The Depression 1930s 03

  • Great Gorge and International Railway cut down employment in Canada

    Due to declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway began using one person crews on trolley operations in Canada.
  • Wheat Crop Crash

    A huge draught went through the prairies that destroyed the crops. There was a great loss of food and employment for many. It affected Saskatchewan the worst.
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  • Person's Case

    The Privy coundil reverces the desicion of the Supreme Court of Canada in the "persons" case. Canadian women are now considered "Persons" and therefore can now sit in the Senate
  • "Black Thursday"

    Stock prices plummeted on the New York Stock Exchange. This signaled the beginning of the Great Depression. (also in the U.S)
  • Workers Unitiy League

    The WUL (a national trade union federation) was founded. It was a major labour organization in Canada during the early Depression period, mostly formed by miners and lumber workers. It is considered accounted for most strikes in the early 1930's
  • R.B. Bennett The Prime Minister of Canada

    R.B. Bennett, the leader of the Conservative Party of Canada was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Canada. Bennett was responsible for imposing tariffs on imports from outside the empie in attempt to boost the Canadian economy.
  • Communist Party Outlawed

    The Communisnt Party was outlawed because the government was worried about their negative, socialist effect on on capitalism.
  • Maple Leaf Gardens Opens

    Signified hope in such a desperate time, and went against all the hardships experienced by Canadians. Also gave jobs to many Canadians and was always in need of an infrastructure, providing even more employment opportunities.
  • Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission was created

    The CRBC was created by the political groups to enlarge the government and provided those suffering from the depression with a distraction from all of their negative surroundings.
  • Work Camps were Established

    The Relief Camp Workers Unions worked to assist the unemployed. They established the work camps to help the men that had lost their jobs in result of the depression.
  • RCWU Strike

    RCWU went on strike, filling the streets of Vancouver shouting, "Work and wages" and, "When do we eat?" They wanted real work wages, better food and military discipline.
  • Ottawa and Quebec fight over who should care for starving Inuits.

    The Great Depression greatly impacted the Inuits which lead to many of them starving and dieing. There was a debate on who shold be held responsible and pay for medical and relief expenses. Even though most Inuits lived in Quebec, the Quebec government did not want to pay.
  • Workers go on strike in Stratford On

    Workers went on strike due to low pay from the great depression
  • Workers Declare Strike in Stratford

    In Stratford, Ontario, workers go on strike due to low salary from the great depression
  • Dust Bowl

    There was a period of severe dust storms that started in Saskatchewan, which caused agricultural and ecological damage in Canada. The drought heavily affected many farmers during the Great Depression.
  • Dionne Quintuplets Born

    Quintuplets were born in Corbeil, Ontario, Canada. The Quintuplets were a great source of money for the government and businesses. Three million people visited Quintland, earning a half-billion dollars off the tourists.
  • The Securities and Exchange Commission (US)

    Picked out the bad investment habits and made the Americans more confident in their stock market.
  • Bank of Canada Established

    Bennett's government launched the Bank of Canada to regulate monetary policy (how much money circulates in the economy and what it's worth).
  • Canadian Wheat Board

    The Candian wheat Board was created to market and establish a minimum floor price for wheat.
  • The Riot Act

    Gerry McGeer, the mayor of Vancouver, read the Riot Act in Victory Square in order to disperse a protest in action. The Riot Act was an act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain and gave the right to "local authorities to declare any group of twelve or more people to be unlawfully assembled, thus having to disperse or face punitive action".
  • Federal Elections

    Mackenzie King, the Liberals won the federal election.
  • PM William Lyon Mackenzie King

    Willaim Lyon Mackenzie King is elected as prime Minister of Canada
  • Trade Treaty

    Prime Minister Mackenzie King and President Roosevelt signed a treaty which, would make cross-boarder sales easier for both countries. This deal let Canadian farmers, fisherman and lumber merchants able to make a larger profit off of American sales by lowering tariffs and was paid to enter the market.
  • Deadliest Heat Wave in History

    The seven-day heat wave with temperatures above 44 degrees Celcius in Manitoba and Ontario killed 1,180 Canadians, contributing to the overall mood of the depression.
  • Trans Canada Airway Opened

    The Trans Canada Airway, what is now Air Canada, was opened and offically started. This start of such a huge company created many more job oppritunities for Canada helped the overall economy.
  • World War II Begins for Canada

    Canadian Government declares war on Germany marking the beginnig of the war for Canada.This was the prosperity period of the business cycle, the war meant that men and women who were unemployed could enlist in the military to support their family.
  • Unemployent Insurance Act

    The federall Unemployement Insurance Act was given royal assent. Canada became the last western industralized nation to have unemployement inssurance
  • Ogdensburg Agreement

    Canada's Prime Minister, and US president discussed mutual problems of defense in the north half of the Western Hemisphere. They decided to formed a permanent Joint Defense Board.