Bozpo sro counseling occupational safety and health

International History of Occupational Health And Safety

  • 4000 BCE

    In Egypt...

    In Egypt...
    Egypt warriors, embalmers and weapons manufacturers had laws to do their job and avoid accidents, given by the pharaoh
  • 1750 BCE

    In Mesopotamia...

    In Mesopotamia...
    The oldest code of occupational safety laws was created by the King Hammurabi
  • 370 BCE

    In Ancient Greece...

    In Ancient Greece...
    Hippocrates was the first to speak of work-related illness, lead poisoning among workers in the mines, it was said that the miners had "colico saturnino"
  • 70

    Pliny The Elder

    Pliny The Elder
    Was the person who described some of the occupational diseases and classifies them in the book named "Slaved Diseases"
  • 200

    Galen and Celsus

    Galen and Celsus
    Both made brief comments on diseases due to occupational exposures
  • Period: 476 to 1453

    Middle Age

    In Italy, the rotary edicts are published, which were among the first legislative norms destined to protect occupational accidents in workers
  • 1473

    Ellen Bog

    Ellen Bog
    He discovered that some vapors of some metals can be dangerous, in addition he described the symptoms of industrial poisoning by lead and mercury
  • 1555

    Georgius Agricola

    Georgius Agricola
    He gave the First evidence that some particles produced asthma and ulcerations in the lungs, Caused by working conditions in mines and industries especially mining accidents and illnesses
  • 1560


    In his work titled “The tuberculosis and other diseases of the miners” Describes lung diseases, given by the lack of elements of occupational safety
  • Bernardino Ramazzini

    Bernardino Ramazzini
    He created the first full treaty of occupational diseases for the lack of job security, believed that the state has the obligation to protect workers
  • In Spain...

    In Spain...
    Carlos III gave the edict of protection against accidents
  • In France...

    The medicine academy continue to refer to workers' accidents
  • In Italy...

    In Italy...
    Protection is given to pregnant women, numerous studies on pregnancy appear and work is exempt in the last trimester of pregnancy.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    • The figure of public health is born. Occupational health and safety services, attention to working conditions and prevention of occupational diseases were also created.
    • Dr Charles Turner Thachrah was known as “father of British industrial medicine”
  • The English Parliament

    The English Parliament
    Gives regulation of factory work, which limits working hours and sets minimum levels of hygiene, health and education for workers
  • Robert Owen

    Robert Owen
    Started a program for the environmental, educational and moral improvement of workers
  • Guizot Law

    Guizot Law
    Was created in France and prohibited children under eight years of age from working in manufactures, factories and workshops with mechanical or continuous force motors, and in any factory that brought together more than two hundred workers in the same facility.
  • Law of Work for Women

    Law of Work for Women
    Women and young people would work no more than 12 hours the first 5 days of the week, with an hour and a half destined to feed themselves and 9 on Saturdays.
  • Max von Pettenkofer

    Max von Pettenkofer
    Founded the first Institute of Hygiene in Munich
  • The Haymarket affair

    The Haymarket affair
    Culminated with the establishment of 8 hours of work and it's declared as the International Worker's Day
  • Thomas Morrison Legge

    Thomas Morrison Legge
    Was appointed the first British medical factory inspector:
    - He introduced the idea of occupational disease notification especially of lead
    - He stressed the preventive aspects of occupational health practices = Legge’s aphorism
  • The State of Wisconsin

    Passed the first law regulating workers' compensation
  • In USA...

    Appears first school that awards diploma of industrial hygiene
  • In Versailles

    In Versailles
    Appears the world organization of work ; Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland founded the International Labour Organization (ILO)
  • The WHO and ILO

    The WHO and ILO
    The first session of the joint ILO / WHO committee on occupational health constituted
  • In Nigeria

    In Nigeria
    The Nigerian government requested & obtained a technical assistance from ILO on the development of occupational health
  • New law in USA

    New law in USA
    The law of security and occupational hygiene is published
  • Bill 139

    Establishes the Employes Health and Safety Act. The Minister can order joint committees.
  • Bill 70

    Establishes the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Mandatory joint committees in many workplaces.
  • Issuance of the regulation of hygiene and safety at work

    Where the guidelines of working in areas of healthy environment are given
  • Evolution of occupational medicine and the environment

    Moving away from the orthopedic-traumatological approach of an “industrial or business medicine”.
  • Bill 79

    Adds Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System to the Occupational Health and Safety Act.
  • Bill 208

    Amends the Occupational Health and Safety Act, broadening the requirement for joint committees. Establishes certified members and the right to stop work.
  • In La Paz, Bolivia...

    In La Paz, Bolivia...
    They accept the methodology presented by the OIT for the harmonization in the countries of the andean group.
  • The function of the Occupational Physician

    The function of the Occupational Physician
    To play a role in the reduction of illnesses and injuries, in the alleviation of suffering and in protecting the health of people throughout their lives.
  • The Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974

    Continues to form the basis of the workplace safety law in the United Kingdom, and influenced the legislation of Europe, New Zealand and other parts of the world. While the principles have remained largely the same, the Law continues to see updates and reforms along with the evolution of the workplace and the new health and safety challenges that arise.