Normas de la salud ocupacional o Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo en Colombia

  • Ley 57 de 1915

    Ley 57  de 1915
    ( 1. Also known as the "Uribe law" It is the first law related to occupational health in the country.
    2. It deals with occupational accidents and occupational diseases
    3. This law established the responsibility of the employer, the economic-welfare benefits, the type of disability, the survivor's pension and the compensation in case of physical limitations caused by work.) (
  • Ley 46 de 1918

    Ley 46 de 1918
    ( 1. Dictates Hygiene and Health measures for employees and
    2. A public health measure is dictated and the existence of hygienic rooms for the working class is provided
    3. The General Directorate of Hygiene was obliged to monitor the existing homes, in order that they comply with hygiene standards and impose fines ranging from ten to five hundred pesos for those who did not take the recommendations into account.) (
  • Ley 37 de 1921

    Ley 37 de 1921
    ( 1. It implements a compulsory collective life insurance for employees and workers.
    2. The insurance is equivalent to the salary or salary of the respective employee or worker for one year.
    3. This law introduced several changes of social type and labor policy)
  • Ley 10 de 1934

    Ley 10 de 1934
    ( 1. It established the employment contract for the first time in Colombia and, in addition, created the so-called "unemployment assistance", but only for private workers.
    2. The severance pay had an indemnity character, since it was only paid to the worker who was fired.
    3. Occupational disease is regulated,
    layoffs, vacations and employment contracts.) (
  • Ley 96 de 1938

    Ley 96 de 1938
    (1. The Ministry of Labor was created by this law under the name of the Ministry of Labor, Hygiene and Social Welfare. Later, it was renamed the Ministry of Social Protection.
    2. Creation of compensation for work accidents.) (
  • Ley 44 de 1939

    Ley 44 de 1939
    ( 1.It gives rise to the creation of compulsory insurance and compensation for work accidents
    2. Together with Decree 2350 of 1944, they promulgated the foundations of the Substantive Labor Code and the obligation to protect employees in it.)
  • Decreto 2530 de 1944

    Decreto 2530 de 1944
    (Disseminates the foundations of the Substantive Labor Code and the obligation to protect workers in their work.)
  • Ley 6 de 1945

    Ley 6 de 1945
    (1. General labor law, laying the foundations for occupational health in Colombia.
    2. By means of this law, the provisions relating to labor conventions, professional associations, collective disputes and special jurisdiction of labor matters are promulgated.
    3. To this law some amendments were made with decrees 1600 and 1848 of 1945)
  • Ley 90 de 1946

    Ley 90 de 1946
    (1.Mandatory social security is established and the Colombian Institute of Social Security is created.
    2.Said institute is created to provide social security services in health to private sector workers.
    3.This institute began providing services for non-occupational diseases and maternity in 1949.)
  • Acto Legislativo #77

    Acto Legislativo #77
    (1. The National Office of Medicine and Industrial Hygiene is created and provided for its support.
    2. The functions of the National Office of Medicine and Industrial Hygiene are described, among which is to monitor compliance with the provisions on work-related accidents and occupational diseases, to dictate the measures aimed at forecasting campaigns for occupational risks and re-adaptation of the injured.
    3. Likewise, they mention the different sections of the Office of Medicine and Hygiene.)
  • Decreto 3767 de 1949

    Decreto 3767 de 1949
    (1.Functioning of the National Office of Medicine and Industrial Hygiene of the Ministry of Labor.
    2. The Industrial Medicine and Hygiene Section, which functioned as a dependency of the National Department of Labor, will have its own functions and will be called the National Office of Medicine and Industrial Hygiene of the Ministry of Labor.
    3. This decree lists the functions to be performed by sectional doctors of Medicine and Industrial Hygiene.)
  • Resolución 2400 de 1979

    Resolución 2400 de 1979
    (1.Some provisions are established on housing, hygiene and
    safety in work establishments.
    2. With this resolution, the employer is obliged to adopt effective measures to protect and promote the health of workers, through the installation, operation and maintenance of the control systems and equipment necessary to prevent diseases and accidents in workplaces.
    3. All employers are obliged to provide each worker, free of charge, personal protection elements commensurate with the existing risks.)
  • Decreto 614 de 1984

    Decreto 614 de 1984
    (1. The bases for the organization and administration of occupational health in the country are determined.
    2. The provisions on occupational health must be applied in all places and classes of work, whatever the legal form of its organization and service.
    3. The occupational health activities carried out by all entities must be contemplated within the National Occupational Health Plan.)
  • Ley 100 de 1993

    Ley 100 de 1993
    (1. The General System of Professional Risks is created, which establishes a private insurance model for occupational risks.
    2. The Professional Risk Administrators are born, the
    which are in charge of carrying out activities of prevention, advice and evaluation of professional risks, as well as the provision of health services and payment of economic benefits to their affiliates.)
  • Decreto ley 1295 de 1994

    Decreto ley 1295 de 1994
    (1. The organization and administration of the General System of Professional Risks is determined
    2. The General System of Occupational Risks established in this decree is part of the Comprehensive Social Security System, established by Law 100 of 1993.
    3. The General System of Occupational Risks applies to all companies operating in the national territory, and to workers, contractors, subcontractors, from the public and private sectors in general.)
  • Decreto 1295 de 1994

