The steam engine was invented in 1698 by Thomas Savery
It allowed for a boom in transportation of goods and people. The steam engine allowed for the development of the steam boat and allowed for trains to be powered.
Adam Smith/ Capitalism
Adam Smith was a professor at the University of Glasgow, Scotland. He wrote the book the wealth of nations in 1776 which explained capitalism.
Capitalism- the idea that a free economy guarenteed economic progress.
The Flying Shuttle
The flying shuttle was invented in 1733 by John Kay.
this invention allowed for things to be weaved at a much longer span, and be produced at a higher speed.
Jeremy Bentham/ Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham was the philosopher behind the idea of Utilitarianism.
Utilitarianism was the idea that there was only room for things that served a purpose. It also strived for the greatest good for the greatest amount of people.
The Power Loom
The power loom was a steam-powered, mechanically operated version of a regular loom, an invention that combined threads to make cloth. It was invented in 1743 by Edmund Cartwright.
Henri de Saint Simon/ Socialism
Henri de Saint Simon, was the person who coined the idea of Socialism.
Socialism- is the idea of public or common ownership and cooperative management of the means of production and allocation of resources.
James Watt figured out a way to make the steam engine work faster and more efficient.
The Water Frame
The Water Frame was invented by Richard Arkwright in 1769.
The water wheel was designed to power many spinning frames. This allowed for a faster production line.
was an entrepreneur who helped James Watt by paying him a salary and encouraging him to build better engines.
Point on America
Samuel Slater immigrated to the united states bringing with him the ideas for a spinning machine in his head, the following year Moses Brown started the first factory in America, thus starting the American Revolution.
The Sewing Machine
The sewing machine was invented by Thomas Saint, it vastly improved the efficiency and productivity of fabric, clothing industries,needle industries.
The Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793. This invention allowed for cotton to be plucked from the seeds at a much faster pace allowing for more cotton to be processed.
John McAdam was a Scottish Engineer who equipped roadbeds with a layer of large stones for frainage. On top o fthis he placed a carefully smoother layer of crushed rock, this allowed for even heavy wagons to traverse roads without getting stuck in the mud.
Francis Cabot Lowell
Lowell and four other investors revolutionized the American textile industry. They mechanized the entire stage of manufacturing cloth.
He brought the philosophy of Communism alive.
Communism- The Idea that everything should be equal and that there should be a classless society.
Abolishment of Slavery
William Wilberforce fought for many years to free slaves in Britain. Finally in 1833 Britain abolished slavery.
Factory Act of 1833
This law made it illegal to hire children under the age of 9. Children from the ages 9 to 12 could not work more than 8 hours a day. Young people from 13 to 17 could not work more that 12 hours a day.
Created the Hull House, which served immigrant population and trained social workers
in 1888 women activists around the world joined to found the International Council for Women. This council pushed for equal rights for women.