The first slave arrived in Jamestown, Verginia in 1619. His name was Anthony Negro.
Slavery Outlawed in Northern Territory
In 1787 the Northern Territory outlawed the use of slave labor.
Federal Fugitive Slave Law Enacted
The Federal Fugitive Slave Law pretty much made it so that any black person who had escaped slavery and made it to the north could be captured and taken back to the south for a reward to the captors.
Congress Bans Importation Of Slaves From Africa
In 1808 the United States Congress Declared It Illegagl To Import Slaves From Africa, And Made A Federal Law Outlawing It.
The Missouri Compromise
In 1820 the state of Missouri outlawed slavery everywhere in the state north of the southern boundary.
Nat Turner Slave Revolt
In 1831 Nat Turner led what is considered the most violent slave revolt. He and some of the other people who participated were later hanged.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
In 1852 Harriet Beacher Stowe's historic novel, "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was published
Kansas - Nebraska act passed
The Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, and also repealed the Missouri Compromise
Dred Scott Decision
In 1857 Dred Scott took his owner to the Supreme Court to fight for his freedom, because his owner took him into the northern states/territories. It was later ruled that Dred would remain a slave.
Confederacy Founded in Deep South
The Confederacy was founded in the Deep South, which later seceeded from the nation, which would later start the Civil War
This is the famous thing that Lincoln signed to free all slaves, in the North and Confederate areas.
End Of Civil War
The Confederate States probably saw no light at the end of the tunnel and gave up, announcing their defeat.
Lincoln was assassinated while attending a play. John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the back of the head.
Ku Klux Klan Formed in Tennessee
in 1865 the Ku Klux Klan was formed in Tennessee, this group of people were responsibe for many deaths of blacks in the south.
Jim Crow Laws Passed
Jim Crow laws were those laws that segregated everything like schols, hospitals, and whatnot. They eventually were declared unconstitutional.
End of Reconstruction
This was the end of attempting to restore peace in the South after the war. It was considered unsuccsessful because nothing really happened, and everything that did happen ended up being overthrown by Congress later on.
First Black College For Women Opens
Spelman College was opened in 1881 by Sophia B. Packard and Harriet E. Giles.
Plessy V Ferguson
Plessy V Furgeson was a court case regarding the "Seperate But Equal" laws on train cars. The law was not overthrown for many years after the fact.
The NAACP (National Association For The Advancment Of Colored People) was founded in 1909 by W.E.B. DuBois.
During the Harlem renaissance many blacks became well known musicions, actors/actresses, painters, wrieters, and poets.
Jackie Robinson Signes with Brooklyn Dodgers
In 1947 Robinson signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers which was the first time that a black man played in the white league. Robinson woud recieve several death threats from the KKK and other organizations.
Integration of US Forces
In 1948 President Harry S. Truman integrated all of the US Armed Forces, this is the first time that blacks and whites were in the same troops.
Brown V Board of Education
In 1954 this case was taken to the supreme court, where segregation in schools was considered to be unconstitutional.
Emmett Till Murder
In 1955 a young black boy, Emmett Till was found dead, tied to part of a cotton gin, and submerged in a river. He was killed because he said good bye to a white girl as he left a store. His killers were let off the hook at the time of the murder but were later found guilty and are serving life sentences.
Rosa Parks Bus Incident
In 1955 Rosa parks was sitting in the front of a bus in Montgomery, and refused to get up so a white man could have her seat. She was arrested and taken to jail. This event led to the year long bus boycott that later got segregation on public buses declared unconstitutional.
The Little Rock 9
in 1957 9 black students in Little Rock, Arkansas are barred from entering Central High School. Eventually National Guard Troops were sent in to escourt the kids into the school.
Greensbro, North Carolina Lunch Counter Sit-Ins
In 1960 4 black college students began a sit-in at a lunch counter in Greensbro, North Carolina. Their sit-in proved to be affective as other sit-ins began to happen across the country. 8 months after the sit-in began they were finally served food at the same lunch counter
The Freedom Riders
In 1961 black and white college students rode on interstate buses together to protest the segregation law. One of the buses was "fire bombed" by the KKK.
In 1962 James Meredith was a black college student enrolled at The University of Mississippi. He was barred from entering the school and President Kennedy ordered five thousand troops down to Mississippi to escourt him to his classes.
March On Washington & I Have A Dream Speech
In 1963 Dr. King led a peaceful protest, where thousands of civil rights activists marched in protest of jobs, voting rights, and segregation in schools. This is the same day that King gave his famous "I Have A Dream" speech.
King Recieves Nobel Piece Prize
In 1964 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. At the age of 35 he was the youngest person to ever recieve it. He also announced that he would donate the $54,000 prize money to furthering the Civil Rights Movement.
Malcolm X Assassinated
Malcolm X was one of the leading Muslim leaders in the Civil Rights Movement. He was killed by other Muslims while addressing the Afro American Unity.
In 1965, Martin Luther King Jr. was leading a peaceful protest. As he and his fellow protesters tried to cross the Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama state troopers violently attacked them. They beat the protesters with clubs and threw tear gas.
Congess Passes Voting Act of 1965
In 1965 the United States Congress passed the Voting Act of 1965 which made it easier for blacks to register, and vote. It outlawed literacy tests, poll tax, and other restrictions..
Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination
On April 4, 1968 Dr. King was giving a speech from the balcony of his hotel room in Memphis, TN. Blacks all over the nation took to the streets and started many riots. The FBI investigated, arrested, and charged James Earl Ray for the murder.