Civil Rights Legislation Timeline Sydney Diulus

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  • Truman's Executive Order

    On July 26, 1948, President Truman issued Executive Order 9981 establishing equality of treatment and opportunity in the Armed Services
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Signed by President Eisenhower, this Act was the first civil rights act to be signed since Reconstruction. It declared that the disenfranchisement of Black people was illegal; it authorized the Justice Department to seek injunctions against interference with the right to vote; and, it established the Commission on Civil Rights to investigate any interferences with the law.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1960

    Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1960. This legislation required election officials to have all records relating to voter registration. It also permitted the Department of Justice to inspect these records. Under this legislation, black Americans previously denied the opportunity to vote in their local jurisdictions were afforded the opportunity to apply to a federal court or voting referee for the right to vote.
  • JFK's Executive Orders

    Public sector unions received a boost in 1962 when President John F. Kennedy signed Executive Order 10988, which granted bargaining rights to federal employees. The pace of organizing among all public sector unions subsequently accelerated.
  • The 24th Amendment

    The Twenty-fourth Amendment (Amendment XXIV) prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax. The amendment was proposed by Congress to the states on August 27, 1962, and was ratified by the states on January 23, 1964.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    In 1964 Congress passed Public Law 82-352 (78 Stat. 241). The provisions of this civil rights act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race in hiring, promoting, and firing.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    In 1965, 5 month after the Selma March, Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 finally giving blacks the right to vote. Before the Act, blacks in the south were required to pay a poll tax and take a test to be able to vote. This made many blacks upset and black voting was very low. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 gave them the right to vote like every other American with no tax and no test.