WWII

By freezie
  • Japan Invades Manchuria

    Japan Invades Manchuria
    -army invades w/out gov't knowledge (cuts to army)
    -appeasement by LoN
  • Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
    -Nazis take power
    -Begins eliminating opposition
  • Conscription in Germany

    Conscription in Germany
    -broke ToV
    -appeasement made Hitler grow in popularity in Germany
  • Period: to

    Appeasement

    -Began with conscription of Germany
    -Allies (esp. Chamberlain) wanted to keep peace in Europe
    -Hitler saw Aliies as weak
  • Italy attacks Abyssinia

    Italy attacks Abyssinia
    -wanted to expand fascist empire
    -attempt to get out of depression
  • Rhineland Crisis

    Rhineland Crisis
    -said to be defensive maneuver against French and Soviets
    -test for Allies (fail)
  • Period: to

    Spanish Civil War

    -Republicans vs. Nationalists
    -Franco/Nationalists win
    -prelude to WWII
  • Japan Invades Mainland China

    Japan Invades Mainland China
    -army announced new order of gov't
    -brutal to Chinese people (rape of nanking)
  • Anschluss Annexation

    Anschluss Annexation
    -Schuschnigg threatened, steps down
    -plebescite passed 99.75% (falsified), Austria becomes Nazi state
  • Italy joins Germany to form Axis

    Italy joins Germany to form Axis
    -Japan joins later
    -fascist countries united
  • Munich Crisis

    Munich Crisis
    -Sudetenland becomes part of Germany (Czech defenses)
    -Benes pleads to Allies, forced to concede to Hitler
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    -"Night of Broken Glass" SS led ransack of jewish property
    -warning sign for what was to come (holocaust)
  • Germany Invades Czechoslovakia

    Germany Invades Czechoslovakia
    -Hitler lost credibilty with Allies
    -Allies responded with unconditional support of Poland
  • Italy Invades Albania

    Italy Invades Albania
    -wanted in on the action
    -put pressure on surrounding area, Britain moves forces to Greece
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    -non-agression pact (gave Stalin time to prepare)
    -split Poland between them secretly
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    -Britain and France declare war on Germany Sept.3
    -end of appeasement, start of WWII
  • Period: to

    Battle of the Atlantic

    --1941-1943 height of BoA
    -German U-Boats (Wolf Packs)
    -Britain kept supply lines open
  • USSR Invades Poland

    USSR Invades Poland
    -Poland ceases to exist
    -gave USSR more land to retreat from
  • Winter War Begins

    Winter War Begins
    -USSR Invades Finland
    -Finland surrenders Mar.12, 1940
  • Germany Invades Norway and Denmark

    Germany Invades Norway and Denmark
    -protection from Britain
    -kept G from getting boxed in
  • Dunkirk Evacuation

    Dunkirk Evacuation
    -saved some of Allies best troops
    -moral victory
  • USSR Occupies Baltic States

    USSR Occupies Baltic States
    -made part of Soviet Union
    -more land for scorched earth
  • France Falls to Germany

    France Falls to Germany
    -B stood alone as G opposition
    -Vichy France (collaborators)
  • Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

    Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
    -tried to get cheap empire
    -Japan needed oil, Dutch East Indes refused
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    -Ends with British victory on Sept.30
    -turning point for western front
    -Blitz, inferioir planes, radar, enigma
  • Italy Attacks Egypt

    Italy Attacks Egypt
    -beginning of North African theatre
    -suez, middle east oil
  • USA Embargo on Japan

    USA Embargo on Japan
    -stopped oil, steel, tin trade
    -forced J to attack P Harbor, needed freedom of seas for resources
  • Italy Attacks Greece

    Italy Attacks Greece
    -failed miserably, G help, B retreats to crete, then egypt
    -delayed barb. into winter
  • Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join Axis

    Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join Axis
    -collaborators, to prevent invasion
    -aided in Yugoslavia, USSR, Greece
  • Lend Lease Act

    Lend Lease Act
    -US aided B, USSR
    -supported Allies while staying neutral
  • Yugoslavia Surrenders

    Yugoslavia Surrenders
    -Hungary, Slovakia, Romania aided Axis
    -treated poorly (slavs, lebensraum)
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    -eneded nazi-soviet pact, G attacks USSR
    -failed b/c of cold Russian winter and delayed start
  • Atlantic Charter (Newfoundland Conference)

    Atlantic Charter (Newfoundland Conference)
    -basis for UN
    -FDR, Churchill meet, beginning of alliance
  • Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor

    Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
    -got US involved in war
    -aircraft carriers unaffected
  • Japan Takes Philippines, Indochina and Singapore

