When the U.S. bought 828,000 square miles of land from France for very cheap.
Lowell's First Cotten Mill
Francais Cabot Lowell viewed power looms in Britain and was able to re-create them and make a cotton mill.
Missouri entered the Union as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state. It also established the Missouri Compromise line that would decide whether all the other states would be slave or free.
Andrew Jackson's Election
When Adrew Jackson was elected as the seventh president. He passed the Indian Removal Act and used a spoils system when he was elected.
Indian Removal Act
When President Andrew Jackson signed a law that meant all Native Americans were to be moved off of their land and to Oklahoma.
Trail of Tears
When the Indians were moved to Oklahoma and many of them died en route.
Mexican American War
When the U.S.went to war with Mexico after annexing Texas. The war lasted until 1848
Compromise of 1850
This was when California was admitted as a free state and the Fugitive Slave Law was passed as well. This angered both sides,
Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
This book changed peoples views of slavery and helped bring to light what a serious issue it was; it got the North riled up
When the territories of Kansas and Nebraska were opened to popular soverignty and the Misouri Compromise was repealed.
When many people, both pro- and anti- slavery, flocked to Kansas to try and sway the vote of whether or not it became a free state or a slave state.
Henry Bessemer's Steel Process
This was when Bessemer patented his process of blowing air through molten iron to get steel.
Dred Scott Decision
When the Supreme Court ruled that even if an African American moved to a free state, they were still slaves because the government can't take away property.
John Browns Raid
When John Brown tried to raid the Harpers Ferry Arsenal, but was unsuccessful. He wanted to arm the slaves and start a rebellion, but his back-up didn't show up. He was viewed as a martyr in the North and a traitor in the South
First Oil Well in Pennsylvania
Edwin Drake drilled the first successful oil well in Pennsylvania
Lincolns Election of 1860
When Lincoln was elected it sparked outrage in the South and was the last straw. He wasn't even on the ballots in the South
The Civil War
When the South secedded from the Union and formed the Confederacy and the Union fought them to get them back.
When Lincoln "freed" all the confederate slaves. This didn't do much, since the Soth wasn't going to listen to Lincoln, but it gave the Union a cause, ending slavery.
Battle of Gettysburg
This was a major turning point in the war and a huge Union victory.
Sherman's March to the Sea
When Sherman used total war tactics to march through Georgia to the Sea and split the Confederacy in two.
Appomattox Court House
One of the last battles of the Civil War
After the Civil War, this was the period of time for rebuilding the South and also for trying to gain more rights for the newly freed slaves.
Assassination of Abraham Lincon
Lincoln was assassinated in the Ford's theater by John Wilkes Booth. This left his vice president, Andrew Johnson, as president and angered the North.
Abolishes slavery for good in the United States
Laws that put African Americans in a position quite similar to when they were slaves, and made sure they wouldn't be able to move up on the ladder of success.
Andrew Johnson's Impeachment
The Senate tried to impeach Johnson, but ended up being one vote short.
Stated that the law must operate equally under all and that anyone born or naturalized in the united states was a citizen.
Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
This was was the last spike was drvien into the railroad and officially completed it. This was the first railroad that went all the way across the country, and ensabled faster shipping and transportation.
Nobody can be denied voting rights based on color or race or previous condition of servitude.
Standard Oil Company Formed
John. D. Rockefeller forms his company, Standard Oil
The Gilded Age
A time period that seemed golden because of wealth but was actually quite corrupt.
First Telephone Call
Alexander Grahm Bell made the first telephone call.
First successful Electric Light
This was when Edison made the first successful light bulb.
Sherman's Anti-Trust Act
An uinsuccessful law to try and stop monopolies and trusts.