1095-1823

  • Period: 1095 to 1291

    The Crusades

    There were four Crusades to attempt to recover the holy land from the Saracen Turks for the European Christian world (Ignitia.com Editors). They were a failure but they major influence on medieval Europe. When they returned from the crusades they had brought with them many new materials and goods that we wanted. This was the start of trade with the east trading wine and woolen goods in exchange for spices, glass art, and many new and unique items Europe did not have before (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • Period: 1500 to

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance began in Italy in 1301 and spread to Europe in the 16th century (Ignitia.com Editors). The movable printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg helped ideas spread during the Renaissance from other countries to Europe (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • Period: Oct 31, 1517 to

    The Reformation

    The Reformation began with Martin Luther posting his 95 theses outside of his church (Ignitia.com Editors). The theses were to debate the teaching of the Catholic church. Martins's ideas were spread further by John Calvin in Switzerland. Now with the printing press many more people are able to read the bible in their own languages and making their own ideas from it. Religious wars were being fought between Catholics and the Separatists because the Catholics wanted their church to lead everything
  • Period: 1578 to

    The beginning of Colonization

    Elizabeth I was not interested in colonization (Ignitia.com Editors). She sent royal charters to influence trade in England. Then a man named Richard Hakluyt said that England would not be able to match the power of Spain and Portugal if we had no land. So she sent Sir Humphrey Gilbert on a first voyage and had 250 settlers and landed in Newfoundland in 1583. Another man Sir Walter Raleigh tried to start a colony at Roanoke Island in 1584 but when supply ships came there was no one to be found.
  • Period: to

    The Mayflower sets sail

    The Mayflower set sail in September of 1620 from Plymouth and landed on the land that is now Provincetown and stayed here for the winter before moving to Virginia (Ignitia.com Editors). Many of the settlers had died during the winter and moved after the winter (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • The Mayflower Compact

    The Mayflower Compact
    Mayflower passengers elected John Carver,a separatist as their governor (Ignitia.com Editors). The passengers agreed on a set of laws that, settlers would be binding on saints and strangers alike(Ignitia.com Editors). This was the first attempt at self-government, people wanted a fresh start and a new government and laws to abide by.
  • Plymouth Rock

    Plymouth Rock
    After the winter the colonists moved to Virginia. Soon after they had established fortifications, a church, and homes. During that spring a Samoset walked to the main meeting house and spoke English, this had established a great friendship with two tribes. The tribes had shown the pilgrims where to fish and how to plant Indian corn which became the main food source of the colony (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island
    In 1636 Roger Williams a torchbearer of religious freedom had purchased land from the Indians at the head of Narragansett Bay. And in the spring of 1636, Williams and some of his followers founded Providence Plantations which will become Rhode Island (Ignitia.com Editors). In 1644, Williams obtained a charter for his colony from the king. It had provided for an assembly and a governor. Religion was left to Rogers and he chose religious freedom (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • Period: to

    Delaware

    The area was first controlled by the swedes then the dutch and they had split the area into three (Ignitia.com Editors). It then fell into the hands of the English in 1664. William Penn's first grant of land did not include any coastline and he wanted to reach the sea to trade (Ignitia.com Editors). He drew up the "Great Law of Pennsylvania" which established the colonists to elect their own representatives and judges. In 1704, it was finally made into a separate colony named Delaware.
  • Georgia

    Georgia
    James Oglethorpe and a group of reformers secured the title to the land between South Carolina and Spanish Florida. Their plan was to have a buffer zone between the Spanish to keep them from moving north (Ignitia.com Editors). He did not allow slavery, prohibit the importation of rum and brandy, and limit individual landholdings to fifty acres. In 1752 Oglethorpe asked the king to take over. Slaves were imported cotton and rice plantations were established (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • English Albany Plan

    English Albany Plan
    The English knew that they would have a better chance to defeat the French if the colonies would join and help. The King called a meeting in Albany. Benjamin Franklin from Pennsylvania proposed that all the colonies band together in a union (ignitia.com Editors). A legislature would be formed that would consist of a president general, to be appointed by the king, and a council, whose members would be chosen by the colonial legislatures. The colonies did not accept the Albany Plan of Union
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War was the fourth war to try and get the French out of mainland America. One of the first battles was called the Ohio Valley Conflict where Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie decided to build a fort where the Ohio River met the Allegheny and the Monongahela rivers (Ignitia.com Editors). In 1754 a small army led by George Washington were set out to build a small fort right where the French were building theirs. He set out to fight the French losing the first battle of the War.
  • Writs of Assistance

    Writs of Assistance
    In 1761, the British officials were ordered to enforce the Navigation Acts and to seize all goods smuggled into the colonies (Ignitia.com Editors). The officials were then given the writs of assistance, to enter the warehouses, shops, and homes of the colonists to look for smuggled goods.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This had ended the French and Indian War between Britain and France, as well as their allies. France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, ending foreign military in the colonies.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    The First Continental Congress was comprised of delegates from all the colonies except Georgia. Met in the reaction to the Coercive Acts, a series of measures imposed by the British government on the colonies in response to the resistance to new taxes (history.com).
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    The second congress was called to talk about England and to start the raising of the Continental Army and the beginning of self-government. They were raising an army to fight the Revolutionary War.
  • Continental Army Established

    Continental Army Established
    The Army was established by the second continental army to fight in the revolutionary war. They had many weaknesses was loosely organized, lacked equipment and money, and they did not have training.
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    Thomas Payne wrote this to try and convince people to break away from Great Britain and Start their own country and laws (Ignitia.com Editors).
  • Period: to

    Articles of Confederation

    This was the first attempt at self government and had many weaknesses including no power to tax, no power to print money, and no power to control trade. The states had more power than the government.
  • neutrality proclamation

    This was George Washington's way of telling people that we are a neutral nation and will not support European Wars.
  • Monroe Doctrain

    The document had 4 major points. (1) The United States would not interfere in the internal affairs of or the wars between European powers; (2) the United States recognized and would not interfere with existing colonies and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere; (3) the Western Hemisphere was closed to future colonization; and (4) any attempt by a European power to oppress or control any nation in the Western Hemisphere would be viewed as a hostile act against the United States.
  • National Gazette

    Jefferson and Madison established a newspaper to support their political views. This was the first time that a side was supported with a anewspaper.