Modern History 1989-Present

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    Modern History

  • Oka Crisis

    Oka Crisis
    The town of Oka, Quebec had planned to build an extension to a private golf course that expands into territory that is claimed by Mohawks to be their own. The Mohawks refused for the golf course to be built. Police engaged with a firefight killing an officer and tensions were only rising. The Military was called in and took over blockades. After negotiations in late august and by the end of September the crisis was officially over and the plans for the course scraped.
  • NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) formed

    NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) formed
    In 1989 an agreement was signed by the United States and Canada to remove tariffs and establish free trade between the two countries. Later in 1994, Mexico joined this agreement and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was formed. This agreement removed tariffs & external costs on products being imported and exported throughout United States, Canada, and Mexico.
  • WTO (World Trade Organization) formed

    WTO (World Trade Organization) formed
    WTO Established in 1995, the World Trade Organization helps maintain and organize gloval trade to over 150 countries. The WTO organizes trade negotiations, polices trade agreements and settles trade disputes between countries. The WTO acts sort of like the United Nations.
  • Quebec Referendum

    Quebec Referendum
    Many Quebecois believed that their culture and language wasn’t maintained by being a part of Canada, so on October 30, 1995 the people of Quebec voted if the wanted to separate from Canada. The resulting vote was 50.5% to stay united with Canada and 49.42% to separate, an astonishing .58% difference that could have ended up changing world geography.
  • New territory of Nunavut formed

    New territory of Nunavut formed
    Canada’s newest and largest territory Nunavut (Inuktitut for “our land”), was officially named the 3rd territory of Canada on April 1st, 1999. Despite having a small population, this helped the Inuit people establish their own form of self-government.
  • September 11th Terrorist Attacks (Part 1)

    September 11th Terrorist Attacks (Part 1)
    NAV Canada & 9/11
    9/11 Timeline On September 11th, 2001 four passenger jets were high-jacked by Al-Qaeda terrorists. Two jets were crashed into the twin towers, one into the Pentagon, and one crashed into a field in rural Pennsylvania.
  • September 11th (Part 2)

    September 11th (Part 2)
    There were a total of 2,996 deaths which is the highest death toll of any terrorist attack during peacetime. After the initial incident all flights heading through the United States were grounded. Through the next few hours, the FAA grounded several thousand flights throughout and incoming to the United States. Canadian flights were also grounded and 255 US bound flights were diverted and landed in Canadian airports.
  • September 11th (Part 3)

    September 11th (Part 3)
    Numerous buildings in Canada were evacuated in response; the CN Tower, the Parliament Building, TD Centre, and Toronto Stock exchange.
  • Operation Enduring Freedom (War in Afghanistan)

    Operation Enduring Freedom (War in Afghanistan)
    Today, over 2500 Canadian Troops are stationed in Afghanistan, and 152 have been KIA. As a response to 9/11 NATO organized an invasion of Afghanistan to defeat the Taliban and remove them from power and install a stable democratic society. Another goal was also to make Afghanistan less of a safe-haven for Al-Qaeda to hide out. Canada announced that they’ll be ending their combat operations in Afghanistan in 2011.
  • Arctic Sovereignty

    Arctic Sovereignty
    As the polar ice caps get smaller, arctic claim issues grow. Canada, Norway, Denmark, United States and Russia all claim some part of the arctic waters as their own. A major disputed area is the Northwest Passage, Canada claims rights to that area but the United States says that it’s International waters and any vessel is allowed to pass. The Arctic Ocean is a prime area for oil and as the ice caps melt this further expands International waters and brings disputes on who owns the area.
  • Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics (Part 1)

    Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics (Part 1)
    The 2010 Winter Olympics was the third time the Olympics have been held in Canada. This showcased to the world the pride Canadians have for their nation as Canada went on to win a record 14 gold medals in the winter Olympics and a total of 26 medals. Despite there being criticism about the games, overall the games were generally praised for the atmosphere.
  • Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics (Part 2)

    Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics (Part 2)
    The moment many Canadians will remember from the Olympics is the “golden goal” scored by Sidney Crosby in the Gold Medal men’s game to win the gold medal and set the record for most gold medals in an Olympic Winter Games.
  • Egyptian Revolution (Part 1)

    Egyptian Revolution (Part 1)
    On January 25th, 2011, the citizens of Egypt started protests/demonstrations against the 30 year dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak for a free nation and human rights. Thousands of protestors gathered in cities across Egypt to protest against Mubarak. Many situations have been reported and witnessed of police killing peaceful protestors, over 350 people have died and thousands have been injured.
  • Egyptian Revolution (Part2)

    Egyptian Revolution (Part2)
    After weeks the question simply became “When will Mubarak resign.” On February 11, Mubarak was officially confirmed to have resigned. Currently the military is holding temporary control until a government can be stabilized. This has created a domino effect with other Middle Eastern countries following Egypt.