    Decreto 1295 de 1994
    (1.The organization and administration of the General System of Professional Risks is determined 2.Addresses the prevention of occupational hazards and establishes as one of the responsibilities of the National Government, to issue technical regulatory standards aimed at guaranteeing the safety of workers and the general population, in the prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases.)
  • Decreto 1530 de 1996

    Decreto 1530 de 1996
    ( 1. The investigation of work accident and occupational disease with death of the worker in charge of the company is established.
    2. User companies are obliged to report to the ARP, which is affiliated with the number and activity of workers on mission who suffer accidents at work or occupational disease.
    3. Temporary services companies will be in charge of paying the contributions for the General System of Professional Risks of their workers.)
  • Ley 776 de 2002

    Ley 776 de 2002
    ( 1 Rules are issued for the organization, administration and provision of the general system of professional risks.
    2.The welfare and economic benefits derived from an accident at work or from a professional illness, will be recognized and paid by the administrator in which the worker is affiliated.
    3.The Occupational Risk Administrator in which a work accident occurs must be fully liable for the benefits derived from this event, both in the initial moment and in the face of its consequences.)
  • Resolución 2346 de 2007

    Resolución 2346 de 2007
    (1. Regulates the practice of occupational medical evaluations and the management and content of occupational medical records.
    2. The occupational medical evaluations that the public and private employer must carry out are: Pre-entry medical evaluation, periodic occupational medical evaluations and exit medical evaluation.
    3. Occupational medical evaluations must be carried out by specialists in occupational health or work medicine, with a valid license.)
  • Decreto 2646 de 2008

    Decreto 2646 de 2008
    (1.Provisions are established and responsibilities are defined for the identification, evaluation, prevention, intervention and permanent monitoring of exposure to psychosocial risk factors at work and for determining the origin of pathologies caused by occupational stress.
    2. The psychosocial risk battery mentioned in said decree is an instrument for measuring psychosocial risk factors at work that assesses intra-occupational and non-occupational aspects and individual conditions)
  • Ley 1010 de 2008

    Ley 1010 de 2008
    (1. Measures are taken to prevent, correct and punish workplace harassment and other harassment within the framework of employment relationships.
    2. Workplace harassment is understood to be any persistent and demonstrable conduct carried out on an employee, worker by an employer, a boss or hierarchical superior, a co-worker or a subordinate, aimed at instilling fear, intimidation, terror and anguish)
  • Decreto 2566 de 2009

    Decreto 2566 de 2009
    ( 1. Update of the Table of Occupational Diseases
    2. In cases where a disease does not appear in the table of occupational diseases, but the causal relationship with occupational risk factors is demonstrated, it will be recognized as an occupational disease)
  • Resolución 4502 de 2012

    Resolución 4502 de 2012
    ( 1. The procedure, requirements for the granting and renewal of occupational health licenses are regulated and other provisions are issued.
    1. As of this resolution, the issuance and renewal of the Occupational Health License has no cost and the renewal can be requested at any Sectional or District Health Secretariat in the country and has coverage throughout the national territory.)
  • Resolución 1409 de 2012

    Resolución 1409 de 2012
    (1. The Safety Regulations for protection against falls at work at heights are established.
    2. For the application of said resolution, it is understood that it is mandatory in all work in which there is a risk of falling 1.50 m or more on a lower level.
    3. Among the prevention measures against falls from work at heights exposed in this resolution is the training, collective prevention measures, work permits at heights, access systems for work at heights and suspended work.)
  • Decreto 1443 de 2014

    Decreto 1443 de 2014
    (1. Through this decree, the Ministry of Labor dictates provisions for the implementation and mandatory compliance with the guidelines of the Occupational Health and Safety Management System.
    2. Occupational Health and Safety is defined as the discipline that deals with the prevention of injuries and illnesses caused by working conditions, and the protection and promotion of workers' health.
    3. Postulates as an objective to improve working conditions and environment, as well as health at work)
  • Decreto 1072 de 2015

    Decreto 1072 de 2015
    (1. The implementation of SG-SST is mandatory. Companies, regardless of their nature or size, must implement an Occupational Health and Safety Management System.
    2. Collect all the rules that regulate the work and that were previously dispersed.
    3. Decree 1072 did not modify the pre-existing norms, it only unified them.)
  • Resolución 1111 de 2017

    Resolución 1111 de 2017
    (1.The minimum standards of the Occupational Health and Safety Management System for employers and contractors are defined.
    2. With this resolution it was stipulated that each company or entity must develop exclusively, individually and with its own resources the design, implementation and execution of the occupational health and safety management systems.
    3. This resolution lists the requirements that a company must meet if it wishes to be accredited in excellence in Safety and Health at work.)
  • Resolución 0312 de 2019

    Resolución 0312 de  2019
    ( 1. The minimum standards of the SG-SST Occupational Health and Safety Management System are defined.
    2. The minimum standards set forth in this resolution correspond to the set of norms, requirements and procedures that must be complied with by employers and contractors.
    3. The resolution applies to both public and private employers.)