1/2 1800's

  • Harrison Land Act

    Harrison Land Act
    Land in east coast was thinning and farmers needed large amounts of land to farm.The land act opened land so people who needed it could get it for one-fourth of the original cost. The government opened that land, so they were able to purchase it.The push/pull was the land thinning but the land act opened land.
  • The Virginia Governor Elected as President

    The Virginia Governor Elected as President
    On March 4, Thomas Jefferson was elected president. He was a principle author for the Declaration of Independance. Thomas Jefferson was a very important president.
  • First Barbary War 1801-1805

    First Barbary War 1801-1805
    The First Barbary War, was the first of two wars fought between the United States and the Northwest African Berber Muslim states known collectively as the Barbary States. It happened during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. In 1801, Tripoli increased demands for payment. President Jefferson refused the demand and Tripoli declared war on the United States.
  • The Embargo Act of 1807

    The Embargo Act of 1807
    The Embargo, which lasted from December 1807 to March 1809 effectively throttled American overseas trade. All areas of the United States suffered. In commercial New England and the Middle Atlantic states, ships rotted at the wharves, and in the agricultural areas, particularly in the South, farmers and planters could not sell their crops on the international market. U.S. Congress cut off trading from France and England, causing three countries to be low on certain supplies from other countries.
  • 1800-1810 Population

    1800-1810 Population
    In 1800, the population of the U.S. was 5,308,483 residents. In 1810, the population increased to 7,239,881 residents. One reason for this is the growing unbalanced death/birth rate. People were starting to not to die as quickly as diseases started to lessen.
  • First Section of the Cumberland

    First Section of the Cumberland
    Henry McKinley received the contract for the first section of the Cumberland Road. Construction began later on the same year. The Cumberland Road in the first major improved the highway in the U.S. It is also called by the National Road.
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    War of 1812

    The War of 1812 was a military conflict between the forces of the United States and those of the British Empire. The U.S. declared war for several reasons, including trade restrictions brought about by Britian's ongoing war with France, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of American Indian tribes against American expansion, outrage over insults to national honour after humiliations on the high seas and possible American desire to annex Canada.
  • Erie Canal's Construction Begins

    Erie Canal's Construction Begins
    The construction of the Erie Canal began on July 4, 1817 and was completed on October 26, 1825. The engineers that constructed it were Benjamin Wright, Canvass White, and Amos Eaton. The Erie Canal cost $7 million to construct.The canal was the first transportation system between the eastern seaboard (New York City) and the western interior (Great Lakes) of the United States that did not require portage, It was faster than carts pulled by draft animals, and cut transport costs by about 95%.
  • Admittion of Illinois

    Admittion of Illinois
    Illinois was officially admitted into the U.S. Union on the third of December in 1818. This was just one of many in this decade such as Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.
  • Thomas Jefferson and the Founding of the University of Virginia

    Thomas Jefferson and the Founding of the University of Virginia
    Thomas Jefferson was involved in the University's design, he planned the curriculum, recruited the first faculty and designed the Academical Village. Jefferson considered the founding of the University to be one of his greatest achievements. Undertaking the project toward the end of his life—after a long, illustrious career that included serving as a colonial revolutionary, political leader, writer, architect, inventor, and horticulturalist—he was closely involved in the University's design.
  • Free African American Colonists

    Free African American Colonists
    The first organized emigration back to Africa began when eighty-six free African Americans left New York Harbor aboard the Mayflower of Liberia. They were bound for the British colony of Sierra Leone, which welcomed free African Americans as well as fugitive slaves.
  • 1820 Westward Migration

    1820 Westward Migration
    In about 1820, 30% of all Americans settled in the region between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River, with increased population further west into unowned territory. During this time period, there was rapid population increase in the western lands.
  • James Monroe

    James Monroe
    James Monroe is best remembered for the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 which declared against foreign colonization or intervention in the Americas.
  • Winnebago War

    Winnebago War
    The Winnebago War was a brief conflict that took place in the Upper Mississippi River region of the United States, primarily in what is now the state of Wisconsin. The arguements caused a few attacks on American civilians by a portion of the Winnebago (or Ho-Chunk) Native American tribe. The tribe attacked because a wave of lead miners trespassed on to their land. The conflict also helped to promote a change in U.S. policy regarding Native Americans.
  • Resistance of the Purchase of Texas

    Resistance of the Purchase of Texas
    Mexico resists the Purchase of Texas from Andrew Jackson. The Mexicans' resistance toward Jackson delays Texas from becoming a state.
  • Western Migration

    Western Migration
    In 1830, 938,903 people migrated to Ohio, 343,600 people moved to Indiana and 157,445 people moved to Illinois. Western immigration was caused for a number of reasons, whether it be that they had a problem with their old home or that the west sounded better. (Expelling forces and Attracting forces)
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    A law was signed by President Andrew Jackson to move Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. 60,000 Native Americans were forced to migrate.
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    Black Hawk War

    The Black Hawk War was a brief conflict between the United States and Native Americans headed by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader. The war happened because the Native Americans crossed the Mississippi River in the U.S. state of Illinois in April 1832. For the Americans, the war resulted in the deaths of 77 white settlers, militiamen, and regular soldiers. The United States had won the Black Hawk War.
  • Shift In Land Deposits

    Shift In Land Deposits
    Treasury Secretary Roger B. Tanery shifts deposits from the Second Bank of the U.S. to state banks. This meant that all the money in one of the bigger names' banks got transfered to the state banks.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Trail of Tears happened because the U.S government wanted to expand the territory of the country, so they forced the Native Americans off their own land. Congress called in Federal troops to help "escort" more than 15,000 Cherokee people to their home in "Indian Territory." Approximately 1/3 of the Cherokee people died. This was known to the Cherokee people as "The Trail." Where They Cried."
  • Westward Movement Continued

    Westward Movement Continued
    In 1840, 1.4 million people migrated westward to Ohio. 600,000 people moved to Indiana and 476,000 people moved to Illinois. Also, 212 people moved to Michigan.
  • The Oregon Trail

    The Oregon Trail
    More than one hundreded pioneers from Groove, Mossouri were offered food and and farming equipment at Fort Vancover. By the Hudson Bay Company.
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    Mexican-American War

    The Mexican-American War was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. The Mexican government had long warned the United States that annexation of Texas would mean war. Britian and France, which recognized the Independence of Texas, repeatedly tried to dissuade Mexico from declaring war. When Texas joined the United States as a state in 1845, the Mexican government broke diplomatic relations with the United States.This is why the war happened. It was a U.S. victory.
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    California Gold Rush

    The California Gold Rush began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.The first to hear confirmed information of the gold rush were the people in Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), and Latin America, who were the first to start flocking to the state in late 1848. All in all, the news of gold brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad.
  • Women's Rights

    Women's Rights
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized the first Women's Rights convention in Seneca Falls, NY where the "Declaration of the Sentiments" were signed.