency. Medicare was the first government-controlled, universal, comprehensive single-payer medical insurance plan in the continent of North America.
  • 1st Canadian Satellite

    1st Canadian Satellite
    Alouette 1 is a deactivated Canadian satellite that studied the ionosphere. Launched in 1962, it was Canada's first satellite, and the first satellite constructed by a country other than the Soviet Union or the United States.
  • Bilingualism and Biculturalism Established

    Bilingualism and Biculturalism Established
    To make the francophones happy Bicultuaralism and Bilingualism are established. The Quebec citizens still feel that this isn't enough. In 1969, the Official Languages Act makes Canada a bilingual nation.
  • Canadian Flag

    Canadian Flag
    Canada's new flag was made official after much debate. The bold distinctive red leaf with white background and red border. The Flag of Canada was raised for the first time on Parliament Hill, Ottawa.
  • Canada's Birthday

    Canada's Birthday
    Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of Confederation. The main event was Expo 67. This was a fair world to Montreal.
    Canda's centennial was a year-long celebration held in 1967.
  • Launch of Anik A-1

    Launch of Anik A-1
    The world's first geostationary domestic satellite, Anik A-, was launched by Canada.
  • Launch of Anik A-2

    Launch of Anik A-2
    The telecommunications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. With its launch, Canada became the first country in the world to employ satellites for domestic communications.
  • Launch of Anik A-3

    Launch of Anik A-3
    Communications satellite Anik A-3 was launched.
  • Summer Olympics

    Summer Olympics
    Montreal becomes the first Canadian city to host the Summer Olympics. The 1976 Montreal Olympics are best known for their high price tag which took 30 years to pay off, but the Games left behind another legacy, too.
  • The Boat People

    The Boat People
    There were hundreds of thousands of refugees who fled Vietnam after the war there, often risking their lives in small crowded boats. Canadians agreed to help. They called the refugees "the boat people. Everyone sponsored to help them settle in Canadian communities.
  • Terry Fox Run

    Terry Fox Run
    Terry Fox began his run for Marathon of Hope in St. John's, New Foundland. The run was to raise money for cancer research. The run ended on 1 September in Thunder Bay, Ontario, after cancer was discovered in his lungs. There was over $10 million raised within days of the marathon.
  • The Quebec Refferandum

    The Quebec Refferandum
    The first of two Quebec referendums are held. The Quebec voters are asked whether or not to approve negotiations leading to the province’s sovereignty. The “No” side wins with 60 percent support. Quebec remains a part of Canada.
  • Canada Act

    Canada Act
    The British House of Commons passed the Canada Act of 1982. This was adopted by the House of Lords on March 25. The Act ended British legislative authority over Canada. Queen Elizabeth II signed the proclamation in Ottawa on April 17.
  • Canadian Charter of Rights

    Canadian Charter of Rights
    The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms came into effect. The Charter promised all Canadians fundamental rights, democratic rights, mobility rights, legal rights, equality rights, and linguistic rights.
  • Free Trade Agreement

    Free Trade Agreement
    The Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the US began. This agreement progressed and expanded through NAFTA later. NAFTA intensely altered and progressed the economic relationship between Canada and the United States.
  • Oka Crisis

    Oka Crisis
    The Oka Crisis began due to a plan for expanding a golf course and build luxury condominiums on disputed lands which also involved the burial grounds of the Mohawk people. There was a 78-day violent deadlock between Mohawk protestors, police, and the army in Oka.
  • Last Residential School

    Last Residential School
    The last residential school in Canada was the Gordon Residential School in Punnichy, Saskatchewan. It was opened in 1876, it was closed in 1996.
  • Nunavut becomes a Canadian territory

    Nunavut becomes a Canadian territory
    Nunavut officially becomes Canada’s newest territory. This territory was established through a federal Act. Nunavut is remains of what was once the eastern section of the Northwest Territories. The became a territory from negotiations to settle land claims and establish self-governance for the region’s Inuit population.