Cancer Screenings Throughout Life
Hypothetical BirthTo show when in life you are to be screened for certain types of cancers we'll start with the hypothetical birth of our patient. We will use this patient to describe the types of screenings recieved by both males and females.
Life of Our Patient
Clinical Breast ExamsClinical Breast ExamsThese should be done every 3 years while a woman is in her 20's and 30's
Self Breast ExamsSelf Brest Exam
These should be done monthly by women starting in their 20's.
Cervical CancerCervical CancerWomen should begin cervical cancer screenings 3 years after starting vaginal intercourse but no later than 21.
Cervical CancerWomen can now begin to be screened every 2 to 3 years.
Yearly Mammograms should start (age 40)Mammogram Info
Mammograms are an x-ray of the breast. They are used to check for breast cancer in women that show no signs of having breast cancer.
Colorectal CancerBeginning at age 50 both men and women have a choice of what type of screening plan they want to start. They need to do one of the following:
Tests that find polyps and cancer
* Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years*, or
* Colonoscopy every 10 years, or
* Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years*, or
* CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years*
Tests that primarily find cancer
* Yearly fecal occult blood test (gFOBT)**, or
* Yearly fecal immunochemical test (FIT)
Prostate CancerProstate CancerMen should discuss the pros and cons of prostate cancer screenings with their doctos at age 50.
Cervical CancerWomen with no abnormal pap test in the past 10 years can choose to stop having pap test.