Clinical Breast Exam (20's)A physician feels and observs the breasts for masses to check for breast cancer.
(every 3 years 20-30 years of age)
Annually age 40+
Breast self exam (20)A woman should observe her own breasts for any abnormalities in hopes of detecting breast cancer.
Cancer Check-upssStarting at age 20 everyone should have cancer related check ups of the thyroid, oral cavity, skin, lymph nodes, testes, and ovaries.
These tests are just miscellaneous little checks to help observe and hopeully catch any signs of cancer early
Pap Smear (21 or 3 years after vaginal intercourse)This is a test for cervical cancer where a tool is used to extract cells from the cervix and check for cervical cancer.
(every 2-3 years)
After a total hysterectomy or over the age of 70 with 3 consecutive normal smears may choose to cease or decrease fequency)
Yearly mammograms (age 40)uses low dosage of x-rays to scan breast tissues for cancer
Colonoscopy (50)A scope is inserted into the colon and viewed for polyps or cancer. This is for BOTH men and women.
(every 10 years)
substituted by either flexible sigmoidoscopy
Double Contrast Barium enema
Fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) (50)Blood is drawn and the fecal occult levels are measured. An elevated level would lead to a clonoscopy to confirm a problem.
Yearly fecal immunochemical test (FIT)
Stool DNA test
Prostate Exam (50)A 50 year old man should ask his doctor about doing a prostate exam with a PSA blood test and or a Rectal exam.