1800-1876

Timeline created by jbeavers
In History
  • Thomas Jefferson is Elected President

    As the first republican president, Jefferson represents a victory for non-elite to take direct control over the government.
  • Washington D.C become the capital

    Capital is transformed from Philadelphia to Washington D.C.
  • Creation of Judicial Review

    John Marshall's ruling in Marbury v. Madison creates the power of judicial review, in other words, the right to declare laws passed by congress unconstitutional.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    In his crowning achievement as president, Jefferson purchases Louisiana from France. The U.S nearly doubles in size.
  • New Jersey Adopts Gradual Emancipation of Slaves

    New Jersey was the last northern state to adopt gradual emancipation of slaves.
  • Tecumseh's Confederacy

    The alliance among Native tribes increases the threat of a Native uprising.
  • First Steamboat

    Robert Fulton establishes the first commercial steamboat along the Hudson River.
  • Jefferson's Embargo Act

    Although the act closed the American ports to all foreign trade to maintain American neutrality during the European conflict, it sent the nation into a deep depression instead.
  • Atlantic Slave Trade is Outlawed

    Congress decides to outlaw the slave trade in the U.S, in order to not concede any moral high ground to Britain and in response to the Haitian Revolution.
  • Lowell Recreates the Powered Loom

    From memory, Lowell recreates the powered loom used in Manchester, England. Thus, he contributes to the technological industrialization of America.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Jackson's victory in the Battle of New Orleans boosts morale, although the battle is carried out after the war had ended.
  • James Monroe is Elected President

    Monroe's election marks the death of federalists.
  • The American System

    Calhoun and Henry Clay promote the American System, that aimed to make America economically independent from Europe and called for a network of roads and canals that connected the nation.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    John Quincy Adams negotiates with Spain to cede Florida to the U.S.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Compromise admitted Missouri as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and determined slavery for the rest of the Louisiana Territory.
  • Lowell's Mill

    Lowell's Mill becomes the first modern American factory as it centralized the process of textile manufacturing one roof.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine declares that the entire hemisphere is henceforth off-limits to European colonization.
  • John Quincy Adams is Elected President

    After a corrupt bargain with Henry Clay that circumvented popular sovereignty, Adams was elected president.
  • Creation of Erie Canal

    The Erie Canal secures New York City's position as the nation's largest and most economically important city.
  • First Long-Distance Rail Line

    Maryland launches the first long-distance rail line, the Baltimore and Ohio railroad.
  • Andrew Jackson is Elected President

    Jackson's election represented the victory of the interest of ordinary Americans against the powerful elite.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Calhoun argues the doctrine of nullification: states have the right to nullify an act from federal government. The crisis united the ideas of secession and states' rights.
  • Tariffs of Abominations

    Tariffs anger southern states and induce fear that the federal government would attack slavery.
  • Indian Removal act

    Congress relocated Indians that lived in the east to the west of the Mississippi River, therefore opening a widespread availability of cheap land for the cultivation of cotton.
  • Turner's Rebellion

    As a consequence of the bloody revolt, the South institutes much stricter slave laws to prevent another slave rebellion.
  • Texas Declares its Independence from Mexico

    American settlers in Mexican Texas opposing Santa Anna's policies began to call for independence from Mexico. Thus, their independence allowed the possibility of its annexation to the U.S.
  • Trail of Tears

    Cherokee Indians, and many other tribes, were forced to travel from Georgia to present-day Oklahoma, with many dying along the way.
  • Ten-Hour Movement

    MEA mobilizes a partially successful movement to limit workdays to ten hours across all industries.
  • Child Labor

    Labor activism demands limits for child labor based on age, working hours, and assurance of schooling.
  • Communication Revolution

    Samuel Morse created the first telegraph line, thus revolutionizing communication.
  • Texas is Annexed

    Tyler's official offer to annex Texas is accepted, and thus Texas becomes the 28th state.
  • Oregon Treaty

    The agreement fixes the U.S - Canadian border at the 49th parallel. Besides, it also gave the Oregon territory to the U.S.
  • Gold Rush

    The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in California foment western expansion as settlers desire to make themselves rich.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton organized a convention that sought to improve women's rights as it advocated for property rights, access to professions and the right to vote.
  • Compromise of 1850

    The compromise admits California as a free state, determines that popular sovereignty will determine slavery in Utah and New Mexico, and establishes a stricter fugitive slave law.
  • Creation of the Know-Nothing Party

    The Know-Nothing Party is created a result of nativism.
  • Uncle's Tom Cabinet

    Published by Harriet Beecher Stowe, the novel stirs anti-slavery sentiments and harnesses support to end the bondage of black Americans.
  • Knsas-Nebraska Act

    The act establishes the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, determines that popular sovereignty will decide whether slavery would be allowed,and repeals the Missouri Compromise. As a result, it led to a period of violence known as Bleeding Kansas.
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Supreme Court rules that Congress has no rights to abolish slavery in the states and that slaves are not citizens.
  • South Carolina secedes from the Union

    As a result of South Carolina's secession, other southern states such as Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana also secede.
  • The Confederacy is Born

    The Confederacy arises as all the southern states that seceded join together to form a new republic that admitted slavery.
  • Jefferson Davis is Elected President of the Confederacy

  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Confederates attack on Fort Sumter as a reaction to Lincoln's intention to resupply that fort marks the start of the civil war.
  • Battle of Antietam

    The deadliest one-day battle in all American military history. Union victory stopped Lee's attempt to invade the north, convicted Lincoln to change the general, and prevented the Confederacy from being acknowledged and aided by Great Britain and France.
  • Homestead Act

    The act allows settlers to claim the land from the west after they lived on it for five years, thus fomenting western expansion.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issues a proclamation that freed all slaves in the Confederacy, transforming the character of the war from a struggle for unity to a crusade for freedom.
  • 13th Amendment

    The 13th amendment is ratified, thus prohibiting slavery in the U.S.
  • 14th Amendment

    The 14th amendment is ratified, granting citizenship to all persons born or in the U.S, including former slaves. Furthermore, it guarunteed equal protection under the law for all citizens.
  • First Transcontinental Rilroad

    Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads are joined at Utah, thus creating the first transcontinental railroad.
  • 15th Amendment

    The 15th amendment is ratified, giving blacks the right to suffrage.
  • Period: to

    Second Great Awakening

  • Period: to

    Thomas Jefferson is President

  • Period: to

    James Madison is President

  • Period: to

    War of 1812

  • Period: to

    James Monroe is President

  • Period: to

    Arrival of Irish Catholic Immigrants

  • Period: to

    John Quincy Adams is President

  • Period: to

    Andrew Jackson is President

  • Period: to

    Martin Van Buren is President

  • Period: to

    William Henry Harrison is President

  • Period: to

    John Tyler is President

  • Period: to

    Jmaes K. Polk is President

  • Period: to

    Mexican American War

  • Period: to

    Zachary Taylor is President

  • Period: to

    Millard Fillmore is President

  • Period: to

    Franklin Pierce is President

  • Period: to

    James Buchanan is President

  • Period: to

    Abraham Lincoln is President

  • Period: to

    Civil War

  • Period: to

    Andrew Johnson is President

  • Period: to

    Reconstruction

  • Period: to

    Ulysses S. Grant is President