    Japan Takes Philippines, Indochina and Singapore
    -got resources, expanded empire
    -threatened Australia, India, US responds
  • Battle of the Coral Sea

    Battle of the Coral Sea
    -draw
    -prevented J from taking Australia
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    -turning point for Pacific
    -J lost 4 ACs
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    -USSR victory Feb.2, '43
    -turning point for east front, Hitler denied oil access
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    -Allied victory Nov.3
    -turning point in N.Africa (desert rats)
  • Operation Torch

    Operation Torch
    -US op pincer movement in N.Africa
    -led by Eisenhower, drove Axis back to I
  • Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca Conference
    -FDR, Churchill agree G has to surrender unconditionally
    -prolonged war, G nothing to lose
  • End of North Africa Campaign

    End of North Africa Campaign
    -prepared for I campaign
    -Rommel and troops pushed back to Tunisia, back to I
  • Battle of Kursk

    Battle of Kursk
    -largest tank battle ever
    -USSR victory, push G back
  • Allies Take Sicily

    Allies Take Sicily
    -springboard for I Campaign
    -Italy surrenders, Mussolini arrested
  • Quebec Conference

    Quebec Conference
    -Church, FDR meet to discuss Manhattan project
    -secret meet
  • Nazis Occupy Northern Italy

    Nazis Occupy Northern Italy
    -took troops from other fronts, made way for d-day
    -Mussolini reinstated
  • Period: to

    Italian Campaign

    -took Nazi soldiers away from France for D-Day
    -took pressure off Soviets
  • Cairo Conference

    Cairo Conference
    -Church, FDR, Chiang (China) discuss pacific war
  • Tehran Conference

    Tehran Conference
    -US, B agree to open 2nd front
    -Polish borders agreed upon, USSR to help in Pac.
  • Soviets Enter Poland

    Soviets Enter Poland
    -nazis on defensive, pushed back to G
    -undid G territory gains in east
  • Rome Liberated

    Rome Liberated
    -big step in liberation of I
    -US takes credit, shouldve been C
  • Normandy Invasion (D-Day)

    Normandy Invasion (D-Day)
    -opening of second front
    -put G on defensive
  • Period: to

    Operation Overlord

    -led by Gen. Eisenhower (American)
    -began with D-Day, liberation of western Europe
    -put Germany on defensive, until VE Day
  • Soviets Launch Offensive on Eastern Front

    Soviets Launch Offensive on Eastern Front
    -final push into G
    -liberated many countries, turned Soviet
  • Paris Liberated

    Paris Liberated
    -Charles De Gaulle
    -France liberated, Allies free to turn to G
  • Operation Market Garden

    Operation Market Garden
    -failed attempt to liberate Holland
    -delayed VE Day
  • US Troops Land in Philippines

    US Troops Land in Philippines
    -Blocked J from oil
    -got closer to J, blocked resources
  • Battle of Leyte Gulf

    Battle of Leyte Gulf
    -largest naval battle ever
    -US takes out half J ACs
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    -last G offensive
    -through Ardennes (again)
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    -divide G into zones, N trials, USSR enter Pac. war
    -Stalin promised free elections in liberated countries, lied
    -agreed to form UN
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    -tunnels in mountain, J kamikaze
    -scared US
  • Battle of Okinawa

    Battle of Okinawa
    -J soldiers fight to death
    -huge casualties, persuaded truman to use A-Bomb
  • FDR Dies

    FDR Dies
    -Truman president
    -A-Bomb not FDR's decision
  • Soviets Attack Berlin

    Soviets Attack Berlin
    -US, USSR troops meet
    -G decimated
  • Mussolini Hung

    Mussolini Hung
    -Italians turned on M
    -I liberated
  • Hitler Commits Suicide

    Hitler Commits Suicide
    -G surrenders shortly after
    -justice is served!
  • Germany Surrenders (VE Day)

    Germany Surrenders (VE Day)
    -WWII is over in Europe!
    -liberation of Holland ends it
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    -Truman replaces FDR, Churchill voted out partway through
    -disarmed G, finalized plan to split G
  • Hiroshima

    Hiroshima
    -1st A-bomb
    -J didnt surrender
  • Nagasaki

    Nagasaki
    -2nd A-Bomb, forced J surrender
    -ended Pac. before USSR could get involved
  • Japan Surrenders (VJ Day)

    Japan Surrenders (VJ Day)
    -official end of WWII!
    -not legal until Sept.11
  • Nuremburg Trials

    Nuremburg Trials
    -first war trials
    -tried nazis for holocaust