1800 to 1876 U.S. History timeline

  • White house

    White house
    President John Adams became the first President to live in the White House, then it was known as the Executive Mansion and 16 days later, the U.S. Congress holds its first session in Washington, D.C.
  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas Jefferson is elected President of the United States, in a vote of the House of Representatives after tying with Aaron Burr, his Vice President.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Discussions to buy New Orleans begin when Monroe and Livingston sail to Paris, ending with the complete purchase of the Louisiana Purchase 3 months later. On April 30, 1803.
  • American Duel

    American Duel
    The duel between Alexander Hamilton and Vice President Aaron Burr, longtime political rivals, occurs in Weehawken, New Jersey, culminating in the death of Hamilton.
  • Battle at Derma

    Battle at Derma
    American Marines and Berbers attack the Tripoli city of Derma. Land and Naval forces would battle against tripoli until peace concluded with the United States on June 4, 1805.
  • Slave importation

    Congress passes an act that prohibits the importation of slaves into any port within the confines of the United States from any foreign land. It was to take effect on January 1, 1808.
  • Federal Government

    The Supreme Court rules that the power of the federal Government is greater than that of any individual state.
  • James Madison

    James Madison
    James Madison is Inaugurated, succeeding Thomas Jefferson as President.
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    War of 1812

    President James Madison asks Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom. June 18, 1812 Madison signs the Declaration after Congress approves war with Great Britain. August 24, 1814 the White House is burned. Madison has to evacuate. December 24, 1814 a peace treaty is signed between the British and American Governments at Ghent, bringing an end to the war of 1812.
  • Star Spangled Banner

    Star Spangled Banner
    Francis Scott Key writes the words to the Star Spangled Banner during the twenty-five hour bombardment of Fort McHenry at the head of the river leading to the Baltimore harbor.
  • James Monroe

    James Monroe
    James Monroe is inaugurated as the President of the United States.
  • Flag adopted

    Flag adopted
    The flag of the United States is officially adopted by Congress.
  • Missouri compromise

    The Missouri compromise bill, sponsored by Henry Clay passes the U.S. Congress. This allowed slaves in Missouri but not in any locations to the West of the Mississippi river.
  • Women strike

    Women strike
    The first strike by female workers occurs in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
  • John Quincy Adams

    John Quincy Adams
    John Quincy Adams is inaugurated as President, His Vice President was John C. Calhoun.
  • internal combustion engine

    The internal combustion engine named " Gas or Vapor engine" is patented by American Samuel Morey.
  • Railroad

    The first passenger railroad in the U.S. begins
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson
    Andrew Jackson is inaugurated President of the United States
  • Typographer

    William Austin Burt, of the United States invents and patents the typewriter, at the time called the typographer.
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    Texas and the Alamo

    The battle for the Alamo is waged in San Antonio, Texas when 3,000 Mexican troops under Santa Ana attack the mission and its 189 defenders. Texas troops lose the battle after a 13 day siege. On March 2, 1836, Texas independence was declared.
  • The first revolver

    The first revolver
    The patent for the first revolver is awarded to Samuel Colt.
  • Martin Van Buren

    Martin Van Buren
    Martin Van Buren is inaugurated as President of the United States.
  • Van Buren out

    President Martin Van Buren is defeated by William Henry Harrison.
  • William Harrison

    William Harrison
    President William Henry Harrison dies from Pneumonia.
  • John Tyler

    John Tyler
    Vice President John Tyler Succeeds William Henry Harrison after his death.
  • Tires are born

    Tires are born
    The patent for Vulcanization, the process for strengthening rubber, is granted to Charles Goodyear.
  • James K Polk

    James K Polk
    James K Polk was Inaugurated as the President of the United States.
  • Zachary Taylor

    Zachary Taylor
    Zachary Taylor was inaugurated as the President of the United States.
  • Millard Fillmore

    Millard Fillmore
    Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the President of the United States. One day after Zachary Taylor died.
  • Franklin Pierce

    Franklin Pierce
    Franklin Pierce wins the Presidency.
  • New party is born

    The Republican party is founded.
  • James Buchanan

    James Buchanan
    James Buchanan is inaugurated as the President of the United States.
  • Light the way

    Light the way
    The Cape Lookout, North Carolina lighthouse, is lit for the first time.
  • Confederate states

    in Montgomery, Alabama the convention to form the Confederate state of America opens. Four days later, with Jefferson Davis as President, Seven Southern states officially set up the C.S.A.
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the President of the United States.
  • Bull run

    The first battle of bull run Manassas, Virginia occurs.
  • Emancipation

    President Lincoln issues the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, stating all slaves in places of rebellion against the Federal Government would be free as of January 1, 1863.
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    The battle of Gettysburg took place, over 51,000 were left dead, wounded, or missing.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address in a cemetery in Pennsylvania. Many believe his speech to be the best speech in American history. It captured the essence of the Civil war as both sacrifice and inspiration.
  • Assassination

    Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford's theater, Washington, D.C.. He was shot by John Wilkes Booth.
  • Andrew Johnson

    Andrew Johnson
    Andrew Johnson was Inaugurated as President of the United States after Lincoln was assassinated.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment, Abolishing slavery, takes effect.
  • Klu Klux Klan

    Klu Klux Klan
    The Klu Klux Klan is formed.
  • Impeachment trial

    The Impeachment trial for Andrew Johnson begins in the Senate. Johnson was charged with violating the tenure of office act by trying to remove the Secretary of war, Edwin M. Stanton, the President was acquitted by one vote.
  • Ulysses S Grant

    Ulysses S Grant
    Ulysses S Grant was inaugurated as President of the United States.
  • Changes in Congress

    The first African-American was sworn into Congress, he joined the Senate.
  • let's vote

    let's vote
    The 15th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified by the Secretary of State. It gave the right to vote to black Americans.
  • Little Big Horn

    Little Big Horn
    the Battle of Little Big Horn occurs.