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World War II

  • Japan Invades Manchuria

    Japan Invades Manchuria
    Japan invaded Manchuria, part of China's Eastern seaboard. Japan had been becoming more crowded and they had a very low view of the Chinese. This led to Japan invading Manchuria to gain more land.
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    Italy Invades, Conquers, and Annexes Ethiopia

    Italy, under fascist control of Benito Mussolini, invaded Ethiopia. The conflict began with a border incident between Ethiopia and Italy. This conflict gave Mussolini a reason to invade and annex the only country not dominated by European powers.
  • Treaty of Cooperation

    Treaty of Cooperation
    Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sign a treaty of cooperation. This is the first time that these countries have been allies. They hope to gain power and conquer land.
  • Anti-Comintern Pact

    Anti-Comintern Pact
    Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. It was directed against the Soviet Union. It was also against the international Communist movement.
  • Japan Invades China

    Japan Invades China
    Japan continues to expand into East Asia. They continue with invading China which started with Manchuria. This was the beginning of World War II in the Pacific.
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    Germany invades Austria without a single shot fired. Hitler believed that Austria should be part of the Nazi empire. Austria was thus included in the Anschluss.
  • Munich Agreement

    Munich Agreement
    Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich Agreement. This forced the Czechoslovak Republic to cede the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany. They also had to cede key military defensive positions to Germany.
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    Slovak Independence

    Under pressure from Nazi Germany, the Slovaks declare independence. This forms the Slovak Republic. Germany then invades Czech lands which violates the Munich Agreement.
  • Polish State

    Polish State
    France and Great Britain guarantee the integrity of the borders of the Polish state. After Germany's violation of the Munich Agreement, Poland was worried. Britain pledged to defend Poland if and when Germany attempts to invade.
  • Nonaggression Act

    Nonaggression Act
    Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign an nonaggression act. They also signed codicil dividing eastern Europe into spheres of influence. The agreement did not make Germany and Russia allies, but it guaranteed peace between the two.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    Germany invades Poland. This begins World War II in Europe. Adolf Hitler intended to regain land which they lost in World War I.
  • Declaring War on Germany

    Declaring War on Germany
    Honoring their guarantee of protecting Polish borders, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. This began conflict almost immediately. The first casualty was not German, but instead was the British ocean liner Athenia.
  • Soviet Union Invades Poland

    Soviet Union Invades Poland
    The Soviet Union begins to invade Poland from the east. The USSR declares that Poland no longer exists. This is due to the fine print of the nonaggression clause between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.
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    Poland Surrenders

    Warsaw surrenders on September 27. The Polish government escapes to Romania. Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union divide Poland between them as agreed in the nonaggression act.
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    Denmark and Norway

    Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrenders the day of the invasion. Norway holds out until June 9.
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    Germany Attacks Western Europe

    Germany invades France, along with several lower neutral countries. Luxembourg is occupied on May 10; the Netherlands surrenders on May 14; and Belgium surrenders on May 28. On June 22, France signs an armistice agreement by which the Germans occupy the northern half of the country and the entire Atlantic coastline.
  • Italy Joins the War

    Italy Joins the War
    Italy invades southern France. Mussolini was wary of entering the war due to lack of raw materials. German occupation of France made invasion much easier.
  • Italy Invades Egypt

    Italy Invades Egypt
    Italy invades British-occupied Egypt from Italian-controlled Libya. This achieves what the Duce calls the "glory" of Italy. Mussolini turned down German support in taking Egypt.
  • Tripartite Pact

    Tripartite Pact
    Japan, Germany, and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact. This forms the Axis powers. Should any of the Axis powers be attacked, other members would defend that country and offer support.
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    Axis Powers

    Hungary (November 20),Romania (November 22), and Slovakia (November 23) join the Axis. This helps to gain more power for the Axis powers. It also gives more allies for defense and invading.
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    Axis Powers Invade Soviet Union

    Nazi Germany and its Axis partners invade the Soviet Union. The Germans quickly overrun the Baltic States and, joined by the Finns, lay siege to St. Petersburg by September. In the center, the Germans capture Smolensk in early August and drive on Moscow by October. In the south, German and Romanian troops capture Kiev in September and capture Rostov on the Don River in November.
  • Russian Counteroffensive

    Russian Counteroffensive
    The Soviet Union launches a counteroffensive against Axis troops. This drives the German troops from the Moscow suburbs. Germany retreats in chaos.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Japan bombs Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Much of the U.S naval fleet was harbored here. 2,000 American soldiers were killed and another 1,000 were wounded.
  • United States Declares war on Japan

    United States Declares war on Japan
    After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the angered United Stated declare war on Japan. Japanese troops land in the Philippines, French Indochina, and British Singapore. This is the beginning of Japan's involvement in the war.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    British and US navies halt the Japanese naval advance in the central Pacific at Midway. This was a very decisive battle. It stopped Japan's advancement and showed the military force of the Allied powers.
  • D-Day

    British and US forces land on the beaches of Normandy. This opens a second front against the Germans. It was important because it liberated all of Western Europe from Nazi Germany.
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    Battle of Okinawa

    Allied troops stop at Okinawa to regain it. This is the last stop before reaching the islands of Japan. During this battle, the Japanese changed their tactics making the battle much more dangerous.
  • Soviets Surround Berlin

    Soviets Surround Berlin
    The Soviet Union launches a final offensive to capture the capital of Germany, Berlin. This is an important part of the war and will most likely lead to the surrender of Nazi Germany. The Soviets encircle Berlin.
  • Hitler Commits Suicide

    Hitler Commits Suicide
    With the Soviet Union advancing and no way to escape, Adolf Hitler takes his life. He consumed a cyanide pill then shot himself with a pistol. His body was then cremated.
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    Germany Surrenders

    After losing Berlin and their Fuhrer, Nazi Germany surrenders to the Allies (May 7). Also to the Soviet Union (May 9). This removed Germany from the war, but left the other Axis powers.
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    Manhattan Project

    The United States dropped two nuclear bombs on Japan. One on Hiroshima. The other on Nagasaki three days after the first bomb.
  • Japan Surrenders

    Japan Surrenders
    Having previously agreed to unconditional surrender in August, Japan formally surrenders. If Japan had not surrendered, they would have been invaded and had a large amount of casualties. This ends World War II and is the start of rebuilding.
  • Battle of The Bulge

    Battle of The Bulge
    Germans launch a final offensive in the west. This was an attempt to re-conquer Belgium. It was also to split the Allied forces along the German border.