1750 C.E. -1900 C.E.

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    American Revolution

    The American Revolution was a political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America.
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    Meiji Restoration

    The Meiji Restoration (明治維新 Meiji Ishin?), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, Reform or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.
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    Reign of King Louis XVI

    The King of France, Louis XVI was overthrown in a popular rebellion, caused in part by the rise of a middle class no longer controllable by the old regime, by ideological changes brought about by such authors as Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Turgot, and other theorists of the Enlightenment, and most proximately by the financial disarray of the government resulting in sharply higher taxes.
  • James Watt perfects steam engine

    In 1763, Watt was asked to repair a model Newcomen engine belonging to the university.[18] Even after repair, this engine only barely worked. After much experimentation, Watt demonstrated that about three-quarters of the heat of the steam was being wasted - consumed in heating the engine cylinder on every cycle.
  • Spinning Mule Developed

    Samuel Crompton invented the spinning mule - Samuel Crompton's machine ... a show, spending all his wages on the development of the spinning mule.
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    Simón Bolívar

    Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte y Blanco, commonly known as Simón Bolívar, was a Venezuelan military and political leader.
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    French Revolution

    The French Revolution (French: Révolution française; 1789–1799), was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a lasting impact on French history and more broadly throughout Europe.
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    Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, which culminated in the elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Haitian republic.
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    Toussaint Louverture

    When the slave revolt broke out, Toussaint was already 45--old for a slave in Haiti. He simply took over the plantation--and waited to see what would happen.
  • Cotton gin developed

    The cotton gin developed by Eli Whitney in 1793 marked a major turning point in the economic history of the Southern United States
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    Reign of Napoleon

    The Battle of Waterloo ended his brief second reign.
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    Wars of Indeoendance in Latin America

    The final victory of Latin American patriots over Spain and the fading loyalist factions began in 1808 with the political crisis in Spain. With the Spanish king and his son Ferdinand taken hostage by Napoleon, Creoles and peninsulars began to jockey for power across Spanish America.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815.
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    Opium War

    The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, divided into the First Opium War from 1839 to 1842 and the Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860.
  • The Communist Manifesto

    The Communist Manifesto, originally titled Manifesto of the Communist Party, is a short 1848 publication written by the political theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
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    Taiping Rebellion

    Taiping Rebellion- Large-scale rebellion against the Qing dynasty and the presence of foreigners in China.
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    Crimean War

    Crimean War , 1853–56, war between Russia on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia on the other.
  • Bessemer Process Developed

    In the Bessemer process, air is blown through molten (liquefied by heat) metal because the oxygen combines chemically with carbon and other impurities (manganese and silicon) and burns them out of the molten metal. Then the purified molten metal can be poured into molds.
  • Sepoy Rebellion

    The Sepoy rebellion was set off between the British and the Indians. Indian soldiers that worked for the British during the British rule were known as the sepoys.
  • The Origin of Species Published

    On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology.
  • Emancipation of Russian Serfs

    The Emancipation of the Russian Serfs. 1861. Emancipating the serfs in 1861 was an extraordinarily key event which catapulted Russia into the 20th century.
  • Suez Canal

    The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
  • Suez Canal

    Egypt agreed to pay, in six annual installments, approximately million to shareholders of the nationalized Suez Canal Company;
  • Unification of Italy

    After many meeting and arguements, in 1870, an Italian army entered Rome and the Pope relinquished his authority over the city in exchange for the Vatican, which became an independent state. Italy was a united country at last.
  • Unification of Germany

    In 1848 liberal uprisings took place in many German cities, including Berlin the capital city of Prussia. Although he considered himself to be appointed by God, the King of Prussia, Frederick William IV sympathised with many liberal demands. In order to stop the violence a promised to grant a constitution and create an elected assembly. The assembly duly met, and in 1849, it voted in favour of a liberal constitution for the kingdom. Only two members voted against it.
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    Berlin Conference

    From November 1884 to February 1885, European countries met in Berlin to divide Africa among themselves to colonize the continent.
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    Indian National Congress Founded

    On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance.
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    Boxer Rebellion

    The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement, was an anti-foreign, proto-nationalist movement by the Righteous Harmony Society in China between 1899 and 1901, opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity.
  • Boer War

    The South African Boer War begins between the British Empire and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State.
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    Russo-Japanese War

    The Russo-Japanese War (8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905) was "the first great war of the 20th century."
  • all-india muslim league founded

    Muslim League, political organisation of India and Pakistan, founded 1906 as the All-India Muslim League by Aga Khan III
  • Henry Ford and Assembly Line

    Henry Ford was determined to build a simple, reliable and affordable car; a car the ... Out of this determination came the Model T and the assembly line
  • Panama Canal Opened

    The Panama Canal (Spanish: Canal de Panamá) is a 48-mile (77.1 km) ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.